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In Search of Meaning

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Book Series: EUKLID : Europäische Kultur und Ideengeschichte. Studien ISBN: 9783866442184 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 168 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_422396 Language: German
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Philosophy --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-07-29 10:36:30
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The essays collected in this volume explore some of the themes that have been at the centre of recent debates within Wittgensteinian scholarship. In opposition to what we are tentatively inclined to think, the articles of this volume invite us to understand that our need to grasp the essence of ethical and religious thought and language will not be achieved by metaphysical theories expounded from such a point of view, but by focusing on our everyday forms of expression.

Das Bewusstsein der Krise

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Book Series: Edition Moderne Postmoderne ISBN: 9783839412183 Year: Pages: 598 DOI: 10.14361/9783839412183 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:10
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Marx und Nietzsche sind die exponierten Gestalten der nachidealistischen Philosophie, deren gemeinsame Substanz das Bewusstsein der Krise von Geist und Gesellschaft ist. Vor dem Hintergrund einer ausführlichen ideengeschichtlichen Rekonstruktion der Genesis des Denkens von Marx und Nietzsche eruiert dieses Buch systematisch die jeweiligen Theoriekerne und bringt sie dialektisch miteinander ins Spiel: Marx' Kritik der Verkehrung der Freiheit trifft auf Nietzsches tragische Aufklärung - eine notwendige Begegnung für die Möglichkeit einer aktuellen politischen Theorie der universellen und reflexiven Emanzipation des Nichtidentischen.

La dottrina costituzionale di Sieyès

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Book Series: Strumenti per la didattica e la ricerca ISBN: 9788884534712 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_341476 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Law --- Political Science --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The reception and popularity of the work of Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès has gone through different and erratic phases. Nonetheless, in recent years there has been a remarkable revival of interest in the Abbé's thought. This book is intended to exploit this Sieyès-renaissance, proposing a reconstruction of the constitutional doctrine of the abbot in the light of the latest interpretative acquisitions. The guiding thread of the analysis is the acknowledgement that, underlying the main political-constitutional proposals of Sieyès, we can glimpse a profoundly rationalist philosophical substructure. After presenting the nucleus of this philosophical approach, the book proceeds to shed light on the coherence linking the main constitutional structures upon which the abbot was working in the course of the early years of the Revolution. It focuses in particular on the concepts that contributed to make up the basic grammar of modern and liberal constitutionalism: representation, citizenship, constituent power, rights of man, the division of the powers and the control of constitutionality. The idea is that, by pursuing this approach, it is possible to arrive at an overall picture of the constitutional doctrine of the abbot that reflects both its systematic quality and its originality.

Selbsterkenntnis und Lebensform

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Book Series: Edition Moderne Postmoderne ISBN: 9783839409251 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.14361/9783839409251 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:10
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Die sprachliche und soziale Natur der Erkenntnis ist eine Grundeinsicht der Moderne. Doch welchen Spielraum lässt sie noch der Kritik, der distanzierten Prüfung der eigenen Sprache und Lebensform? Vor dem Hintergrund des Werkes Stanley Cavells fragt dieses Buch nach dem Verhältnis von Lebensform und Selbsterkenntnis. In ungewohnter Weise liest es Wittgenstein und Foucault als komplementäre Antwortstrategien auf dieses Grundproblem: Philosophie muss als eine »Arbeit an sich« (Wittgenstein), als körperliche »Selbsttechnik« (Foucault) verstanden werden. Nicht ethische Programmatik, so kann gezeigt werden, sondern systematische Konsequenz führt zu einer Engführung von Philosophie und Lebenspraxis.

Punkt, Punkt, Komma, Strich?

Authors: ---
Book Series: Edition Moderne Postmoderne ISBN: 9783839409886 Year: Pages: 252 DOI: 10.14361/9783839409886 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:10
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Weshalb ziehen das Komma bei Kant oder das Ausrufezeichen bei Foucault nicht dasselbe Interesse auf sich wie der Gedankenstrich bei Kleist oder die Auslassungspunkte bei Schnitzler? Entgegen der Selbstverständlichkeit literaturwissenschaftlicher Interpretation, der zufolge jedes Zeichen die Sinnkonstruktion eines Textes mitträgt, erfahren Satzzeichen in der philosophischen Auslegung wenig Aufmerksamkeit. Entlang einzelner Beispiele schärfen die Beiträge dieses Bandes den Blick für das philologische Detail und zeigen, wie Satzzeichen nicht nur an der Entfaltung des rhetorischen Repertoires philosophischer Textpraxis konstitutiv beteiligt sind. Das aufmerksame Close Reading wird dabei für die philosophische Lektüre überraschend fruchtbar.

Der Rahmen der Rechtsgewohnheiten

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ISBN: 9783205782919 Year: Pages: 602 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437176 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4032
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:14
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"The Frame of Legal Customs" ("Der Rahmen der Rechtsgewohnheiten") attempts to interchange results from two scientific disciplines, legal theory and legal history for the middle ages. The first part describes the present and in the sphere of legal theory not unypical view of law as a system of norms as introduced by theorists like Hans Kelsen ore H.L.A. Hart. Main target of criticism is the concept of law as provided by legal positivism, pointing out the problems of the logic of norms and the speech-act-theoretical background of this concept. The second part shows the inadequacy of the modern concept of law – which faces law as system of norms – for the situation of the early middle ages, when law was practiced in judicial assemblies in a strict oral manner without the common use of written texts. Results of German legal history which assume a more differentiated structure of legal thinking (based on incompatible categories of law: "recht", "Gebot", "Willkür") instead of one comprehensive notion of law, are discussed. The third part is dedicated to the close examination of the concept of law of three of the most important legal historians in Germany (Karl Kroeschell, Gerhard Dilcher, Jürgen Weitzel). The fourth and last part offers an alternative approach to the problem, how legal thinking and legal practice can be understood in premodern societies. It starts at the fundamental criticism of legal positivism, which can be found in the work of Ronald Dworkin ("law as integrity") and earlier at Carl Schmitts concept of concrete order ("Konkretes Ordnungsdenken"). The correlation between the role of legal rules, decisions and orders is discussed within the proposed theoretical frame. Finally the notion of order-configurations ("Ordnungskonfigurationen"), which has been brought into discussion by Stefan Weinfurter, is compared to the concept of law as a form of concrete order as developed in the text. A text of Adalbero of Laon and the letters of pope Gregory VII are interpreted as an illustrating example (and implicit criticism on Weinfurter's specific use of sociological functionalism) using the proposed alternative categories

Homme et animal, la question des frontières

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782759203239 9782759203222 9782759209835 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0323-9 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:33
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"Some arguments today lead us to question the singularity of man. From the point of view of psychological identity and cognitive performances, the difference between the great apes and man is not a question of nature but only a question of degree. Biology also considers the distinctions between man and animals as differences in nature and not differences between nature and culture. At the ethical level, animals have been instrumentalised as a result of the different ways in which we appropriate them. In addition to this, wild species are threatened today because of industrial development. Taken together, these factors lead some to consider that a true moral or legal solidarity should exist between human and animal life forms. This multidisciplinary collection addresses the entire range of these problems. Written by philosophers, ethologists, sociologists and biologists, it is intended for students and specialists in the fields addressed here and to all readers interested in this question."

An Bord der Bauhaus

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Book Series: Kultur- und Medientheorie ISBN: 9783839411049 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.14361/9783839411049 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:21
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Was bedeutet uns »das Bauhaus« heute - im Nachspann der Postmoderne unter den Bedingungen von Globalisierung, weltweitem Daten- und Kapitalaustausch, medialer Vernetzung, Umkodierung von Nationalgrenzen, Weltmigration und ebensolchen planetarischen Entwicklungen, die sich in der Gründungszeit der modernen Weltbaubewegung gerade erst abzuzeichnen begannen? Der Band inszeniert »das Bauhaus« als eine Doppelfigur, die der Immobilie, dem Haus, der Bleibe und dem Bauen ebenso verpflichtet ist wie der Mobilität, dem Reisen, dem Exil und der Heimatlosigkeit, wofür die Figur eines Schiffes namens »Bauhaus« steht.

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2009 (8)