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Kindesschutz bei Kindeswohlgefährdung - neue Mittel und Wege? - 6. Göttinger Workshop zum Familienrecht

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ISBN: 9783940344304 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2008-171 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Abstract

This volume contains a collection of papers of a October 2007 Göttingen workshop on family law, the upcoming changes of child’s welfare by the state in the context of the draft law of the Federal Government to "Facilitate Family Court measures in case of endangered child’s welfare.

Au-pair: Von der Kulturträgerin zum Dienstmädchen

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ISBN: 9783205781820 Year: Pages: 355 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437161 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3961
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:59
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Since the 1970s, highly educated families in Austria have employed Au-pairs for taking care of their children. Why have these families preferred Au-pairs to kindergartens with qualified teachers? Were Au-pairs just a flexible substitute or did they have additional functions in the family? Which social and political climate has favoured this private form of childcare?

The empirical basis of the work was the documentation of one of the major Austrian Au-pair agencies for the period 1978 - 2000, particularly 298 self-descriptions from guest families and the agency´s annual reports. The material was supplemented by interviews with ten guest families and by interviews with two experts. Thus is possible to analyze the socio-demographic characteristics of guest-families in Vienna and its suburbs, their motivations for taking Au-pairs, and their expectations.

The findings indicate that Au-pairs usually serve several roles within the families: for instance, one very important role is to "double" mothers in order to free their minds to continue their social and work life. The pair system is also discussed in view of its two historic threads: one is a long European "education abroad" tradition for rather upper class children. The other thread is a "work-migration" tradition for lower class childs that had to go to cities to work as domestic servants. Which of the two traditions dominates the Au-pair market depends on the economic situation of the countries from which the Au-pairs come. Consequently, the economic and political changes around 1989 in Eastern Europe have had major impacts on the characteristics of Au-pair jobs in Austria 

Umwege zum eigenen Kind - Ethische und rechtliche Herausforderungen an die Reproduktionsmedizin 30 Jahre nach Louise Brown

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ISBN: 9783940344465 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2008-33 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Abstract

Even 30 years after the birth of the first "artificially produced baby Louise Brown in 1978, the desire for a child remains unfulfilled for many couples. Their hopes are to modern techniques of assisted reproduction. Reproductive medicine has since made enormous progress and opens up new opportunities. With these opportunities, however, are also linked new challenges, their moral and legal implications are considerable.

Keywords

retort --- child --- birth --- parents --- in vitro fertilization --- medicine

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