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Disasters: Core Concepts and Ethical Theories

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Book Series: Advancing Global Bioethics ISBN: 9783319927220 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-92722-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Law --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This Open Access Book is the first to examine disasters from a multidisciplinary perspective. Justification of actions in the face of disasters requires recourse both to conceptual analysis and ethical traditions. Part 1 of the book contains chapters on how disasters are conceptualized in different academic disciplines relevant to disasters. Part 2 has chapters on how ethical issues that arise in relation to disasters can be addressed from a number of fundamental normative approaches in moral and political philosophy. This book sets the stage for more focused normative debates given that no one book can be completely comprehensive. Providing analysis of core concepts, and with real-world relevance, this book should be of interest to disaster scholars and researchers, those working in ethics and political philosophy, as well as policy makers, humanitarian actors and intergovernmental organizations..

Observing the Volcano World

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Advances in Volcanology ISBN: 9783319440972 Year: Pages: 771 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44097-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Information theory --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Environmental Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18
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This open access book provides a comprehensive overview of volcanic crisis research, the goal being to establish ways of successfully applying volcanology in practice and to identify areas that need to be addressed for future progress. It shows how volcano crises are managed in practice, and helps to establish best practices. Consequently the book brings together authors from all over the globe who work with volcanoes, ranging from observatory volcanologists, disaster practitioners and government officials to NGO-based and government practitioners to address three key aspects of volcanic crises. First, the book explores the unique nature of volcanic hazards, which makes them a particularly challenging threat to forecast and manage, due in part to their varying spatial and temporal characteristics. Second, it presents lessons learned on how to best manage volcanic events based on a number of crises that have shaped our understanding of volcanic hazards and crises management. Third, it discusses the diverse and wide-ranging aspects of communication involved in crises, which merge old practices and new technologies to accommodate an increasingly challenging and globalised world. The information and insights presented here are essential to tapping established knowledge, moving towards more robust volcanic crises management, and understanding how the volcanic world is perceived from a range of standpoints and contexts around the globe. ; A unique collection harnessing international expertise and experience to review volcanic crises around the world Brings together for the first time a wealth of undocumented knowledge to provide a platform for understanding how volcano crises are managed in practice, and to establish effective best practices Includes a glossary, bibliography, and annotated further reading lists, along with a linked author website

Volcanic Unrest

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Advances in Volcanology ISBN: 9783319584126 Year: Pages: 313 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-58412-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Law --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18
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This open access book summarizes the findings of the VUELCO project, a multi-disciplinary and cross-boundary research funded by the European Commission's 7th framework program. It comprises four broad topics: 1. The global significance of volcanic unrest 2. Geophysical and geochemical fingerprints of unrest and precursory activity 3. Magma dynamics leading to unrest phenomena 4. Bridging the gap between science and decision-making Volcanic unrest is a complex multi-hazard phenomenon. The fact that unrest may, or may not lead to an imminent eruption contributes significant uncertainty to short-term volcanic hazard and risk assessment. Although it is reasonable to assume that all eruptions are associated with precursory activity of some sort, the understanding of the causative links between subsurface processes, resulting unrest signals and imminent eruption is incomplete. When a volcano evolves from dormancy into a phase of unrest, important scientific, political and social questions need to be addressed. This book is aimed at graduate students, researchers of volcanic phenomena, professionals in volcanic hazard and risk assessment, observatory personnel, as well as emergency managers who wish to learn about the complex nature of volcanic unrest and how to utilize new findings to deal with unrest phenomena at scientific and emergency managing levels. This book is open access under a CC BY license. ;

Nature-Based Flood Risk Management on Private Land

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ISBN: 9783030238421 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-23842-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:07
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This open access book addresses the various disciplinary aspects of nature-based solutions in flood risk management on private land. In recent decades, water management has been moving towards nature-based solutions. These are assumed to be much more multi-purpose than traditional “grey infrastructures” and seem to be regarded as a panacea for many environmental issues. At the same time, such measures require more – and mostly privately owned – land and more diverse stakeholder involvement than traditional (grey) engineering approaches. They also present challenges related to different disciplines. Nature-based solutions for flood risk management not only require technical expertise, but also call for interdisciplinary insights from land-use planning, economics, property rights, sociology, landscape planning, ecology, hydrology, agriculture and other disciplines to address the challenges of implementing them. Ultimately, nature-based flood risk management is a multi-disciplinary endeavor. Featuring numerous case studies of nature-based flood risk management accompanied by commentaries, this book presents brief academic reflections from two different disciplinary perspectives that critically highlight which specific aspects are of significance, and as such, underscore the multi-disciplinary nature of the challenges faced. ;

Model Tests and Numerical Simulations of Liquefaction and Lateral Spreading

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ISBN: 9783030228187 Year: Pages: 660 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22818-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:07
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This open access book presents work collected through the Liquefaction Experiments and Analysis Projects (LEAP) in 2017. It addresses the repeatability, variability, and sensitivity of lateral spreading observed in twenty-four centrifuge model tests on mildly sloping liquefiable sand. The centrifuge tests were conducted at nine different centrifuge facilities around the world. For the first time, a sufficient number of experiments were conducted to enable assessment of variability of centrifuge test results. The experimental data provided a unique basis for assessing the capabilities of twelve different simulation platforms for numerical simulation of soil liquefaction. The results of the experiments and the numerical simulations are presented and discussed in papers submitted by the project participants. The work presented in this book was followed by LEAP-Asia that included assessment of a generalized scaling law and culminated in a workshop in Osaka, Japan in March 2019. LEAP-2020, ongoing at the time of printing, is addressing the validation of soil-structure interaction analyses of retaining walls involving a liquefiable soil. A workshop is planned at RPI, USA in 2020.

Louisiana's Response to Extreme Weather

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Book Series: Extreme Weather and Society ISBN: 9783030272050 Year: Pages: 361 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27205-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Law --- Geography --- Environmental Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:16
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Earth sciences; Natural disasters; Climate change; Coasts; Environmental management; Environmental law; Environmental policy; Social justice; Human rights

The Demography of Disasters

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ISBN: 9783030499204 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-49920-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Geography --- Environmental Sciences --- Economics --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-15 00:04:29
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This open access book provides worldwide examples demonstrating the importance of the interplay between demography and disasters in regions and spatially. It marks an advance in practical and theoretical insights for understanding the role of demography in planning for and mitigating impacts from disasters in developed nations. Both slow onset (like the of loss polar ice from climate change) and sudden disasters (such as cyclones and man-made disasters) have the capacity to fundamentally change the profiles of populations at local and regional levels. Impacts vary according to the type, rapidity and magnitude of the disaster, but also according to the pre-existing population profile and its relationships to the economy and society. In all cases, the key to understanding impacts and avoiding them in the future is to understand the relationships between disasters and population change. In most chapters in this book we compare and contrast studies from at least two cases and summarize their practical and theoretical lessons.

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