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Mud to bricks: A review of school infrastructure spending and delivery

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781920538255 Year: Pages: 69 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:18:53
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About the publicationDilapidated public school infrastructure can be found across the country, but the problem is particularly acute in the Eastern Cape where the majority of the so called 'mud schools' are located. On 04 February 2011, following court action on the issue of mud schools, the Legal Resources Centre, acting on behalf of 7 schools and the Centre for Child Law, concluded a landmark settlement with the National Department of Basic Education in which the Department committed to spend R8.2-billion from 1 April 2011 to 1 March 2014 to eradicate mud schools and improve infrastructure of schools throughout South Africa.The Centre for Child Law commissioned Cornerstone Economic Research, to track school infrastructure spending and delivery. The aim of the research was to assess what progress has been made in addressing the issues that brought about the litigation. This study, amongst other things, makes the concerning finding that the Department has woefully underspent the allocated school infrastructure funding for two years running. The target for the number of schools to be built in 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 was 49. However, only 10 schools had been completed at the end of the first year.About the authors:Carmen Abdoll has experience in public sector finance management, budget analysis, and various tax policy issues, including issues related to value-added tax, excise duties and all sub-national taxes. She has also worked on various projects related to the structure of the intergovernmental fiscal system in South Africa. Carmen has a particular interest in policy and services impacting on the lives of orphan children.Conrad Barberton is a development economist, policy researcher and trainer. He has experience in the design of intergovernmental fiscal processes, public sector finance management, budget presentation design and analysis, the costing of policies, strategic planning, monitoring and evaluation, and the design of governance accountability systems.Table of ContentsPREFACEACKNOWLEDGMENTSEXECUTIVE SUMMARYA LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS1. IntroductionPart one: Status of school infrastructure2. Responsibility for school infrastructure planning3. Sources of information on school infrastructure3.1 Number of public ordinary schools3.2 Number of classrooms in public ordinary schools4. Backlogs in school infrastructure4.1 Planning to address backlogs in school infrastructure4.2 Backlogs in schools and classrooms4.3 Inappropriate school structures (so-called mud schools)4.4 Backlogs in basic services4.5 Backlogs in maintenancePart two: National and provincial funding of school infrastructure5. Determinants in the demand for school infrastructure6. National government allocations to school infrastructure6.1 Education Infrastructure Grant6.2 School Infrastructure Backlogs Grant7. Provincial allocations to school infrastructure7.1 Total spending by provinces on school infrastructure7.2 Provinces’ allocations of own funding to school infrastructurePart three: Performance in the delivery of school infrastructure8. Performance of the School Infrastructure Backlogs Grant8.1 Planning related to the grant8.2 Spending and delivery progress of the SIBG8.3 Likely timeframes for eradicating inappropriate school structures9. Performance of the Education Infrastructure Grant9.1 Planning related to the grant9.2 Spending and delivery progress of the EIG10. Concluding points

Child Injury Prevention

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ISBN: 9783906980485 9783906980492 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-906980-49-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-12 11:21:17
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Injuries are among the leading causes of child morbidity and mortality worldwide [1]. Because injuries typically are incurred by healthy children engaging in daily activities, they can be particularly devastating to the injured child and his or her family, disrupting otherwise mentally and physically healthy lives with tragic short- and long-term consequences. Despite the implication of the lay term “accident”, injuries are preventable. The global community of scholars and practitioners is slowly creating, discovering, and implementing programs to reduce the burden of injury on the world’s youth. This volume contributes to those objectives. [1...]

Ambulante Hilfe zur Erziehung und Sozialraumorientierung

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ISBN: 9783847402718 9783847406235 Year: Pages: 481 DOI: 10.3224/84740623 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:04
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The current political discourse on the "further development and control of child and youth welfare" attempts to discredit and repress outpatient help for upbringing. The present "plea" interferes professionally and politically in this debate. The authors provide a critical assessment of the current situation of child and youth welfare and in particular of educational assistance and trace the process of the debate on the "further development and control of educational assistance". On the basis of detailed description and analysis of the two basic approaches to action in social work (social work in and with the social space on the one hand and individual casework, e.g. educational assistance, on the other), it deals with the question of whether the controversy alleged by politicians between the two approaches to action is technically justified. In this context, the two approaches to action are presented in their history and development and in their different conceptions. In addition to a clear plea for the preservation and consistently professional design of educational assistance in the context of life-world orientation, this also leads to the realisation that social work in general - and especially in times of neo-liberalisation of the social - is subject to the risk of individualisation. On the other hand, within both approaches it is also possible today to fend off this tendency and to act as a critical force in this society. In addition to the technical, ideological and political examination of the new control intentions of politics vis-à-vis aid for education, this book contains detailed descriptions and discussions on various individual topics, among others: - Technical characteristics, action orientations and process design of the action approaches "Outpatient individual case assistance" and "Work in and with the social space" (8.4 and 9.3, 9.4) - What shares does social work itself have in its partly unprofessional state? (Section 4.4) - Presentation and discussion of the concept of "social space orientation" (8.5) - Individualisation: What is this? How can it be avoided? (Chapter 8)

Young Children and Their Parents

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ISBN: 9781780491431 Year: Pages: 369 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_497778 Language: English
Publisher: Karnac Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 32
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-26 11:01:11
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The book describes the psychoanalytic perspective of development of theparent-infant relationship in the first three years of life.The importance of the earliest experiences of the child in the interaction with the parents shape sthe emerging personality of the child. The book follows the life of a child from birth to the third year.

Paediatric Nutrition

ISBN: 9783906980508 9783906980515 Year: Pages: 348 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-12 11:45:51
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Food and nutrition has been central to human culture, philosophy and science since the beginning of civilisation. However the building blocks of food and nutrition, the nutrients, remained unknown until the late 19th century. Over the next 100 years advances in physics, chemistry and physiology led to rapid developments in our knowledge, first with development of an understanding of energy and the macronutrients, followed by the minerals and vitamins. The first vitamins to be explored scientifically were thiamine, vitamin D and C and in 1935 ascorbic acid was synthesised, beginning the 20th century rapid development of knowledge of nutrients[1]. [...]

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