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Il fenomeno open data. Indicazioni e norme per un mondo di dati aperti

Book Series: CopyLeft Italia ISBN: 9788867051670 Year: Pages: 113 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni - LediPublishing
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-21 09:27:24
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Nell’affascinante mondo della cultura open, dopo software open source, standard aperti, open access e open content, il fenomeno dei dati aperti rappresenta l’ultima frontiera e forse anche quella attualmente più strategica. Alla fine degli anni 2000 si è infatti aperto il dibattito sull’importanza della disponibilità e libera diffusione di dati “crudi” (anche e soprattutto da parte del settore pubblico) così da poter aumentare il potenziale informativo e comunicativo della conoscenza condivisa figlia della rivoluzione digitale. Ci si è presto accorti che la possibilità di raccogliere, gestire e riutilizzare quantità di dati sempre maggiori e sempre più dense di correlazioni porta la necessità di alcune riflessioni di carattere sia giuridico che tecnologico. In questo libro, in ottica divulgativa, si cerca di presentare le principali questioni emergenti, tracciando un quadro normativo completo e fornendo alcune essenziali linee guida.SIMONE ALIPRANDIha un dottorato di ricerca in Società dell’Informazione ed è un avvocato che si occupa di consulenza, ricerca e formazione nel campo del diritto d’autore e più in generale del diritto dell’ICT. È responsabile dal 2005 del Progetto Copyleft-Italia.it, è membro di Array (www.array.eu) e collabora costantemente con alcuni enti universitari; ha pubblicato vari articoli e libri sul mondo delle tecnologie open e della cultura libera, rilasciando tutte le sue opere con licenze di tipo copyleft. Maggiori informazioni sulle sue attività nonchè tutte le sue opere sono disponibili sul suo sito personale www.aliprandi.org.

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Constructing Muslims in France - Discourse, Public Identity, and the Politics of Citizenship

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ISBN: 9781439910283 9781439910290 9781439910306 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_469365 Language: English
Publisher: Temple University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:34
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The standing of French Muslims is undercut by a predominant and persistent elite public discourse that frames Muslims as failed and incomplete French citizens. This situation fosters the very separations, exclusions, and hierarchies it claims to deplore as Muslims face discrimination in education, housing, and employment. In Constructing Muslims in France, Jennifer Fredette provides a deft empirical analysis to show the political diversity and complicated identity politics of this relatively new population. She examines the public identity of French Muslims and evaluates images in popular media to show how stereotyped notions of racial and religious differences pervade French public discourse.&#xD;&#xD;While rights may be a sine qua non for fighting legal and political inequality, Fredette shows that additional tools such as media access are needed to combat social inequality, particularly when it comes in the form of unfavorable discursive frames and public disrespect.&#xD;&#xD;Presenting the conflicting views of French national identity, Fredette shows how Muslims strive to gain recognition of their diverse views and backgrounds and find full equality as French citizens. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

The Ethics of Armed Conflict - A Cosmopolitan Just War Theory

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ISBN: 9780748645756 9780748645763 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:48
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Develops generalised just war principles that can be applied to all forms of armed conflict. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Making and Unmaking in Early Modern English Drama - Spectators, Aesthetics and Incompletion

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ISBN: 9781847798916 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_469309 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:50
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Exploring the significance of visual things that are 'under construction' in works by playwrights. Illustrated with examples, it opens up new interpretations of the place of aesthetic form in the early modern imagination. Why are early modern English dramatists preoccupied with unfinished processes of ‘making’ and ‘unmaking’? And what did ‘finished’ or ‘incomplete’ mean for spectators of plays and visual works in this period? Making and unmaking in early modern English drama is about the prevalence and significance of visual things that are ‘under construction’ in early modern plays. Contributing to challenges to the well-worn narrative of ‘iconophobic’ early modern English culture, it explores the drama as a part of a lively post-Reformation visual world. Interrogating the centrality of concepts of ‘fragmentation’ and ‘wholeness’ in critical approaches to this period, it opens up new interpretations of the place of aesthetic form in early modern culture. &#xD;An interdisciplinary study, this book argues that the idea of ‘finish’ had transgressive associations in the early modern imagination. It centres on the depiction of incomplete visual practices in works by playwrights including Shakespeare, John Lyly, and Robert Greene. The first book of its kind to connect dramatists’ attitudes to the visual with questions of materiality, Making and Unmaking in Early Modern English Drama draws on a rich range of illustrated examples. Plays are discussed alongside contexts and themes, including iconoclasm, painting, sculpture, clothing and jewellery, automata, and invisibility. &#xD;Asking what it meant for Shakespeare and his contemporaries to ‘begin’ or ‘end’ a literary or visual work, this book is invaluable for scholars and students of early modern English literature, drama, visual culture, material culture, theatre history, history and aesthetics. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Open Access. L'accesso aperto alla letteratura scientifica.

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Book Series: Editoria - Presente e Futuro ISBN: 9788867051717 Year: Pages: 123 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni - LediPublishing
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-20 15:02:17
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Nonostante l’Open Access, vale a dire la disponibilità libera e gratuita dei contenuti in internet, sia ormai un’iniziativa conosciuta, ci sono ancora idee molto confuse e interpretazioni erronee su alcune delle sue caratteristiche e sul suo funzionamento. In quest’opera, Ernest Abadal ha l’obiettivo di chiarire i dubbi e fraintendimenti più frequenti riguardo l’Open Access, presentando le basi teoriche di questo sistema, il ruolo delle riviste scientifiche e l’attitudine dei ricercatori, nonché una stima di quali siano le prospettive future.Questa guida si rivolge tanto agli accademici e ai dirigenti universitari, quanto agli editori e ai professionisti in ambito bibliotecario.L’edizione italiana è stata realizzata con la collaborazione di Maria Teresa Miconi, professoressa di Bibliografia e Biblioteconomia dell’Università di Macerata e riconosciuta esperta di Open Access.La prefazione è a cura di Giovanni Solimine, professore di Biblioteconomia all’Università di Roma La Sapienza, dove è anche presidente del Sistema bibliotecario di Ateneo e direttore della Scuola di Specializzazione in beni archivistici e librari.

Understanding the Global Energy Crisis

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Book Series: Purdue Studies in Public Policy ISBN: 9781557536617 9781612493091 9781612493107 9781557537010 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_469619 Language: English
Publisher: Purdue University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-29 09:14:34
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Central issues in global energy are discussed through interdisciplinary dialogue between experts from both North America and Europe with overview from historical, political, and socio-cultural perspectives, outlining the technology and policy issues facing the development of major conventional and renewable energy sources. We are facing a global energy crisis caused by world population growth, an escalating increase in demand, and continued dependence on fossil-based fuels for generation. It is widely accepted that increases in greenhouse gas concentration levels, if not reversed, will result in major changes to world climate with consequential effects on our society and economy. This is just the kind of intractable problem that Purdue University’s Global Policy Research Institute seeks to address in the Purdue Studies in Public Policy series by promoting the engagement between policy makers and experts in fields such as engineering and technology.&#xD; &#xD;Major steps forward in the development and use of technology are required. In order to achieve solutions of the required scale and magnitude within a limited timeline, it is essential that engineers be not only technologically-adept but also aware of the wider social and political issues that policy-makers face. Likewise, it is also imperative that policy makers liaise closely with the academic community in order to realize advances. This book is designed to bridge the gap between these two groups, with a particular emphasis on educating the socially-conscious engineers and technologists of the future.&#xD; &#xD;In this accessibly-written volume, central issues in global energy are discussed through interdisciplinary dialogue between experts from both North America and Europe. The first section provides an overview of the nature of the global energy crisis approached from historical, political, and sociocultural perspectives. In the second section, expert contributors outline the technology and policy issues facing the development of major conventional and renewable energy sources. The third and final section explores policy and technology challenges and opportunities in the distribution and consumption of energy, in sectors such as transportation and the built environment. The book’s epilogue suggests some future scenarios in energy distribution and use. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

The Myth of Piers Plowman - Constructing a Medieval Literary Archive

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Book Series: Cambridge Studies in Medieval Literature ISBN: 9781107043633 9781107338821 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_472471 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-09 16:28:11
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Addressing the history of the production and reception of the great medieval poem, Piers Plowman, Lawrence Warner reveals the many ways in which scholars, editors and critics over the centuries created their own speculative narratives about the poem, which gradually came to be regarded as factually true. Warner begins by considering the possibility that Langland wrote a romance about a werewolf and bear-suited lovers, and he goes on to explore the methods of the poem's localization, and medieval readers' particular interest in its Latinity. Warner shows that the 'Protestant Piers' was a reaction against the poem's oral mode of transmission, reveals the extensive eighteenth-century textual scholarship on the poem by figures including the maligned Chaucer editor John Urry, and contextualizes its first modernization by a literary forger inspired by the 1790s Shakespeare controversies. This lively account of Piers Plowman challenges the way the poem has traditionally been read and understood. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Governing Failure - Provisional Expertise and the Transformation of Global Development Finance

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ISBN: 9781107035041 9781139542739 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_472457 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-09 16:28:17
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Jacqueline Best argues that the changes in International Monetary Fund, World Bank and donor policies in the 1990s, towards what some have called the 'Post-Washington Consensus,' were driven by an erosion of expert authority and an increasing preoccupation with policy failure. Failures such as the Asian financial crisis and the decades of despair in sub-Saharan Africa led these institutions to develop governance strategies designed to avoid failure: fostering country ownership, developing global standards, managing risk and vulnerability and measuring results. In contrast to the structural adjustment era when policymakers were confident that they had all the answers, the author argues that we are now in an era of provisional governance, in which key actors are aware of the possibility of failure even as they seek to inoculate themselves against it. This book considers the implications of this shift, asking if it is a positive change and whether it is sustainable. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

China's iGeneration - Cinema and Moving Image Culture for the Twenty-First Century

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781623563127 9781623565954 9781623568474 Year: Pages: 368 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-23 11:01:05
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Collection of essays on twenty-first century Chinese cinema and moving image culture. This innovative collection of essays on twenty-first century Chinese cinema and moving image culture features contributions from an international community of scholars, critics, and practitioners. Taken together, their perspectives make a compelling case that the past decade has witnessed a radical transformation of conventional notions of cinema. Following China's accession to the WTO in 2001, personal and collective experiences of changing social conditions have added new dimensions to the increasingly diverse Sinophone media landscape, and provided a novel complement to the existing edifice of blockbusters, documentaries, and auteur culture. The numerous 'iGeneration' productions and practices examined in this volume include 3D and IMAX films, experimental documentaries, animation, visual aides-mémoires, and works of pirated pastiche. Together, they bear witness to the emergence of a new Chinese cinema characterized by digital and, trans-media representational strategies, the blurring of private/public distinctions, and dynamic reinterpretations of the very notion of 'cinema' itself.&#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Networks and institutions in Europe's emerging markets

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Book Series: Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics ISBN: 9781139381628 9781107031340 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-23 11:01:07
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Do ties between political parties and businesses harm or benefit the development of market institutions? The post-communist transition offers an unparalleled opportunity to explore when and how networks linking the polity and the economy support the development of func-tional institutions. A quantitative and qualitative analysis covering eleven post-socialist countries combined with detailed case studies of Bulgaria, Poland, and Romania documents how the most successful post-communist countries are those in which dense networks link polit-icians and businesspeople, as long as politicians are constrained by intense political competition. The comparison of original network data sets shows how this combination allowed Poland to emerge with stable institutions. Bulgaria, marred by weak institutions, corruption, and violence, cautions us that in developing economies intense political competition alone is harmful in the absence of dense personal and ownership networks. Indeed, as Romania illustrates, networks are so critical that their weakness is not mitigated even by low political competition. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

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