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Open Source Systems: Towards Robust Practices 13th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference, OSS 2017, Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 22-23, 2017, Proceedings

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Book Series: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology ISSN: 1868-4238 / 1868-422X ISBN: 9783319577340 9783319577357 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57735-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 15:15:02
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference on Open Source Systems, OSS 2017, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in May 2017.The 16 revised full papers and 3 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 32 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics related to free, libre, and open source software (FLOSS), including: licensing, strategies, and practices; case studies; projects, communication, and participation; tools; and project management, development and evaluation.

The Pathologisation of Homosexuality in Fascist Italy

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ISBN: 9783030009939 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00994-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Psychology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:22
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This open access book investigates the pathologisation of homosexuality during the fascist regime in Italy through an analysis of the case of G., a man with "homosexual tendencies" interned in the Collegno mental health hospital in 1928. No systematic study exists on the possibility that Fascism used internment in an asylum as a tool of repression for LGBT people, as an alternative to confinement on an island, prison or home arrests. This research offers evidence that in some cases it did. The book highlights how the dictatorship operated in a low-key, shadowy and undetectable manner, bending pre-existing legislation. Its brutality was - and still is - difficult to prove. It also emphasises the ways in which existing stereotypes on homosexuality were reinforced by the regime propaganda in support of its so-called moralising campaign and how families, the police and the medical professionals joined forces in implementing this form of repression.

Debating European Citizenship

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 2364-4087/2364-4095 ISBN: 9783319899046/9783319899053 Year: Pages: 331 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-89905-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-24 12:39:28
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This open access book raises crucial questions about the citizenship of the European Union. Is it a new citizenship beyond the nation-state although it is derived from Member State nationality? Who should get it? What rights and duties does it entail? Should EU citizens living in other Member States be able to vote there in national elections? If there are tensions between free movement and social rights, which should take priority? And should the European Court of Justice determine what European citizenship is about or the legislative institutions of the EU or national parliaments? This book collects a wide range of answers to these questions from legal scholars, political scientists, and political practitioners. It is structured as a series of three conversations in which authors respond to each other. This exchange of arguments provides unique depth to the debate.

Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies

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ISBN: 9783319669809/9783319669816 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 520 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66981-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-10 16:32:12
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This open access book provides insight into the implementation of Life Cycle approaches along the entire business value chain, supporting environmental, social and economic sustainability related to the development of industrial technologies, products, services and policies; and the development and management of smart agricultural systems, smart mobility systems, urban infrastructures and energy for the built environment. The book is based on papers presented at the 8th International Life Cycle Management Conference that took place from September 3-6, 2017 in Luxembourg, and which was organized by the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) and the University of Luxembourg in the framework of the LCM Conference Series.

The Ethics of Vaccination

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ISBN: 9783030020675 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02068-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biology --- Medicine (General) --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:22
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This open access book discusses individual, collective, and institutional responsibilities with regard to vaccination from the perspective of philosophy and public health ethics. It addresses the issue of what it means for a collective to be morally responsible for the realisation of herd immunity and what the implications of collective responsibility are for individual and institutional responsibilities. The first chapter introduces some key concepts in the vaccination debate, such as ‘herd immunity’, ‘public goods’, and ‘vaccine refusal’; and explains why failure to vaccinate raises certain ethical issues. The second chapter analyses, from a philosophical perspective, the relationship between individual, collective, and institutional responsibilities with regard to the realisation of herd immunity. The third chapter is about the principle of least restrictive alternative in public health ethics and its implications for vaccination policies. Finally, the fourth chapter presents an ethical argument for unqualified compulsory vaccination, i.e. for compulsory vaccination that does not allow for any conscientious objection. The book would appeal both philosophers interested in public health ethics and the general public interested in the philosophical underpinning of different arguments about our moral obligations with regard to vaccination.

Compartment Syndrome

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ISBN: 9783030223311 / 9783030223304 Year: Pages: 181 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22331-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-01 11:36:08
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Compartment syndrome is a complex physiologic process with significant potential harm, and though an important clinical problem, the basic science and research surrounding this entity remains poorly understood. This unique open access book fills the gap in the knowledge of compartment syndrome, re-evaluating the current state of the art on this condition. The current clinical diagnostic criteria are presented, as well as the multiple dilemmas facing the surgeon. Pathophysiology, ischemic thresholds and pressure management techniques and limitations are discussed in detail. The main surgical management strategy, fasciotomy, is then described for both the upper and lower extremities, along with wound care. Compartment syndrome due to patient positioning, in children and polytrauma patients, and unusual presentations are likewise covered. Novel diagnosis and prevention strategies, as well as common misconceptions and legal ramifications stemming from compartment syndrome, round out the presentation.Unique and timely, Compartment Syndrome: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management will be indispensable for orthopedic and trauma surgeons confronted with this common yet challenging medical condition.

Surgical Ophthalmic Oncology

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ISBN: 9783030187576 / 9783030187569 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-18757-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Ophthalmology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 12:31:33
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Designed as an easy-to-use, practical guide to tumors of the eye, lids, and orbit, this open access book comprehensively addresses surgical treatment and management of diseases related to ophthalmic oncology. Surgical Ophthalmic Oncology: A Collaborative Open Access Reference is an ideal reference for general ophthalmologists, surgeons, fellows and trainees around the world who encounter these diseases in the care of their patients. Notably, this book includes considerations for those ophthalmologists offering subspecialty care in environments with limited access to advanced technology and instrumentation. Individual chapters address diagnostic indications, pre-operative and post-operative concerns, and provide detailed explanations of surgical techniques required to manage various eye cancer ailments with help of ample illustrations. High-quality videos included throughout the book provide readers with the opportunity to review surgical steps in real-time as a learning tool. Chapters thoroughly cover tumors of eyelid, cornea and conjunctiva, orbit as well as intraocular tumors, while later chapters discuss ophthalmic radiation therapy. The book concludes with a section on ophthalmic pathology which details essential guidelines on relevant aspects from specimen collection and transport, to interpretation of the pathology report.Surgical Ophthalmic Oncology: A Collaborative Open Access Reference is a unique and necessary valuable resource for ophthalmologists, trainees, and related medical professionals working in underserved areas in providing quality care for patients suffering from ocular cancers.

Delusions in Context

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ISBN: 9783319972022 9783319972015 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-97202-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 616358
Subject: Neurology --- Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:06
License: Springer

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This open access book offers an exploration of delusions—unusual beliefs that can significantly disrupt people’s lives. Experts from a range of disciplinary backgrounds, including lived experience, clinical psychiatry, philosophy, clinical psychology, and cognitive neuroscience, discuss how delusions emerge, why it is so difficult to give them up, what their effects are, how they are managed, and what we can do to reduce the stigma associated with them. Taken as a whole, the book proposes that there is continuity between delusions and everyday beliefs. It is essential reading for researchers working on delusions and mental health more generally, and will also appeal to anybody who wants to gain a better understanding of what happens when the way we experience and interpret the world is different from that of the people around us.

Evidence Use in Health Policy Making

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ISBN: 9783319934679 9783319934662 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93467-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 282118
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 11:27:13
License: Springer

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This open access book provides a set of conceptual, empirical, and comparative chapters that apply a public policy perspective to investigate the political and institutional factors driving the use of evidence to inform health policy in low, middle, and high income settings. The work presents key findings from the Getting Research Into Policy (GRIP-Health) project: a five year, six country, programme of work supported by the European Research Council. The chapters further our understanding of evidence utilisation in health policymaking through the application of theories and methods from the policy sciences. They present new insights into the roles and importance of factors such as issue contestation, institutional arrangements, logics of appropriateness, and donor influence to explore individual cases and comparative experiences in the use of evidence to inform health policy.

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