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Oral Literature in the Digital Age: Archiving Orality and Connecting with Communities

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Book Series: World Oral Literature Series ISSN: 20507933 2054362X ISBN: 9781909254312 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 189 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0032 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Media and communication --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-07-15 13:46:44
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Thanks to ever-greater digital connectivity, interest in oral traditions has grown beyond that of researcher and research subject to include a widening pool of global users. When new publics consume, manipulate and connect with field recordings and digital cultural archives, their involvement raises important practical and ethical questions. This volume explores the political repercussions of studying marginalised languages; the role of online tools in ensuring responsible access to sensitive cultural materials; and ways of ensuring that when digital documents are created, they are not fossilized as a consequence of being archived. Fieldwork reports by linguists and anthropologists in three continents provide concrete examples of overcoming barriers—ethical, practical and conceptual—in digital documentation projects. Oral Literature in the Digital Age is an essential guide and handbook for ethnographers, field linguists, community activists, curators, archivists, librarians, and all who connect with indigenous communities in order to document and preserve oral traditions.

Factor analysis - Healing an ailing model

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ISBN: 9783863951337 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.17875/gup2013-466 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-11-23 08:54:16
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Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is a statistical tool for digging out hidden factors which give rise to the diversity of manifest objectives in psychology, medicine and other sciences. EFA had its heyday as psychologist Leon Thurstone (1935 and 1948) based EFA on what he called the “principle of simple structure” (SS). This principle, however, was erroneous from the beginning what remained unrecognized despite subsequent inventions of more sophisticated statistical tools such as confirmatory analysis and structural equation modeling. These methods are highly recommended today as tolerable routes to model complexities of observation. But they did not remove the harmful errors that SS had left behind. Five chapters in this book demonstrate and explain the trouble. In chapter 2 the ailment of SS is healed by introducing an unconventional factor rotation, called Varimin. Varimin gives variables of an analysis an optimal opportunity to manifest functional interrelations underlying correlational observations. Ten applications of Varimin (in chapter 2) show that its results are superior to results obtained by the conventional Varimax procedure. Further applications are presented for sports achievements (chapter 3), intelligence (chapter 4), and personality (chapter 5). If Varimin keeps on standing the tests new theoretical building blocks will arise together with conceptual networks promoting a better understanding of the domains under study. Readers may check this prognosis by themselves using the statistical tool (Varimin) which is provided by open access in the internet.

Fungal Disease in Britain and the United States 1850–2000

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Book Series: Science, Technology and Medicine in Modern History ISBN: 9781137392633 9781137377029 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.1057/9781137377029 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2013-12-02 16:29:26
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This book is open access under a CC BY license.
The grand narrative of twentieth-century medicine is the conquering of acute infectious diseases and the rise in chronic, degenerative diseases. The history of fungal infections does not fit this picture; indeed, it runs against it - this book charts the path of fungal infections from the mid nineteenth century to the dawn of the twenty-first century, both in Britain and the United States. It examines how fungal infections became more prevalent and serious over the century, a rise that was linked to the increased incidence of chronic diseases and to social, technological and medical 'progress'. In 1900, conditions such as ringworm, athlete's foot and thrush were minor, external and mostly chronic conditions

The Emergence of Irish Gothic Fiction - Histories, Origins, Theories

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ISBN: 9780748690800 9780748690817 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:30
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Provides a new account of the emergence of Irish gothic fiction in mid-eighteenth century. This book provides a robustly theorised and thoroughly historicised account of the ‘beginnings’ of Irish gothic fiction, maps the theoretical terrain covered by other critics, and puts forward a new history of the emergence of the genre in Ireland. The main argument the book makes is that the Irish gothic should be read in the context of the split in Irish Anglican public opinion that opened in the 1750s, and seen as a fictional instrument of liberal Anglican opinion in a changing political landscape. By providing a fully historicized account of the beginnings of the genre in Ireland, the book also addresses the theoretical controversies that have bedevilled discussion of the Irish gothic in the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s. The book gives ample space to the critical debate, and rigorously defends a reading of the Irish gothic as an Anglican, Patriot tradition. This reading demonstrates the connections between little-known Irish gothic fictions of the mid-eighteenth century (The Adventures of Miss Sophia Berkley and Longsword), and the Irish gothic tradition more generally, and also the gothic as a genre of global significance.&#xD;&#xD;Key Features&#xD;&#xD;* Examines gothic texts including Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Horace Walpole's The Castle of Otranto, Bram Stoker's Dracula, Charles Robert Maturin's Melmoth the Wanderer, (Anon), The Adventures of Miss Sophia Berkley and Thomas Leland's Longsword&#xD; &#xD;* Provides a rigorous and robust theory of the Irish Gothic &#xD;&#xD;* Reads early Irish gothic fully into the political context of mid-eighteenth century Ireland&#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

literature --- gothic fiction

Partisan Gerrymandering and the Construction of American Democracy

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Book Series: Legislative Politics and Policy Making ISBN: 9780472119011 9780472029525 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.5085808 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:32
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Engstrom evaluates redistricting plans and their electoral results from all states from 1789 through the 1960s, revealing that districting practices systematically affected the competitiveness of congressional elections; shaped the partisan composition of congressional delegations; and, on occasion, determined control of the House of Representatives. Erik J. Engstrom offers a historical perspective on the effects of gerrymandering on elections and party control of the U.S. national legislature. Aside from the requirements that districts be continuous and, after 1842, that each select only one representative, there were few restrictions on congressional districting. Unrestrained, state legislators drew and redrew districts to suit their own partisan agendas. With the rise of the “one-person, one-vote” doctrine and the implementation of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, however, redistricting became subject to court oversight.&#xD;Engstrom evaluates the abundant cross-sectional and temporal variation in redistricting plans and their electoral results from all the states, from 1789 through the 1960s, to identify the causes and consequences of partisan redistricting. His analysis reveals that districting practices across states and over time systematically affected the competitiveness of congressional elections; shaped the partisan composition of congressional delegations; and, on occasion, determined party control of the House of Representatives.&#xD;&#xD;“Partisan Gerrymandering and the Construction of American Democracy provides a rich look at the practice of gerrymandering. It is a nice mix of history and quantitative analysis. . . . It will be the definitive work on the subject for decades to come.” &#xD;—Charles Stewart, MIT&#xD;&#xD;Erik J. Engstrom is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Davis. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Rhetorics of Belonging - Nation, Narration and Israel/Palestine

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Book Series: Postcolonialism Across the Disciplines ISBN: 9781846319433 9781781386088 Year: Pages: 208 Language: English
Publisher: Liverpool University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:38
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Describes the formation and operation of a category of Palestinian and Israeli 'world literature' whose authors actively respond to the expectation that their work will 'narrate' the nation, invigorating critical debates about the political and artistic value of national narration as a literary practice. The crisis in Israel/Palestine has long been the world’s most visible military conflict. Yet the region’s cultural and intellectual life remains all but unknown to most foreign observers, which means that literary texts that make it into circulation abroad tend to be received as historical documents rather than aesthetic artefacts. Rhetorics of Belonging examines the diverse ways in which Palestinian and Israeli world writers have responded to the expectation that they will ‘narrate’ the nation, invigorating critical debates about the political and artistic value of national narration as a reading and writing practice. It considers writers whose work is rarely discussed together, offering new readings of the work of Edward Said, Amos Oz, Mourid Barghouti, Orly Castel-Bloom, Sahar Khalifeh, and Anton Shammas. This book helps to restore the category of the nation to contemporary literary criticism by attending to a context where the idea of the nation is so central a part of everyday experience that writers cannot not address it, and readers cannot help but read for it. It also points a way toward a relational literary history of Israel/Palestine, one that would situate Palestinian and Israeli writing in the context of a history of antagonistic interaction. The book’s findings are relevant not only for scholars working in postcolonial studies and Israel/Palestine studies, but for anyone interested in the difficult and unpredictable intersections of literature and politics. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

middle east --- history --- politics

Electronic Iran - The Cultural Politics of an Online Evolution

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Book Series: New Directions in International Studies ISBN: 9780813561929 9780813561936 9780813561943 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_469368 Language: English
Publisher: Rutgers University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:42
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Electronic Iran introduces the concept of the Iranian Internet, a framework that captures interlinked, transnational networks of virtual and offline spaces. Taking her cues from early Internet ethnographies that stress the importance of treating the Internet as both a site and product of cultural production, accounts in media studies that highlight the continuities between old and new media, and a range of works that have made critical interventions in the field of Iranian studies, Niki Akhavan traces key developments and confronts conventional wisdom about digital media in general, and contemporary Iranian culture and politics in particular.&#xD;&#xD;&#xD;Akhavan focuses largely on the years between 1998 and 2012 to reveal a diverse and combative virtual landscape where both geographically and ideologically dispersed individuals and groups deployed Internet technologies to variously construct, defend, and challenge narratives of Iranian national identity, society, and politics. While it tempers celebratory claims that have dominated assessments of the Iranian Internet, Electronic Iran is ultimately optimistic in its outlook. As it exposes and assesses overlooked aspects of the Iranian Internet, the book sketches a more complete map of its dynamic landscape, and suggests that the transformative powers of digital media can only be developed and understood if attention is paid to both the specificities of new technologies as well as the local and transnational contexts in which they appear. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Passionate Amateurs - Theatre, Communism and Love

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Book Series: Theater: Theory/Text/Performance ISBN: 9780472119073 9780472029594 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.4537117 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:46
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Beginning with Chekhov’s Uncle Vanya, Passionate Amateurs tells a new story about modern theater: the story of a romantic attachment to theater’s potential to produce surprising experiences of human community. Ridout argues that theater in modern capitalism can help us think afresh about notions of work, time, and freedom. Passionate Amateurs tells a new story about modern theater: the story of a romantic attachment to theater’s potential to produce surprising experiences of human community. It begins with one of the first great plays of modern European theater—Chekhov’s Uncle Vanya in Moscow—and then crosses the 20th and 21st centuries to look at how its story plays out in Weimar Republic Berlin, in the Paris of the 1960s, and in a spectrum of contemporary performance in Europe and the United States. This is a work of historical materialist theater scholarship, which combines a materialism grounded in a socialist tradition of cultural studies with some of the insights developed in recent years by theorists of affect, and addresses some fundamental questions about the social function and political potential of theater within modern capitalism. Passionate Amateurs argues that theater in modern capitalism can help us think afresh about notions of work, time, and freedom. Its title concept is a theoretical and historical figure, someone whose work in theater is undertaken within capitalism, but motivated by a love that desires something different. In addition to its theoretical originality, it offers a significant new reading of a major Chekhov play, the most sustained scholarly engagement to date with Benjamin’s “Program for a Proletarian Children’s Theatre,” the first major consideration of Godard’s La chinoise as a “theatrical” work, and the first chapter-length discussion of the work of The Nature Theatre of Oklahoma, an American company rapidly gaining a profile in the European theater scene. &#xD;Passionate Amateurs contributes to the development of theater and performance studies in a way that moves beyond debates over the differences between theater and performance in order to tell a powerful, historically grounded story about what theater and performance are for in the modern world.&#xD;&#xD;“Reading a suggestively diverse set of modern performances, and setting those performances within a clear and well-defined theoretical/critical project, Ridout attempts to use the ‘passionate amateur’—at once the spectator, the scholar, and to some extent the characters in the plays—as a critical category disrupting the otherwise fully commodified communication of leisure products . . . Passionate Amateurs is wholly original, intellectually and critically stimulating, and certain to develop not only discussion but also to lead to a series of important questions in contemporary theatre and performance studies scholarship.” &#xD;—W. B. Worthen, Alice Brady Pels Professor in the Arts, Barnard College, Columbia University&#xD;&#xD;Nicholas Ridout is Reader in Theatre and Performance Studies, Department of Drama, Queen Mary, University of London. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Human Rights and Democracy - The Precarious Triumph of Ideals

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ISBN: 9781849663458 9781849663465 9781849663472 9781849664868 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:54
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Combines an overview of the key theoretical models of democracy and human rights with a state-of-the-art survey which reports on trade-offs between achievements, set-backs and challenges in some of the world's 'hotspots'. The 20th century has been described as the bloodiest in human history, but it was also the century in which people around the world embraced ideas of democracy and human rights as never before, constructing social, political and legal institutions seeking to contain human behaviour. Todd Landman offers an optimistic, yet cautionary tale of these developments, drawing on the literature, from politics, international relations and international law. He celebrates the global turn from tyranny and violence towards democracy and rights but also warns of the precariousness of these achievements in the face of democratic setbacks and the undermining of rights commitments by many countries during the so-called ‘War on Terror'. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- human rights

Beastly Journeys - Travel and Transformation at the fin de siècle

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ISBN: 9781846319587 9781781386071 Year: Pages: 225 Language: English
Publisher: Liverpool University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:56
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A critical exploration of travel, animals and shape-changing in fin de siècle literature. Bats, beetles, wolves, butterflies, bulls, panthers, apes, leopards and spiders are among the countless creatures that crowd the pages of literature of the late nineteenth century. Whether in Gothic novels, science fiction, fantasy, fairy tales, journalism, political discourse, realism or naturalism, the line between the human and the animal becomes blurred. Beastly Journeys examines these bestial transformations across a range of well-known and less familiar texts and shows how they are provoked not only by the mutations of Darwinism but by social and economic shifts that have been lost in retellings and readings of them. The physical alterations described by George Gissing, George MacDonald, Arthur Machen, Arthur Morrison, W.T. Stead, Bram Stoker, H.G. Wells, Oscar Wilde, and many of their contemporaries, are responses to changes in the social body as Britain underwent a series of social and economic crises. Metaphors of travel – social, spatial, temporal, mythical and psychological – keep these stories on the move, confusing literary genres along with the indeterminacy of physical shape that they relate. Beastly Journeys will appeal to anyone interested in the relationship between nineteenth-century literature and its contexts and especially to those interested in the fin de siècle and in metaphors of travel, animals and shape-changing. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

literature --- modern history

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