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Paths to the Emerging State in Asia and Africa

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Book Series: Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies ISBN: 9789811331312 Year: Pages: 292 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-3131-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-ND license. This book addresses the issue of how a country, which was incorporated into the world economy as a periphery, could make a transition to the emerging state, capable of undertaking the task of economic development and industrialization. It offers historical and contemporary case studies of transition, as well as the international background under which such a transition was successfully made (or delayed), by combining the approaches of economic history and development economics. Its aim is to identify relevant historical contexts, that is, the ‘initial conditions’ and internal and external forces which governed the transition. It also aims to understand what current low-income developing countries require for their transition. Three economic driving forces for the transition are identified. They are: (1) labor-intensive industrialization, which offers ample employment opportunities for labor force; (2) international trade, which facilitates efficient international division of labor; and (3) agricultural development, which improves food security by increasing supply of staple foods. The book presents a bold account of each driver for the transition.

Narrating China's Governance

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ISBN: 9789813291782 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-32-9178-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:23
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This open access book captures and elaborates on the skill of storytelling as one of the distinct leadership features of Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and the President of the People’s Republic of China. It gathers the stories included in Xi’s speeches on various occasions, where they conveyed the essence of China’s history and culture, its reform and development, and the principles of China’s participating in global governance and cooperating with other countries to build a community of common destiny. The respective stories not only convey abstract and profound concepts of governance in comparatively straightforward language, but also create an immediate emotional connection between the narrator and the listener. In addition to the original stories, extensive additional materials are provided to convey the original context in which each was told, including when and to whom Xi told it, helping readers attain a deeper, intuitive understanding of their relevance.

Vote Buying in Indonesia

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ISBN: 9789811367793 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-6779-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:24
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book investigates the impact of vote buying on the accountability of democratic institutions and policy representation in newly democratic countries, with a focus on Indonesia. In doing so, the book presents a wide-ranging study of the dynamics of vote buying in Indonesia’s young democracy, exploring the nature, extent, determinants, targeting and effectiveness of this practice. It addresses these central issues in the context of comparative studies of vote buying, arguing that although party loyalists are disproportionately targeted in vote buying efforts, in total numbers —given the relatively small number of party loyalists in Indonesia— vote buying hits more uncommitted voters. It also demonstrates that the effectiveness of vote buying on vote choice is in the 10 percent range, which is sufficient for many candidates to secure a seat and thus explains why they still engage in vote buying despite high levels of leakage.

Japan’s Arduous Rejuvenation as a Global Power

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ISBN: 9789811361906 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-6190-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:24
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This open access book assesses the profound impact of Japan’s aspirations to become a great power on Japanese security, democracy and foreign relations. Rather than viewing the process of normalization and rejuvenation as two decades of remilitarization in face of rapidly changing strategic environment and domestic political circumstances, this volume contextualizes Japan’s contemporary international relations against the longer grain of Japanese historical interactions. It demonstrates that policies and statecraft in the Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s era are a continuation of a long, unbroken and arduous effort by successive generations of leaders to preserve Japanese autonomy, enhance security and advance Japanese national interests. Arguing against the notion that Japan cannot work with China as long as the US-Japan alliance is in place, the book suggests that Tokyo could forge constructive relations with Beijing by engaging China in joint projects in and outside of the Asia-Pacific in issue areas such as infrastructure development or in the provision of international public goods. It also submits that an improvement in Japan-China relations would enhance rather than detract Japan-US relations and that Tokyo will find that her new found autonomy in the US-Japan alliance would not only accord her more political respect and strategic latitude, but also allow her to ameliorate the excesses of American foreign policy adventurism, paving for her to become a truly normal great power.

White Gold: The Commercialisation of Rice Farming in the Lower Mekong Basin

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ISBN: 9789811509988 Year: Pages: 456 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-0998-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Geography --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:22
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This open access book is about understanding the processes involved in the transformation of smallholder rice farming in the Lower Mekong Basin from a low-yielding subsistence activity to one producing the surpluses needed for national self-sufficiency and a high-value export industry. For centuries, farmers in the Basin have regarded rice as “white gold”, reflecting its centrality to their food security and well-being. In the past four decades, rice has also become a commercial crop of great importance to Mekong farmers, augmenting but not replacing its role in securing their subsistence. This book is based on collaborative research to (a) compare the current situation and trajectories of rice farmers within and between different regions of the Lower Mekong, (b) explore the value chains linking rice farmers with new technologies and input and output markets within and across national borders, and (c) understand the changing role of government policies in facilitating the on-going evolution of commercial rice farming. An introductory section places the research in geographical and historical context. Four major sections deal in turn with studies of rice farming, value chains, and policies in Northeast Thailand, Central Laos, Southeastern Cambodia, and the Mekong Delta. The final section examines the implications for rice policy in the region as a whole.

mHealth Innovation in Asia: Grassroots Challenges and Practical Interventions

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Mobile Communication in Asia: Local Insights, Global Implications ISSN: 2468-2403 ISBN: 9789402412505 9789402412512 Year: Pages: 131 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1251-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 12:34:17
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This book offers a detailed account of a range of mHealth initiatives across South, Southeast and East Asia. It provides readers with deep insights into the challenges such initiatives face on the ground, and a view of the diverse cultural contexts shaping strategies for overcoming these challenges. The book brings together various discussions on the broader mHealth literature, and demonstrates how a research focus on diverse Asian contexts influences the success and/or failure of current mHealth initiatives. It also highlights the important roles social scientists can play in advancing theoretical approaches, as well as planning, implementing and evaluating mHealth initiatives. The book is a valuable resource for project planners, policy developers in NGOs and government institutions, as well as academics, researchers and students in the fields of public health, communications and development studies.

Food Anxiety in Globalising Vietnam

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789811307423 Year: Pages: 330 Seiten Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 506
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-28 11:21:04

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Based on empirical research, this book focuses on the ambivalences and contraditions of eating in Vietnam. Against the background of an emerging consumer society and the globalisation of the agro-food system, eating becomes centre stage for people’s bodily integrity, social differentiation, identity projects as well as a lynchpin for national and international food policies.

Emerging States and Economies

Authors: ---
Book Series: Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies ISBN: 9789811326349 Year: Pages: 177 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2634-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This open access book asks why and how some of the developing countries have “emerged” under a set of similar global conditions, what led individual countries to choose the particular paths that led to their “emergence,” and what challenges confront them. If we are to understand the nature of major risks and uncertainties in the world, we must look squarely at the political and economic dynamics of emerging states, such as China, India, Brazil, Russia, and ASEAN countries. Their rapid economic development has changed the distribution of wealth and power in the world. Yet many of them have middle income status. To global governance issues, they tend to adopt approaches that differ from those of advanced industrialized democracies. At home, rapid economic growth and social changes put pressure on their institutions to change. This volume traces the historical trajectories of two major emerging states, China and India, and two city states, Hong Kong and Singapore. It also analyzes cross-country data to find the general patterns of economic development and sociopolitical change in relation to globalization and to the middle income trap.

The Culture of Capital Punishment in Japan

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Book Series: Palgrave Advances in Criminology and Criminal Justice in Asia ISBN: 9783030320867 Year: Pages: 125 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-32086-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:19

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This open access book provides a comparative perspective on capital punishment in Japan and the United States. Alongside the US, Japan is one of only a few developed democracies in the world which retains capital punishment and continues to carry out executions on a regular basis. There are some similarities between the two systems of capital punishment but there are also many striking differences. These include differences in capital jurisprudence, execution method, the nature and extent of secrecy surrounding death penalty deliberations and executions, institutional capacities to prevent and discover wrongful convictions, orientations to lay participation and to victim participation, and orientations to “democracy” and governance. Johnson also explores several fundamental issues about the ultimate criminal penalty, such as the proper role of citizen preferences in governing a system of punishment and the relevance of the feelings of victims and survivors.;

Vocational Teacher Education in Central Asia: Developing Skills and Facilitating Success

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects ISSN: 1871-3041 ISBN: 9783319730929 9783319730936 Year: Volume: 28 Pages: 215 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73093-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 15:41:40
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This open access volume presents papers on vocational education, project-based learning and science didactic approaches, illustrating with sample cases, and with a special focus on Central Asian states. Thematically embedded in the area of Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET), the book examines the following main topics: project-based learning (PBL), specific didactics with a linkage to food technologies and laboratory didactics, media and new technologies in TVET, evaluation of competencies including aspects of measurement, examination issues, and labour market and private sector issues in TVET, and research methods with a focus on empirical research and the role of scientific networks. It presents outcomes from TVET programmes at various universities, colleges, and teacher training institutes in Central Asia.

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