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Pastoralism and Socio-technological Transformations in Northern Benin - Fulani Innovations in Pastoral Migration, Livelihood Diversification and Professional Association

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ISBN: 9783863953461 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2017-1072 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-05 11:02:24
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Pastoralists throughout Africa face increasing pressures. In Benin, governmental development policies and programmes in crop farming are changing power relations between herders and farmers to favour the latter. How are the Fulani pastoralists responding to these threats to their existence? Georges Djohy explores the dynamics in local use of natural resources and in inter-ethnic relations resulting from development interventions. He combines the approaches of science and technology studies – looking at the co-construction of society and technology – and political ecology – looking at the power relations shaping the dynamics of economic, environmental and social change – so as to throw light on the forces of marginalisation, adaptation and innovation at work in northern Benin. Having worked there for many years, Djohy has been able to uncover gradual processes of socio-technological change that are happening “behind the scenes” of agricultural development involving mechanisation, herbicide use, tree planting, land registration and natural resource conservation. He reveals how farmers are using these interventions as “weapons” in order to gain more rights over larger areas of land, in other words, to support indigenous land grabbing from herders who had been using the land since decades for grazing. He documents how the Fulani are innovating to ensure their survival, e.g. by using new technologies for transport and communication, developing new strategies of livestock feeding and herd movement, and developing complementary sources of household income. The Fulani are organising themselves from local to national level to provide technological and socio-cultural services, manage conflicts and gain a stronger political voice, e.g. to be able to achieve demarcation of corridors for moving livestock through cultivated areas. They even use non-functioning mini-dairies – another example of development intervention – to demonstrate their modernity and to open up other opportunities to transform their pastoral systems. This book provides insights into normally hidden technical and social dynamics that are unexpected outcomes of development interventions.

The Pacific challenge - Development trends in the 21st century

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ISBN: 9783938616109 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2005-221 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Economics --- History --- Migration --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The enormous leaps of growth and development experienced by Eastern and Southeast Asian states since the 1960s on account of their astonishing industrial development have led to concerns that a resulting global economic and political shift might favour the »Pacific region« at the expense of the »Atlantic region«. A »Pacific century« was proclaimed, in which it was predicted that Asian-Pacific countries would outpace the traditional leading powers of the West. A more careful look quickly reveals that this view is too simplistic. From the point of view of various disciplines and covering different nations like China, Vietnam, Indonesia, Singapore, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea the authors of this publication pursue the question whether the 21st century can already be labelled the »Pacific Century«. This was also the title of the interdisciplinary series of lectures held at the University of Göttingen/Germany in the winter semester 2003/2004. This series of lectures was jointly organized by the Department of Geography, the University of Göttingen and the Association of Pacific Studies e.V. (APSA). This 10th volume of the publication series »Pazifik Forum« contains contributions by W. Kreisel, M. Taube & Ka-Wai Yiu, M. Waibel, A. Croissant, B. Dahm, H. Schneider, R. Seib and R. Jordan.

Kindbettgeschenke - Untersuchungen zu Ursprung, Form und Funktion von kunstgewerblichen Objekten als Gaben an die Mutter nach der Geburt

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ISBN: 9783863952549 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2016-949 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-18 11:01:53
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The term childbed presents is understood to mean gifts that were presented to the mothers of new-born babies in childbed. Presents for the new mother given for example during visits by relatives, friends and neighbours, initially consisted of food and drink. Later they could also include applied art objects. The custom of presenting childbed presents has a long tradition and still partially continues until today. In the present study, applied art objects which can be identified as childbed presents are analyzed and discussed in relation to their art historical development from the early modern period to the early 19th century. In regard to their cultural and historical context, questions about the form, content and function of these gifts will be investigated. In doing so a special field of early modern art and culture becomes accessible for the first time.

Mobiles Internet im Unternehmenskontext - Webtechnologien als technische Basis für Geschäftsanwendungen auf mobilen Endgeräten

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Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zur Internetforschung ISBN: 9783863950569 Year: Pages: 361 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-203 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Computer Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-27 00:00:00
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The mobile Internet – understood as the usage of Internet services and protocols over wireless networks – is a technology which can be of beneficial use in companies. So far and in contrast to the use by private customers this area is still under development, which can be explained through the special conditions of IT-implementation in enterprises. Stefan Christmann therefore analyzes usage potentials and challenges of this technology and describes technical solutions to enable the application of mobile Internet in enterprises and to make it more economical. In the area of application development, the book focuses on an operating system independent programming with web technologies, which eliminates the need for multiple development processes.

Kirchliche Personalführung am Beispiel der Jahresgespräche - Eine kirchentheoretische Reflexion

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ISBN: 9783863951818 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2015-802 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-10 11:01:15
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Nahezu alle (evangelischen) Großkirchen in Deutschland haben nach der Jahrtausendwende flächendeckend Mitarbeiter- oder Personalentwicklungsgespräche eingeführt. In der Hannoverschen Landeskirche wurde deren Einführung als „Jahresgespräche“ besonders breit diskutiert. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht diese Diskussionen als Ausdruck eines veränderten Selbstverständnisses der gesamten Leitungspraxis der evangelischen Kirchen und stellt sie in den Kontext der Debatten zur kirchlichen „Organisationsreform“, die seit den 1990er Jahren die Praxis und Theorie der Kirche beschäftigen. Anhand der Visitation wird ein Modell entwickelt, das kirchliches Leitungshandeln und die damit verbundenen Konflikte und Spannungsfelder in drei Grunddimensionen beschreibt und differenziert. In Anwendung auf die Jahresgespräche werden damit Konfliktstrukturen und Problemfelder sichtbar gemacht. Auf diese Weise werden Personalentwicklung und Personalführung der Kirchen einer tiefergehenden praktisch-theologischen Reflexion unterzogen.

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