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Computational Modelling of the Steps Involved in Photodynamic Therapy (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9789535104469 Year: DOI: 10.5772/37654 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 258990
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:47:59
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Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a branch of phototherapy that has seen a surge of interest in the last few decades, due to its potential in the treatment of various cancers, infections and

heart disease.(Bonnett, 2000) This chapter aims to give an overview of the various

photochemical steps involved in PDT as a cancer therapy, and in particular the challenges

and insight gained from their theoretical description. After a brief review of PDT in general,

in a biological and chemical context, the photochemical steps involved will be discussed,

detailing the computational techniques required to model these chemical pathways

theoretically. We will detail the methodologies that can currently be applied, as well as their

limitations of use at present, and areas requiring further development.

Ostranenie: On Shame and Knowing

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ISBN: 9780615744797 Year: Pages: 50 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0019.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:45
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Ostranenie, the term for defamiliarization introduced by Russian writer and critic Victor Shklovsky, means, among other things, to see in strangeness. To see in strangeness is to participate in an illusion that is more real than real. It may be achieved by (re)presenting the surface as the substance, the play as the thing, or by examining (from exigere: to drive out) what is present before one’s eyes. Ultimately, ostranenie means confessing one’s complicity in making known what is known. M.H. Bowker’s Ostranenie: On Shame and Knowing is a meditation upon the moment of a mother’s death: a moment of defamiliarization in several senses. The body of the work consists of footnotes which elaborate, by exegesis, by parataxis, and sometimes by surprise, the intimate and often hidden relationships between parent and child, illusion and knowledge, shame and loss. These elaborations raise questions about the power of the familiar, the limitations of discursive thought, and the paradoxical nature of the interpersonal, political, and spiritual bargains we make for the sake of security and freedom.

An Islamic Modification of the Person-Centered Counseling Approach

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ISBN: 9789992195314 Year: Pages: 342 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation Journals
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-06-16 07:50:55
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"Carl Rogers established the Person-Centered Approach (PCA), which was first known as ‘non-directive therapy’ and then as ‘client-centered therapy.’ The approach which depends on direct psychological contact between the client and counselor is based on the three core conditions; congruence, positive regard, and empathy. In the PCA each individual is seen as having a strong tendency for self-actualization (to grow, develop and achieve his/her maximum potential).The terms ‘self-actualization’ and ‘self-awareness’ can be misunderstood in Islamic society where individuals’ needs and decisions are based on the needs of the whole society. Many who are attracted to the PCA would not consider applying it, or a modification of it, in an Arab and/or Islamic society. However, remarkable positive similarities were found when reviewing Rogers’, Arab and Islamic literature.The aim of this book is to explore the possibility of applying a modified person-centered counseling approach (PCA) as a nondirective way of helping and supporting Muslim clients in the state of Qatar. Non-directive counseling is considered a new method, not only in Qatar, but in the Middle East as a whole. This study examines the feasibility of applying a modification of the PCA in Qatar, and focuses on the similarities between Islamic counseling and the PCA in working with depressed clients.This book attempts to open doors for authors and researchers to widen their knowledge with regard to applying a modification of the person centered counseling in different cultures. It also attempts to encourage professionals to apply such a modification to meet client needs, as deemed appropriate. "

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