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Opferschutz und Erziehungsgedanke im Jugendstrafverfahren

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950460 Year: Pages: 489 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-136 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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The dissertation investigates in which way the juvenile penal law allows for victim rights. This ques-tion is treated dogmatically and discussed in the lights of an empirical survey made specifically for this dissertation.

Power and Prosecution - Challenges and opportunities for international criminal justice in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Criminal Law and Justice ISBN: 9783863950781 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-147 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-23 14:00:42
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This book contains some of the papers that were presented at the first meeting of the newly formed African Expert Study Group on International Criminal Law / Groupe des Experts Africaines en Droit Pénal International held in September 2011 in Brussels, Belgium. The group was established under the auspices of the Multinational Development Policy Dialogue (hereinafter ‘MDPD’) and the Rule of Law programme of the German Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (‘KAS’) in 2010 modeled on the successful sister group in Latin America. This latter group was originally founded as an expert group to monitor the implementation of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (‘ICC’) in Latin America within the framework of cooperation between KAS’ regional Rule of Law Programme and the Department for Foreign and International Law of the Institute for Criminal Law and Criminal Justice of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen in 2002. The newly formed African group consists of judicial experts with both academic and practical background from various parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. The importance of such a group for the African continent cannot be overestimated. Africa plays a vital role in international criminal law and justice, both as an active player at the ICC and at the regional and national level. As for the group’s composition and outreach, the aim is to broaden regional representation and further consolidate membership. In 2012, the group will meet in Nairobi, Kenya to deal with topics surrounding the ‘Potential for the domestic prosecution of international crimes in Africa.’ Topics for future meetings abound given the multi-faceted African legal and political practice regarding international criminal justice in general and the ICC in particular. The group should in particular monitor the recent international or transnational criminal justice developments at the regional African level as well as relevant national developments. (Excerpt from the introduction by Kai Ambos)

Manifest Madness: Mental Incapacity in the Criminal Law

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ISBN: 9780199698592 Year: Pages: 307 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698592.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Psychiatry --- Law --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:34
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Whether it is a question of the age below which a child cannot be held liable for their actions, or the attribution of responsibility to defendants with mental illnesses, mental incapacity is a central concern for legal actors, policy makers, and legislators when it comes to crime and justice. Understanding the terrain of mental incapacity in criminal law is notoriously difficult; it involves tracing overlapping and interlocking legal doctrines, current and past practices including those of evidence and proof, and also medical and social understanding of mental order and incapacity. Bringing together previously disparate discussions on criminal responsibility from law, psychology, and philosophy, this book provides a close study of mental incapacity defences, analysing their development through historical cases to the modern era. It maps the shifting boundaries between normality and abnormality as constructed in law, arguing that ‘manifest madness’ — the distinct character of mental incapacity revealed by this interdisciplinary approach — has a broad significance for understanding the criminal law as a whole.

Subsidiaritätsklauseln im Strafverfahren

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950712 Year: Pages: 249 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-143 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-17 04:22:24
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Die Arbeit befasst sich mit dem bislang sehr wenig untersuchten System von Subsidiaritätsklauseln in strafprozessualen Eingriffsermächtigungen. Sie schildert die sukzessive Entstehung des Systems, nimmt eine aktuelle Bestandsaufnahme vor und geht dem Verhältnis der Subsidiaritätsklauseln zum Grundsatz der Verhältnismäßigkeit nach. Die Arbeit untersucht weiterhin den Bedeutungsgehalt der verschiedenen Subsidiaritätsklauseln sowie ihre Kollision bei Anwendung mehrerer subsidiärer Ermittlungsmaßnahmen. Am Ende fragt die Arbeit nach der Konsistenz des Systems und setzt sich in den Schlussfolgerungen mit der Praktikabilität und der Frage, ob das System seinem Anspruch gerecht geworden ist, kritisch auseinander.

The Role of Community-Mindedness in the Self-Regulation of Drug Cultures

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ISBN: 9789400738607 Year: Pages: 379 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-3861-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Psychology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-21 00:00:00
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This book analyzes heroin users and the drug subculture on the Shetland Islands, an area known for its geographical remoteness, rural character and relative wealth. It fills the scientific gap created by the conventional research in heroin research, which is usually conducted in urban areas and relies on treatment and prison populations. Based on qualitative, in-depth interviews with twenty-four heroin users, this book depicts and analyzes the nature and historical development of the local heroin scene. It illustrates the features and internal structures of the subculture, and it examines the manner in which both are influenced by the location-specific geographical, cultural and socio-economic conditions. It thus reveals complex causal associations that are hard to recognize in urban environments. Complete with a list of references used and recommendations for future research, this book is a vital tool for progressive and pragmatic approaches to policy, intervention and research in the field of illicit drug use.

Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780199697243 Year: DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Mathematics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:17
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Explaining Criminal Careers presents a simple quantitative theory of crime, conviction and reconviction, the assumptions of the theory are derived directly from a detailed analysis of cohort samples drawn from the “UK Home Office” Offenders Index (OI). Mathematical models based on the theory, together with population trends, are used to make: exact quantitative predictions of features of criminal careers; aggregate crime levels; the prison population; and to explain the age-crime curve, alternative explanations are shown not to be supported by the data. Previous research is reviewed, clearly identifying the foundations of the current work. Using graphical techniques to identify mathematical regularities in the data, recidivism (risk) and frequency (rate) of conviction are analysed and modelled. These models are brought together to identify three categories of offender: high-risk / high-rate, high-risk / low-rate and low-risk / low-rate. The theory is shown to rest on just 6 basic assumptions. Within this theoretical framework the seriousness of offending, specialisation or versatility in offence types and the psychological characteristics of offenders are all explored suggesting that the most serious offenders are a random sample from the risk/rate categories but that those with custody later in their careers are predominantly high-risk/high-rate. In general offenders are shown to be versatile rather than specialist and can be categorised using psychological profiles. The policy implications are drawn out highlighting the importance of conviction in desistance from crime and the absence of any additional deterrence effect of imprisonment. The use of the theory in evaluation of interventions is demonstrated.

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2012 (6)