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Plastidules to Humans - Leopoldo Maggi (1840-1905) and Ernst Haeckel´s naturalist philosophy in the Kingdom of Italy

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Book Series: Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology ISBN: 9783941875975 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.17875/gup2011-700 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sports Science --- Biology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-05 11:01:09
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The name DGGTB (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie; German Society for the History and Theory of Biology) reflects recent history as well as German tradition. The Society is a relatively late addition to a series of German societies of science and medicine that began with the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften«, founded in 1910 by Leipzig University's Karl Sudhoff (1853-1938), who wrote: »We want to establish a ,German' society in order to gather German-speaking historians together in our special disciplines so that they form the core of an international society...«. Yet Sudhoff, at this time of burgeoning academic internationalism, was »quite willing« to accommodate the wishes of a number of founding members and »drop the word German in the title of the Society and have it merge with an international society«. The founding and naming of the Society at that time derived from a specific set of historical circumstances, and the same was true some 80 years later when in 1991, in the wake of German reunification, the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie« was founded. From the start, the Society has been committed to bringing studies in the history and philosophy of biology to a wide audience, using for this purpose its Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie. Parallel to the Jahrbuch, the Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie has become the by now traditional medium for the publication of papers delivered at the Society's annual meetings. In 2005 the Jahrbuch was renamed Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology, reflecting the Society's internationalist aspirations in addressing comparative biology as a subject of historical and philosophical studies.

Abiotic Stress Response in Plants - Physiological, Biochemical and Genetic Perspectives

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ISBN: 9789533076720 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.5772/1762 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Plants, unlike animals, are sessile. This demands that adverse changes in their environment are quickly recognized, distinguished and responded to with suitable reactions. Drought, heat, cold and salinity are among the major abiotic stresses that adversely affect plant growth and productivity. In general, abiotic stress often causes a series of morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular changes that unfavorably affect plant growth, development and productivity. Drought, salinity, extreme temperatures (cold and heat) and oxidative stress are often interrelated; these conditions singularly or in combination induce cellular damage. To cope with abiotic stresses, of paramount significance is to understand plant responses to abiotic stresses that disturb the homeostatic equilibrium at cellular and molecular level in order to identify a common mechanism for multiple stress tolerance. This multi authored edited compilation attempts to put forth an all-inclusive biochemical and molecular picture in a systems approach wherein mechanism and adaptation aspects of abiotic stress are dealt with. The chief objective of the book hence is to deliver state of the art information for comprehending the effects of abiotic stress in plants at the cellular level.

Aflatoxins - Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

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ISBN: 9789533073958 Year: Pages: 480 DOI: 10.5772/896 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Aflatoxins - Biochemistry and Molecular Biology is a book that has been thought to present the most significant advances in these disciplines focused on the knowledge of such toxins. All authors, who supported the excellent work showed in every chapter of this book, are placed at the frontier of knowledge on this subject, thus, this book will be obligated reference to issue upon its publication. Finally, this book has been published in an attempt to present a written forum for researchers and teachers interested in the subject, having a current picture in this field of research about these interesting and intriguing toxins.

Pesticides - Strategies for Pesticides Analysis

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ISBN: 9789533074603 Year: Pages: 418 DOI: 10.5772/565 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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This book provides recent information on various analytical procedures and techniques, representing strategies for reliability, specificity, selectivity and sensitivity improvements in pesticides analysis. The volume covers three main topics: current trends in sample preparation, selective and sensitive chromatographic detection and determination of pesticides residues in food and environmental samples, and biological (immunoassays-and biosensors-based) methods application in pesticides analysis as an alternative to the chromatographic methods for ""in situ"" and ""on line"" pesticides quantification. Intended as electronic edition, providing an immediate ""open access"" to its content, the book is easy to follow and will be of interest to the professionals involved in pesticides analysis.

Pesticides - The Impacts of Pesticides Exposure

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ISBN: 9789533075310 Year: Pages: 460 DOI: 10.5772/1003 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Pesticides are supposed to complete their intended function without ""any unreasonable risk to man or the environment"". Pesticides approval and registration are performed ""taking into account the economic, social and environmental costs and benefits of the use of any pesticide"". The present book documents the various adverse impacts of pesticides usage: pollution, dietary intake and health effects such as birth defects, neurological disorders, cancer and hormone disruption. Risk assessment methods and the involvement of molecular modeling to the knowledge of pesticides are highlighted, too. The volume summarizes the expertise of leading specialists from all over the world.

Herbicides, Theory and Applications

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ISBN: 9789533079752 Year: Pages: 624 DOI: 10.5772/1430 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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The content selected in Herbicides, Theory and Applications is intended to provide researchers, producers and consumers of herbicides an overview of the latest scientific achievements. Although we are dealing with many diverse and different topics, we have tried to compile this ""raw material"" into three major sections in search of clarity and order - Weed Control and Crop Management, Analytical Techniques of Herbicide Detection and Herbicide Toxicity and Further Applications. The editors hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the methodology of use of herbicides, weed control as well as problems related to its use, abuse and misuse.

Soybean - Molecular Aspects of Breeding

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ISBN: 9789533072401 Year: Pages: 528 DOI: 10.5772/1953 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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The book Soybean: Molecular Aspects of Breeding focuses on recent progress in our understanding of the genetics and molecular biology of soybean and provides a broad review of the subject, from genome diversity to transformation and integration of desired genes using current technologies. This book is divided into four parts (Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Breeding for Abiotic Stress, Breeding for Biotic Stress, Recent Technology) and contains 22 chapters.

Abiotic Stress in Plants - Mechanisms and Adaptations

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789533073941 Year: Pages: 442 DOI: 10.5772/895 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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World population is growing at an alarming rate and is anticipated to reach about six billion by the end of year 2050. On the other hand, agricultural productivity is not increasing at a required rate to keep up with the food demand. The reasons for this are water shortages, depleting soil fertility and mainly various abiotic stresses. The fast pace at which developments and novel findings that are recently taking place in the cutting edge areas of molecular biology and basic genetics, have reinforced and augmented the efficiency of science outputs in dealing with plant abiotic stresses. In depth understanding of the stresses and their effects on plants is of paramount importance to evolve effective strategies to counter them. This book is broadly dived into sections on the stresses, their mechanisms and tolerance, genetics and adaptation, and focuses on the mechanic aspects in addition to touching some adaptation features. The chief objective of the book hence is to deliver state of the art information for comprehending the nature of abiotic stress in plants. We attempted here to present a judicious mixture of outlooks in order to interest workers in all areas of plant sciences.

Pesticides in the Modern World - Pests Control and Pesticides Exposure and Toxicity Assessment

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ISBN: 9789533074573 Year: Pages: 628 DOI: 10.5772/948 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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The present book is a collection of selected original research articles and reviews providing adequate and up-to-date information related to pesticides control, assessment, and toxicity. The first section covers a large spectrum of issues associated with the ecological, molecular, and biotechnological approaches to the understanding of the biological control, the mechanism of the biocontrol agents action, and the related effects. Second section provides recent information on biomarkers currently used to evaluate pesticide exposure, effects, and genetic susceptibility of a number of organisms. Some antioxidant enzymes and vitamins as biochemical markers for pesticide toxicity are examined. The inhibition of the cholinesterases as a specific biomarker for organophosphate and carbamate pesticides is commented, too. The third book section addresses to a variety of pesticides toxic effects and related issues including: the molecular mechanisms involved in pesticides-induced toxicity, fish histopathological, physiological, and DNA changes provoked by pesticides exposure, anticoagulant rodenticides mode of action, the potential of the cholinesterase inhibiting organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides, the effects of pesticides on bumblebee, spiders and scorpions, the metabolic fate of the pesticide-derived aromatic amines, etc.

Pesticides in the Modern World - Risks and Benefits

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ISBN: 9789533074580 Year: Pages: 574 DOI: 10.5772/949 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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This book is a compilation of 29 chapters focused on: pesticides and food production, environmental effects of pesticides, and pesticides mobility, transport and fate. The first book section addresses the benefits of the pest control for crop protection and food supply increasing, and the associated risks of food contamination. The second book section is dedicated to the effects of pesticides on the non-target organisms and the environment such as: effects involving pollinators, effects on nutrient cycling in ecosystems, effects on soil erosion, structure and fertility, effects on water quality, and pesticides resistance development. The third book section furnishes numerous data contributing to the better understanding of the pesticides mobility, transport and fate. The addressed in this book issues should attract the public concern to support rational decisions to pesticides use.

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2011 (16)