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L'art des foules : Théories de la réception filmique comme phénomène collectif en France (1908-1930)

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ISBN: 9782757421604 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.septentrion.46052 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires du Septentrion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Chacun va au cinéma, aujourd'hui, avec le sentiment de vivre une expérience partagée, mais en même temps intime et singulière. La réception filmique ne fut pourtant pas toujours envisagée ainsi. Durant la période « muette », en France, elle était considérée comme un phénomène ressortissant aux lois de la psychologie collective. Les films ne s'adressaient pas à des individus mais à la foule. La foule était au centre des préoccupations d'une époque que Gustave Le Bon a baptisé d'« ère des foules ». Sa Psychologie des foules est demeurée l'emblème de la psychologie sociale naissante. Pourtant, la vision négative des foules qui s'y dessine ne fut pas la seule manière de concevoir ce phénomène. La foule est aussi apparue comme l'expression d'une volonté de renouveau du communautarisme et du spiritualisme, au sein d'un monde moderne qui s'orientait vers l'individualisme et le matérialisme. C'est par rapport à ces débats que des critiques, cinéastes et théoriciens (Canudo, Gance, Delluc, Epstein, L'Herbier, Moussinac, Faure) envisagèrent d'octroyer au cinéma un rôle capital. Ils voulurent que ce spectacle populaire devienne l'art des foules. Ce n'était qu'ainsi qu'il pouvait offrir aux foules des moments de communion et d'élévation spirituelle, et qu'en même temps, cette mission « religieuse » conférée à l'art par le romantisme serait sauvée. Il était donc destiné à prolonger les idéaux romantiques dans le monde moderne, tout en préparant la venue d'un homme nouveau capable de fusion psychique, voire de télépathie. Psychologies des foules, histoire de l'art, pacifisme, universalisme, socialisme, occultisme et sciences psychiques sont ici convoqués pour exhumer les enjeux idéologiques de cette grandiose et utopique théorisation du cinéma comme Septième Art et de la réception filmique comme phénomène collectif.

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réception --- film --- foule --- théorie du cinéma

Bourdieu and Literature

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ISBN: 9781906924430 Year: Pages: 203 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0027 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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Bourdieu and Literature is a wide-ranging, rigorous and accessible introduction to the relationship between Pierre Bourdieu's work and literary studies. It provides a comprehensive overview and critical assessment of his contributions to literary theory and his thinking about authors and literary works. One of the foremost French intellectuals of the post-war era, Bourdieu has become a standard point of reference in the fields of anthropology, linguistics, art history, cultural studies, politics, and sociology, but his longstanding interest in literature has often been overlooked. This study explores the impact of literature on Bourdieu's intellectual itinerary, and how his literary understanding intersected with his sociological theory and thinking about cultural policy. This is the first full-length study of Bourdieu's work on literature in English, and it provides an invaluable resource for students and scholars of literary studies, cultural theory and sociology.

Bourdieu and Literature

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ISBN: 9781906924447 Year: Pages: 203 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0027 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Arts in general --- Languages and Literatures --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-04 11:01:50
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Bourdieu and Literature is a wide-ranging, rigorous and accessible introduction to the relationship between Pierre Bourdieu's work and literary studies. It provides a comprehensive overview and critical assessment of his contributions to literary theory and his thinking about authors and literary works. One of the foremost French intellectuals of the post-war era, Bourdieu has become a standard point of reference in the fields of anthropology, linguistics, art history, cultural studies, politics, and sociology, but his longstanding interest in literature has often been overlooked. This study explores the impact of literature on Bourdieu's intellectual itinerary, and how his literary understanding intersected with his sociological theory and thinking about cultural policy. This is the first full-length study of Bourdieu's work on literature in English, and it provides an invaluable resource for students and scholars of literary studies, cultural theory and sociology.

Henry James's Europe: Heritage and Transfer

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ISBN: 9781906924379 Year: Pages: 316 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0013 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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As an American author who chose to live in Europe, Henry James frequently wrote about cultural differences between the Old and New World. The plight of bewildered Americans adrift on a sea of European sophistication became a regular theme in his fiction.This collection of twenty-four papers from some of the world’s leading James scholars offers a comprehensive picture of the author’s cross-cultural aesthetics. It provides detailed analyses of James’s perception of Europe—of its people and places, its history and culture, its artists and thinkers, its aesthetics and its ethics—which ultimately lead to a profound reevaluation of his writing.

Henry James's Europe

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ISBN: 9781906924386 Year: Pages: 316 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0013 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-04 11:01:51
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Abstract

As an American author who chose to live in Europe, Henry James frequently wrote about cultural differences between the Old and New World. The plight of bewildered Americans adrift on a sea of European sophistication became a regular theme in his fiction. This collection of twenty-four papers from some of the world’s leading James scholars offers a comprehensive picture of the author’s cross-cultural aesthetics. It provides detailed analyses of James’s perception of Europe—of its people and places, its history and culture, its artists and thinkers, its aesthetics and its ethics—which ultimately lead to a profound reevaluation of his writing.

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