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Securitization of Islam: A Vicious Circle

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Book Series: Globaler lokaler Islam ISBN: 9783837629040 9783839429044 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839429044 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103318
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Abstract

Diverse Islamic groups have triggered a "revival of Islam" in Central Asia in the last decades. As a result, there has been a general securitization of Islam by the governments: not only do they combat the terrorist Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan but also outlaw popular groups such as the Gülen movement. However, strong repression of religion might lead to radicalization. Kathrin Lenz-Raymann tests this hypothesis with an agent-based computer simulation and enriches her study with interviews with international experts, leaders of political Islam and representatives of folk Islam. She concludes that ensuring religious rights is essential for national security.

Ethnicity as a Political Resource

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Book Series: Global Studies ISBN: 9783839430132 9783837630138 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.14361/9783839430132 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 11:01:46
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How is ethnicity viewed by scholars of different academic disciplines? Can its emergences be compared in various regions of the world? How can it be conceptualized with specific reference to distinct historical periods? This book shows in a uniquely and innovative way the broad range of approaches to the political uses of ethnicity, both in contemporary settings and from a historical perspective. Its scope is multidisciplinary and spans across the globe. It is a suitable resource for teaching material. With its short contributions, it conveys central points of how to understand and analyze ethnicity as a political resource.

Buddhist Approaches to Human Rights

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ISBN: 9783839412633 9783837612639 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.14361/9783839412633 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:11
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The demonstrations of monks in Tibet and Myanmar (Burma) in recent times as well as the age-old conflict between a predominantly Buddhist population and a Hindu minority in Sri Lanka raise the question of how the issues of human rights and Buddhism are related. The question applies both to the violation of basic rights in Buddhist countries and to the defence of those rights which are well-grounded in Buddhist teachings. The volume provides academic essays that reflect this up to now rather neglected issue from the point of view of the three main Buddhist traditions, Theravada, Mahayana and Vajrayana. It provides multi-faceted and surprising insights into a rather unlikely relationship.

Der Palmölboom in Indonesien

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837647570 9783839447574 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839447574 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104772
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-16 11:21:03
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Was haben Handcreme, Tiefkühlpizza und Waschmittel gemeinsam? Richtig: Sie enthalten Palmöl – wie bereits die Hälfte aller Supermarktprodukte. Doch wodurch wurde der atemberaubende Palmölboom mit seinen verheerenden sozialen und ökologischen Folgen in den Produktionsländern ausgelöst? Alina Brad untersucht die politischen und ökonomischen Triebkräfte, die den Aufstieg Indonesiens zum weltweit führenden Palmölproduzenten ermöglichten. Ausgehend von den historischen und polit-ökonomischen Bedingungen entschlüsselt sie das komplexe Geflecht von Interessen und Konflikten um Landkontrolle und Inwertsetzung im indonesischen Palmölsektor.

Dimensions of Locality

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Book Series: Globaler lokaler Islam ISBN: 9783839409688 9783899429688 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.14361/9783839409688 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:06
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As a world religion Islam is based on a highly abstract and absolute notion of the transcendent, which its followers establish and celebrate - in a seemingly contradictory fashion - at very specific sites: Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, and the vast and complex landscapes of mosques and Muslim saints' shrines around the world. Sacred locality has thus become a paradigm for the relationship between the human and the transcendent, a model for urban planning, regional networks, imaginary spaces, and spiritual hierarchies alike. This importance of saintly places has, however, become increasingly complicated and troubled by reformist currents within Islam, on the one hand, and the emergence of modern archeology and anthropology, on the other. While they have often tended to posit 'the local' in opposition to 'the universal', in this volume islamologists, anthropologists, and sociologists offer new ways of thinking about the local, the place, and the conceptual landscapes and spaces of saints. In this, its eighth volume, the Yearbook for the Sociology of Islam looks at different sites and regions around the Muslim world (notably Burkina Faso, Egypt, Ethiopia, and Southeast Asia) not as 'localized' versions of a universal Islam, but as constitutive of one particular outlook of the universalizing order of a world religion.

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