Search results: Found 8

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by
Textos hipocráticos: o doente, o médico e a doença

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788575413753 Year: Pages: 252 DOI: 10.7476/9788575413753 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-02 11:56:29
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

A obra apresenta pela primeira vez e na íntegra, alguns dos mais importantes tratados recolhidos sob o nome de Hipócrates na coleção de textos gregos chamados Corpus Hippcraticum. Os tratados escolhidos apresentam importantes conceitos e preceitos desenvolvidos há mais de dois milênios e que, até hoje, estão presentes na prática médica ocidental. O leitor encontra textos sobre a importância da medicina hipocrática, tratados deontológicos, que estabeleceram os alicerces práticos da ética médica, e sobre o universo da prática médica antiga.

Keywords

PHILOSOPHY

Cultural Revolutions

Author:
ISBN: 9780271025247 9780271030241 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_625750 Language: English
Publisher: Penn State University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100091
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-18 11:01:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Cultural Revolutions argues that reason itself is cultural, but no less reasonable for it. Lawrence Cahoone systematically defines culture and gauges the consequences of the ineradicably cultural nature of cognition and action, yet argues that none of this implies relativism. Cahoone offers a definition of culture as teleologically organized practices, artifacts, and narratives and analyzes the notion of cultural membership in relation to race, ethnicity, and “primordialism.” He provides a theory of culture’s role in how we form our sense of reality and argues that the proper conception of culture dissolves “the problem” of cultural relativism. 

Applying this perspective to Islamic fundamentalism, Cahoone identifies its conflict with the West as representing the break between two of three historically distinctive forms of reason. Rather than being “irrational,” he shows, fundamentalism embodies a rationality only recently devalued—but not entirely abandoned—by the West.

Keywords

Philosophy

After Confucius

Author:
ISBN: 9780824828424 9780824873998 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_625891 Language: English
Publisher: University of Hawai'i / Hawai‘i Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100425
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-01 16:09:38
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

After Confucius is a collection of eight studies of Chinese philosophy from the time of Confucius to the formation of the empire in the second and third centuries B.C.E. As detailed in a masterful introduction, each essay serves as a concrete example of “thick description”—an approach invented by philosopher Gilbert Ryle—which aims to reveal the logic that informs an observable exchange among members of a community or society. To grasp the significance of such exchanges, it is necessary to investigate the networks of meaning on which they rely. Paul R. Goldin argues that the character of ancient Chinese philosophy can be appreciated only if we recognize the cultural codes underlying the circulation of ideas in that world. Thick description is the best preliminary method to determine how Chinese thinkers conceived of their own enterprise.

Keywords

Philosophy

Inside the Politics of Technology

Author:
ISBN: 9789053567562 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.5117/9789053567562 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Philosophy --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Man is the measure of all things, an old saying goes. But it is a bad guide for understanding scientific and technological culture. Science and technology are not simply the means to reach human ends; they also actively shape human beings, their goals, meanings and social relations. This volume discusses the implications of this so-called 'co-production' of science, technology and society for our analytical as well as normative ideas about humanity, technology and the relations between both. Addressing issues such as cancer genetics, prenatal screening and ecological consequences of traffic and transport, contributors argue that technology has its own kind of sub-politics, which in turn calls for policies of technology: from steering and regulation to scenario studies, in order to achieve democratisation of technology.

Keywords

philosophy --- filosofie

Kierkegaard's Romantic Legacy

Author:
Book Series: Philosophica ISBN: 9780776606163 9780776616179 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627420 Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100665
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-05 11:01:53
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In Kierkegaard's Romantic Legacy, Anoop Gupta develops an original theory of the self based on Kierkegaard's writings. Gupta proceeds by historical exegesis and considers several important ways of thinking about self outside of the natural sciences. His study moves theories of the self from theology toward sociology, from a God-relationship to a social one, and illustrates how a loss in theological underpinnings partly contributes to the rise in the popularity of cultural relativism. By drawing on Kierkegaard's writings, Gupta develops a metaphysical account of the self that provides an alternative to the idea that there is no such thing as human nature.

Dimensionen der Erziehung und Bildung

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783938616000 3938616008 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2005-67 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Central historical, biographical and school-related aspects of formation and education are brought together in this work to point to the diversity of educational sciences. Tradition and innovation are recurrent themes in all the articles. As Friedrich Schleiermacher puts it in his understanding of generations as constituent aspect of pedagogy itself: only who fathoms the tradition and who is aware of the tradition will be able to be innovative – and only an innovative person is able to recognize tradition.Central historical, biographical and school-related aspects of formation and education are brought together in this work to point to the diversity of educational sciences. Tradition and innovation are recurrent themes in all the articles. As Friedrich Schleiermacher puts it in his understanding of generations as constituent aspect of pedagogy itself: only who fathoms the tradition and who is aware of the tradition will be able to be innovative – and only an innovative person is able to recognize tradition.

Unbestimmtheitssignaturen der Technik

Authors: ---
Book Series: Edition panta rei ISBN: 9783839403518 9783899423518 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.14361/9783839403518 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:10
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Nicht dass eine fundamentale Ungewissheit nicht immer schon zum Leben dazu gehört hätte oder eine mehr oder weniger konstante und universelle Bedingung menschlicher Existenz gewesen wäre, erscheint als Problem, sondern - dass mit der Erfahrung einer Zunahme von Unbestimmtheit auch eine mit der Gesellschaft vernetzte Tech nik davon betroffen und in den Verunsicherungsprozess einbezogen ist; - dass gesellschaftliche Freiheits- und Optionsgewinne mit nach haltigen Orientierungsverlusten Hand in Hand gehen; - dass die technowissenschaftliche Erzeugung von Wissen neuartige Zonen des Nichtwissens mit hervorbringt; - dass wir nicht wissen können, was wir eigentlich tun sollen und - dass der Umgang mit diesem Faktum die Startbedingung für eine zeitgemäß-unzeitgemäße Philosophie der Technik darstellt. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes (u.a. von Dreyfus, Dupuy, Hörning, Hubig, Nordmann und Willke) gehen nicht nur den unterschiedlichen Aspekten dieser Entwicklung nach. Sie unternehmen auch den Versuch, die sozio-technischen Bestimmungsversuche und Vereindeutigungsstrategien abzuschätzen, die in einer radikal modernen Welt durch die Aufgabe einer »Selbstfestlegung im Unbestimmten« (Luhmann) immer aufs Neue herausgefordert werden.

Zwischen Anthropologie und Gesellschaftstheorie

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Edition panta rei ISBN: 9783839403198 9783899423198 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.14361/9783839403198 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:10
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Trotz seiner bedeutenden Beiträge zur Philosophischen Anthropologie und Sozialphilosophie ist das Denken Helmuth Plessners noch immer nicht ausgeschöpft. Dabei bieten seine Überlegungen zur exzentrischen Positionalität, zu Macht und menschlicher Natur, zu Ethik und Politik außerordentlich produktive Anschlüsse an heutige Debatten. Sie zeigen sich sowohl in Bezug auf ein gesellschaftskritisches Denken als auch im Blick auf »den Menschen« nach seinem viel beschworenen Ende. Gerade vor dem Hintergrund der Diskussionen um die Lebenswissenschaften und die neueren Biotechnologien sind seine Konzepte hochaktuell. Die Beiträge von G. Gamm, J. Fischer, G. Lindemann u.a. unternehmen den Versuch, Plessners Denken für die Philosophie, aber auch für die Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften fruchtbar zu machen.

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by
-->