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Early Start

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ISBN: 9780472118724 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.813135 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100396
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:01:57
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In the United States, preschool education is characterized by the dominance of a variegated private sector and patchy, uncoordinated oversight of the public sector. Tracing the history of the American debate over preschool education, Andrew Karch argues that the current state of decentralization and fragmentation is the consequence of a chain of reactions and counterreactions to policy decisions dating from the late 1960s and early 1970s, when preschool advocates did not achieve their vision for a comprehensive national program but did manage to foster initiatives at both the state and national levels. Over time, beneficiaries of these initiatives and officials with jurisdiction over preschool education have become ardent defenders of the status quo. Today, advocates of greater government involvement must take on a diverse and entrenched set of constituencies resistant to policy change.

The Roots of Latino Urban Agency

Authors: ---
Book Series: Al Filo, Mexican American Studies Series ISBN: 9781574415308 9781574415421 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625672 Language: English
Publisher: University of North Texas Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100036
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-17 11:01:13
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The 2010 U.S. Census data showed that over the last decade the Latino population grew from 35.3 million to 50.5 million, accounting for more than half of the nation's population growth. This book collects essays that examine this phenomenal growth. In order to understand the Latino community in all its diversity, the analysis has to begin at the grassroots level. The political future of the Latino community in the United States in the twenty-first century will be largely determined by the various roles they have played in the major urban centers across the nation. These essays collectively suggest that political agency can encompass everything from voting, lobbying, networking, grassroots organizing, and mobilization, to dramatic protest. Latinos are in fact gaining access to the same political institutions that worked so hard to marginalize them.

Informal Governance in the European Union

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ISBN: 9780801452116 9780801469404 9780801469398 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101534
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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The European Union is the world’s most advanced international organization, presiding over a level of legal and economic integration unmatched in global politics. To explain this achievement, many observers point to its formal rules that entail strong obligations and delegate substantial power to supranational actors such as the European Commission. This legalistic view, Mareike Kleine contends, is misleading. More often than not, governments and bureaucrats informally depart from the formal rules and thereby contradict their very purpose. Behind the EU’s front of formal rules lies a thick network of informal governance practices.If not the EU’s rules, what accounts for the high level of economic integration among its members? How does the EU really work? In answering these questions, Kleine proposes a new way of thinking about international organizations.

Logics of War

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Book Series: Cornell Studies in Security Affairs ISBN: 9780801451867 9780801468179 9780801468162 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101542
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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Most wars between countries end quickly and at relatively low cost. The few in which high-intensity fighting continues for years bring about a disproportionate amount of death and suffering. What separates these few unusually long and intense wars from the many conflicts that are far less destructive? In Logics of War, Alex Weisiger tests three explanations for a nation’s decision to go to war and continue fighting regardless of the costs. He combines sharp statistical analysis of interstate wars over the past two centuries with nine narrative case studies. He examines both well-known conflicts like World War II and the Persian Gulf War, as well as unfamiliar ones such as the 1864–1870 Paraguayan War (or the War of the Triple Alliance), which proportionally caused more deaths than any other war in modern history.

Os eleitos : representação e carreiras políticas em democracias

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ISBN: 9788538603849 Year: DOI: 10.7476/9788538603849 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora da UFRGS
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-24 12:22:17
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Este livro é produto de uma agenda de investigações que um conjunto de pesquisadores de diferentes instituições e perspectivas metodológicas tem procurado enfrentar, ao longo dos últimos anos. Como alguém torna-se um profissional da política? Que trajetórias são percorridas por um aspirante a uma carreira política, até a conquista de postos públicos? Que atributos ou recursos são indispensáveis para o ingresso e mobilidade em carreiras políticas, diferenciando eleitores, candidatos e representantes? Partidos são relevantes na seleção de candidatos e oportunidades de carreira? Existem diferenças nos padrões partidários de seleção de candidatos? A conquista de postos executivos altera padrões partidários de recrutamento legislativo? O conjunto de textos apresentados nesta obra abrangem uma gama de questões em torno da representação, do recrutamento político e dos partidos, da discussão sobre modelos para explicar variações em padrões de carreiras políticas, processos de profissionalização em legislativos federais, contrastes estaduais nas condições de seleção e mobilidade nos postos políticos e investigações sobre carreiras em legislativos municipais.

Making the Most of Mess

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ISBN: 9780822353072 9780822395690 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100991
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-19 11:02:35
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In Making the Most of Mess, Emery Roe emphasizes that policy messes cannot be avoided or cleaned up; they need to be managed. He shows how policymakers and other professionals can learn these necessary skills from control operators who manage large critical infrastructures such as water supplies, telecommunications systems, and electricity grids. The ways in which they prevent major accidents and failures offer models for policymakers and other professionals to manage the messes they face. Throughout, Roe focuses on the global financial mess of 2008 and its ongoing aftermath, showing how mismanagement has allowed it to morph into other national and international messes. More effective management is still possible for this and many other policy messes but that requires better recognition of patterns and formulation of scenarios, as well as the ability to translate pattern and scenario into reliability.

A política social na América do Sul : perspectivas e desafios no século XXI

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788577982318 Year: DOI: 10.7476/9788577982318 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UEPG
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-09 12:06:35
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O livro aborda as mudanças recentes na proteção social nos países da América do Sul com destaque para o campo da seguridade social. Apresenta um conjunto de textos marcados pela interdisciplinariedade, agregando pesquisadores da área de Serviço Social, Sociologia, Direito e Administração. Os autores abordam as crises do capitalismo, as ideias neoliberais e a recente retomada do papel do Estado na regulação do mercado e na proteção social nos países da América do Sul. O tema da integração regional do Mercosul perpassa os capítulos que discutem a política social na região.

Survival Migration

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ISBN: 9780801451065 9780801468964 9780801468957 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101467
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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Such threats as environmental change, food insecurity, and generalized violence force massive numbers of people to flee states that are unable or unwilling to ensure their basic rights, as do conditions in failed and fragile states that make possible human rights deprivations. Because these reasons do not meet the legal understanding of persecution, the victims of these circumstances are not usually recognized as "refugees," preventing current institutions from ensuring their protection. In this book, Alexander Betts develops the concept of "survival migration" to highlight the crisis in which these people find themselves.

Euroscepticism, Europhobia and Eurocriticism

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ISBN: 9782875740410 9782875740410 9783035263473 Year: DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0352-6347-3 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103069
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-15 08:31:14
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This book analyses in detail the electoral manifestos and programmes presented by twenty-two parties during the European Parliamentary elections in 2009. The research indicates that radical right-wing parties usually have Europhobic impulses, however, radical left-wing parties are, in theory, favourable to European integration, but dispute the direction currently imposed by the EU authorities.

Das Ringen um die Zivilgesellschaft in der Türkei

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Book Series: Kultur und soziale Praxis ISBN: 9783837617702 9783839417706 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839417706 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103265
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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Der Zivilgesellschaftsdiskurs wurde in der Türkei nach dem Militärputsch von 1980 populär. Anil Al-Rebholz fragt, ob das Aufkommen dieses Diskurses als Hinweis auf die Herausbildung von Zivilgesellschaft in der Türkei verstanden werden kann. Dabei wird die politisch-diskursive Praxis vier oppositioneller Gruppen untersucht. In den Interviews mit öffentlich bekannten Intellektuellen sowie mit den Protagonistinnen und Protagonisten dieser Bewegungen wird die Transformation der gesellschaftlichen Wissensproduktion und der politischen Praxis aufgezeigt. Jenseits kulturalistischer und orientalistischer Ansichten wird ein hegemonietheoretischer Ansatz entwickelt, der neue Perspektiven auf die gesellschaftliche Transformation in der Türkei der letzten 30 Jahre ermöglicht.

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