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Surrender: How the Clinton Administration Completed the Reagan Revolution

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ISBN: 9780472900732 9780472109524 9780472086764 Year: Pages: 401 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.15199 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-09 11:21:11
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Illuminates recent national economic policy and warns against the single-minded commitment to balance the federal budget. The paperback edition features a new preface and afterword

Campaign Finance and Political Polarization: When Purists Prevail

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ISBN: 9780472900039 9780472072996 9780472052998 Year: Pages: 209 DOI: 10.3998/ump.13855466.0001.001 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-09 11:21:15
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Efforts to reform the U.S. campaign finance system typically focus on the corrupting influence of large contributions. Yet, as Raymond J. La Raja and Brian F. Schaffner argue, reforms aimed at cutting the flow of money into politics have unintentionally favored candidates with extreme ideological agendas and, consequently, fostered political polarization. Drawing on data from 50 states and the U.S. Congress over 20 years, La Raja and Schaffner reveal that current rules allow wealthy ideological groups and donors to dominate the financing of political campaigns. In order to attract funding, candidates take uncompromising positions on key issues and, if elected, take their partisan views into the legislature. As a remedy, the authors propose that additional campaign money be channeled through party organizations—rather than directly to candidates—because these organizations tend to be less ideological than the activists who now provide the lion’s share of money to political candidates. Shifting campaign finance to parties would ease polarization by reducing the influence of “purist” donors with their rigid policy stances. La Raja and Schaffner conclude the book with policy recommendations for campaign finance in the United States. They are among the few non-libertarians who argue that less regulation, particularly for political parties, may in fact improve the democratic process.

The Taiwan Voter

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Book Series: New Comparative Politics ISBN: 9780472123032 9780472073535 9780472053537 Year: Pages: 325 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.9375036 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-09 11:21:16
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The Taiwan Voter examines the critical role ethnic and national identities play in politics, utilizing the case of Taiwan. Although elections there often raise international tensions, and have led to military demonstrations by China, no scholarly books have examined how Taiwan’s voters make electoral choices in a dangerous environment. Critiquing the conventional interpretation of politics as an ideological battle between liberals and conservatives, The Taiwan Voter demonstrates in Taiwan the party system and voters’ responses are shaped by one powerful determinant of national identity—the China factor. Taiwan’s electoral politics draws international scholarly interest because of the prominent role of ethnic and national identification. While in most countries the many tangled strands of competing identities are daunting for scholarly analysis, in Taiwan the cleavages are powerful and limited in number, so the logic of interrelationships among issues, partisanship, and identity are particularly clear. The Taiwan Voter unites experts to investigate the ways in which social identities, policy views, and partisan preferences intersect and influence each other. These novel findings have wide applicability to other countries, and will be of interest to a broad range of social scientists interested in identity politics.

American Power and International Theory at the Council on Foreign Relations, 1953-54

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ISBN: 9780472901227 9780472131716 Year: Pages: 311 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.11301034 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-15 11:21:03
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Between December 1953 and June 1954, the elite think-tank the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) joined prominent figures in International Relations, including Pennsylvania’s Robert Strausz-Hupé, Yale’s Arnold Wolfers, the Rockefeller Foundation’s William Thompson, government adviser Dorothy Fosdick, and nuclear strategist William Kaufmann. They spent seven meetings assessing approaches to world politics—from the “realist” theory of Hans Morgenthau to theories of imperialism of Karl Marx and V.I. Lenin—to discern basic elements of a theory of international relations. The study group’s materials are an indispensable window to the development of IR theory, illuminating the seeds of the theory-practice nexus in Cold War U.S. foreign policy. Historians of International Relations recently revised the standard narrative of the field’s origins, showing that IR witnessed a sharp turn to theoretical consideration of international politics beginning around 1950, and remained preoccupied with theory. Taking place in 1953–54, the CFR study group represents a vital snapshot of this shift This book situates the CFR study group in its historical and historiographical contexts, and offers a biographical analysis of the participants. It includes seven preparatory papers on diverse theoretical approaches, penned by former Berkeley political scientist George A. Lipsky, followed by the digest of discussions from the study group meetings. American Power and International Theory at the Council on Foreign Relations, 1953–54 offers new insights into the early development of IR as well as the thinking of prominent elites in the early years of the Cold War.

Political Leadership in Contemporary Japan

Book Series: Michigan Papers in Japanese Studies ISBN: 9780472901982 Year: Pages: 163 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.18669 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: National Endowment for the Humanities - [grantnumber unknown]
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-05 00:02:25
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Society and social sciences;Politics and government;Sociology

China’s Revolutions and Intergenerational Relations

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Book Series: Michigan Monographs In Chinese Studies ISBN: 9780472901500 Year: Pages: 351 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.19840 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: National Endowment for the Humanities - [grantnumber unknown]
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-05 00:02:37
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China’s Revolutions and Intergenerational Relations counters the widely accepted notion that traditional family patterns are weakened by forces such as economic development and social revolutions. China has experienced wrenching changes on both the economic and the political fronts, yet from the evidence presented here the tradition of filial respect and support for aging parents remains alive and well. Using collaborative surveys carried out in 1994 in the middle-sized industrial city of Baoding and comparative data from urban Taiwan, the authors examine issues shaping the relationships between adult Chinese children and their elderly parents. The continued vitality of intergenerational support and filial obligations in these samples is not simply an instance of strong Confucian tradition trumping powerful forces of change. Instead, and somewhat paradoxically, the continued strength of filial obligations can be attributed largely to the institutions of Chinese socialism forged in the era of Mao Zedong. With socialist institutions now under assault in the People’s Republic of China, the future of intergenerational relations in the twenty-first century is once again uncertain.

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