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Teaching ethics in organ transplantation and tissue donation - cases and movies

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ISBN: 9783941875401 Year: Pages: 88 DOI: 10.17875/gup2010-395 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Organ transplantation is a thrilling new option for modern surgery giving hope for chronically ill patients, and, at the same time, stirring controversial ethical questions on human identity and the meaning of the human body. Being a global and transnational endeavor, organ transplantation raises universal ethical concerns and, yet, has to be adapted to culturally mediated believes. In this book, 30 case studies collected from all over the world illustrate the range of global and local, ethical, social, and cultural problems associated with this new form of treatment. Together with a list of relevant movies, the collection provides a unique resource for ethics education in medicine, health care, philosophy, and religious studies. The authors have completed the teaching material by a systematic introduction into the field of transplantation ethics.

Tissue Engineering

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ISBN: 9789533070797 Year: Pages: 536 DOI: 10.5772/189 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:08

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The Tissue Engineering approach has major advantages over traditional organ transplantation and circumvents the problem of organ shortage. Tissues that closely match the patient’s needs can be reconstructed from readily available biopsies and subsequently be implanted with minimal or no immunogenicity. This eventually conquers several limitations encountered in tissue transplantation approaches. This book serves as a good starting point for anyone interested in the application of Tissue Engineering. It offers a colorful mix of topics, which explain the obstacles and possible solutions for TE applications.

The Mystery of Yawning in Physiology and Disease

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ISBN: 9783805594042 9783805594059 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Karger Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102999
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-26 11:24:34
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Yawning is a stereotyped phylogenetically ancient phenomenon that occurs in almost all vertebrates. As an emotional behavior and an expressive movement, yawning has many consequences; nevertheless, it has so far been poorly addressed in medical research and practice. Bringing together the latest research from many fields, this volume integrates current insights within embryology, ethology, neurophysiology, psychology, fMRI and pathology. The phylogenetic and ontogenetic aspects of yawning offer an interesting perspective on human development, and its occurrence in neurological diseases - an area explored by only a few investigators - may provide useful clinical information. This book will make valuable and fascinating reading to neurologists, sleep specialists, psychologists, ethologists and pharmacologists, as well as to anybody interested in uncovering the mystery of yawning.

Personalized Nutrition

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ISBN: 9783805594271 9783805594288 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Karger Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103003
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-26 11:24:34
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Awareness of the influence of our genetic variation to dietary response (nutrigenetics) and how nutrients may affect gene expression (nutrigenomics) is prompting a revolution in the field of nutrition. Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics provide powerful approaches to unravel the complex relationships among nutritional molecules, genetic variants and the biological system. This publication contains selected papers from the ‘3rd Congress of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics’ held in Bethesda, Md., in October 2009. The contributions address frontiers in nutrigenetics, nutrigenomics, epigenetics, transcriptomics as well as non-coding RNAs and posttranslational gene regulations in various diseases and conditions. In addition to scientific studies, the challenges and opportunities facing governments, academia and the industry are included.

Critical Care Physiology

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ISBN: 9781607852070 Year: Language: English
Publisher: MPublishing
Subject: Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 15:10:26
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From the preface: “Critical Care Physiology, as the companion piece to The Michigan Critical Care Handbook…provides the explanations, references, methods, and other supportive information to flesh out the essentials presented in the handbook. Critical Care Physiology is limited to discussion of four organ systems (cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and neurologic) and four topics in integrative physiology (oxygen kinetics, fluids and electrolytes, host defenses, and metabolism and nutrition).”

The Michigan Critical Care Handbook

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Book Series: Critical Climate Change ISBN: 160785208X 9781607852087 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: MPublishing
Subject: Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-08 09:14:14
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From the introduction: “[The Michigan Critical Care Handbook] is truly a handbook. It contains no prose, only charts, tables, diagrams, and algorithms necessary for monitoring and managing critically ill patients. Background, discussion, and detailed references are presented in the Critical Care Physiology text.”

Franz von Ottenthal (1818–1899)

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ISBN: 9783205784609 Year: Pages: 310 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437185 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4127
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:23
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Dr. Franz von Ottenthal served as a General Practitioner in Sand, in the South Tyrolean Tauferer Ahrntal from 1847 to 1899, over a period lasting more than 50 years. From 1861 until 1882, in a period of great regional and imperial tensions, he even was member of the Tyrolean Landtag (diet).
In 1837/8 he began his medical studies at the University of Vienna, where important physicians from the "Zweite Wiener Medizinische Schule" like Carl von Rokitansky, Joseph Skoda and Philipp Semmelweis were teaching.


Ottenthal worked as a medical expert in Windisch-Matrei (East Tyrol) for almost two years. Then he went back home and became a General Practitioner in Neumelans, the residence of his family.


This biography treats particularly the career as a physician, his engagement in the medical service and the difficulties during the collaboration with medical authorities. On the other side it contains further an analysis of the medical records and the letters of his patients for a better patient view. Further this biography discusses open questions like medical development, fees, properties of a noble rural physicians in the second part of the 19 century and the competition with other physicians and healers. A big space is dedicated to the treatment of mental illness. Ottenthal wasn't a 'psychiatrist', but he was as well responsible for the care and the treatment of persons with mental disease. With a report by a physician began - crossing a lot of other institutions - the way in the asylum.


The Ottenthal family, whose everyday life has tried to be reconstructed along private correspondence, is a typical example of a family from the second part of the 19th century between nobility and bourgeoisie characterized on the one hand by qualification, know-how and a lucrative job and on the other by a nobility title, fortune and landed property.
Franz von Ottenthal wasn't a famous physician like Rudolf Virchow, Robert Koch or Carl von Rokitansky. Nevertheless he was a modern, political engaged, self-confident practitioner and he is a very good example for the fusion of nobility and bourgeoisie in a rural life of the 19th century.


This publication should be a contribution to the exploration of rural medical practice, which is little known and often poor of sources. It will even be a starting-point for further comparative studies of other medical biographies and legacies.

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