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Medical Imaging Systems

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISBN: 9783319965208 Year: Pages: 259 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-96520-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:09
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This open access book gives a complete and comprehensive introduction to the fields of medical imaging systems, as designed for a broad range of applications. The authors of the book first explain the foundations of system theory and image processing, before highlighting several modalities in a dedicated chapter. The initial focus is on modalities that are closely related to traditional camera systems such as endoscopy and microscopy. This is followed by more complex image formation processes: magnetic resonance imaging, X-ray projection imaging, computed tomography, X-ray phase-contrast imaging, nuclear imaging, ultrasound, and optical coherence tomography.

Multiple-Aspect Analysis of Semantic Trajectories

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISBN: 9783030380816 Year: Pages: 133 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38081-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:09
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This open access book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the First International Workshop on Multiple-Aspect Analysis of Semantic Trajectories, MASTER 2019, held in conjunction with the 19th European Conference on Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases, ECML PKDD 2019, in Würzburg, Germany, in September 2019. The 8 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 12 submissions. They represent an interesting mix of techniques to solve recurrent as well as new problems in the semantic trajectory domain, such as data representation models, data management systems, machine learning approaches for anomaly detection, and common pathways identification.

Automated Machine Learning

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Book Series: The Springer Series on Challenges in Machine Learning ISBN: 9783030053185 Year: Pages: 219 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05318-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:04
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This open access book presents the first comprehensive overview of general methods in Automated Machine Learning (AutoML), collects descriptions of existing systems based on these methods, and discusses the first series of international challenges of AutoML systems. The recent success of commercial ML applications and the rapid growth of the field has created a high demand for off-the-shelf ML methods that can be used easily and without expert knowledge. However, many of the recent machine learning successes crucially rely on human experts, who manually select appropriate ML architectures (deep learning architectures or more traditional ML workflows) and their hyperparameters. To overcome this problem, the field of AutoML targets a progressive automation of machine learning, based on principles from optimization and machine learning itself. This book serves as a point of entry into this quickly-developing field for researchers and advanced students alike, as well as providing a reference for practitioners aiming to use AutoML in their work.

Ray Tracing Gems

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ISBN: 9781484244272 Year: Pages: 607 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4842-4427-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:04
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This book is a must-have for anyone serious about rendering in real time. With the announcement of new ray tracing APIs and hardware to support them, developers can easily create real-time applications with ray tracing as a core component. As ray tracing on the GPU becomes faster, it will play a more central role in real-time rendering. Ray Tracing Gems provides key building blocks for developers of games, architectural applications, visualizations, and more. Experts in rendering share their knowledge by explaining everything from nitty-gritty techniques that will improve any ray tracer to mastery of the new capabilities of current and future hardware. What you'll learn: The latest ray tracing techniques for developing real-time applications in multiple domains Guidance, advice, and best practices for rendering applications with Microsoft DirectX Raytracing (DXR) How to implement high-performance graphics for interactive visualizations, games, simulations, and more Who this book is for: Developers who are looking to leverage the latest APIs and GPU technology for real-time rendering and ray tracing Students looking to learn about best practices in these areas Enthusiasts who want to understand and experiment with their new GPUs

IEA International Computer and Information Literacy Study 2018 Assessment Framework

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030193898 Year: Pages: 74 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-19389-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
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This open access book presents the assessment framework for IEA’s International Computer an Information Literacy Study (ICILS) 2018, which is designed to assess how well students are prepared for study, work and life in a digital world. The study measures international differences in students’ computer and information literacy (CIL): their ability to use computers to investigate, create, participate and communicate at home, at school, in the workplace and in the community. Participating countries also have an option for their students to complete an assessment of computational thinking (CT). The ICILS assessment framework articulates the basic structure of the study, providing a description of the field and the constructs to be measured. This book outlines the design and content of the measurement instruments, sets down the rationale for those designs, and describes how measures generated by those instruments relate to the constructs. Hypothesized relations between constructs provide the foundation for some of the analyses that follow. Above all, the framework links ICILS to other similar research, enabling the contents of this assessment framework to combine theory and practice in an explication of both the ‘what’ and the ‘how’ of ICILS.

Computational Conflict Research

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Computational Social Sciences ISBN: 9783030293338 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-29333-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Computer Science
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This open access book brings together a set of original studies that use cutting-edge computational methods to investigate conflict at various geographic scales and degrees of intensity and violence. Methodologically, this book covers a variety of computational approaches from text mining and machine learning to agent-based modelling and social network analysis. Empirical cases range from migration policy framing in North America and street protests in Iran to violence against civilians in Congo and food riots world-wide. Supplementary materials in the book include a comprehensive list of the datasets on conflict and dissent, as well as resources to online repositories where the annotated code and data of individual chapters can be found and where (agent-based) models can be re-produced and altered. These materials are a valuable resource for those wishing to retrace and learn from the analyses described in this volume and adapt and apply them to their own research interests. By bringing together novel research through an international team of scholars from a range of disciplines, Computational Conflict Research pioneers and maps this emerging field. The book will appeal to students, scholars, and anyone interested in the prospects of using computational social sciences to advance our understanding of conflict dynamics.

Disrupting Finance

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Digital Business & Enabling Technologies ISBN: 9783030023300 Year: Pages: 175 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02330-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:17
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This open access Pivot demonstrates how a variety of technologies act as innovation catalysts within the banking and financial services sector. Traditional banks and financial services are under increasing competition from global IT companies such as Google, Apple, Amazon and PayPal whilst facing pressure from investors to reduce costs, increase agility and improve customer retention. Technologies such as blockchain, cloud computing, mobile technologies, big data analytics and social media therefore have perhaps more potential in this industry and area of business than any other. This book defines a fintech ecosystem for the 21st century, providing a state-of-the art review of current literature, suggesting avenues for new research and offering perspectives from business, technology and industry.

Ganzheitliche Digitalisierung von Prozessen

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783658226480 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-22648-0 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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In diesem Open-Access-Buch wird das Geschäftsprozessmanagement als ein ganzheitlicher Prozess begriffen, der der Mitwirkung aller Stakeholder bedarf. Denn das traditionelle Business Process Engineering stößt heute angesichts der Digitalisierung und der dynamischen Entwicklung von Organisationen immer mehr an seine Grenzen, beispielsweise bezüglich Agilität. Um nun das Wesen von Aufgaben und Abläufen in Organisationen zu erfassen, schlagen die Autoren einen Perspektivwechsel vor: das Denken in Kommunikationsprozessen. Dieses Konzept lässt sich wirtschaftlich, organisatorisch und technisch ohne einschlägige Vorkenntnisse umsetzen. Leserinnen und Leser finden in dem Buch konkrete Handlungsanleitungen für die Digitalisierung von organisationsrelevanten Abläufen. Daneben liefern die Autoren Einblicke in die Systemtheorie und in das Design Thinking. Ihr Ziel ist, Konzepte einfach und verständlich zu erläutern, ohne dabei komplexe Zusammenhänge zu vernachlässigen. Dank ausführlicher Konzeptdarstellung und Ausflüge in die Theorie mit Beispielen aus der Praxis, eignet es sich für Studierende und für Wissenschaftler genauso wie für Praktiker. Entwickler und andere Fachkräfte aus den Bereichen Operatives Management, Geschäftsprozessmanagement, Organisationsentwicklung, Qualitätsmanagement, Wissensmanagement werden sich von der Übersichtlichkeit und dem Nutzwert angesprochen fühlen.

Digitale Transformation

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Book Series: Informationsmanagement und digitale Transformation ISBN: 9783658226244 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-22624-4 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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Dieses Open Access-Buch gibt eine Einführung in die Grundlagen der digitalen Transformation. Es werden aktuelle technologische Trends sowie Auswirkungen auf den Wettbewerb und die Geschäftsmodellentwicklung erläutert. Außerdem werden anhand empirischer Umfragen sowie Fallstudien aus der Praxis die Chancen und Risiken digitaler Transformationsprojekte aufgezeigt. Die Ergebnisse helfen Unternehmen dabei, Technologiepotentiale abzuschätzen und frühzeitig zukunftsweisende Technologiekompetenzen aufzubauen.

Demystifying Internet of Things Security

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781484228968 Year: Pages: 488 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4842-2896-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:05
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Break down the misconceptions of the Internet of Things by examining the different security building blocks available in Intel Architecture (IA) based IoT platforms. This open access book reviews the threat pyramid, secure boot, chain of trust, and the SW stack leading up to defense-in-depth. The IoT presents unique challenges in implementing security and Intel has both CPU and Isolated Security Engine capabilities to simplify it. This book explores the challenges to secure these devices to make them immune to different threats originating from within and outside the network. The requirements and robustness rules to protect the assets vary greatly and there is no single blanket solution approach to implement security. Demystifying Internet of Things Security provides clarity to industry professionals and provides and overview of different security solutions What You'll Learn Secure devices, immunizing them against different threats originating from inside and outside the network Gather an overview of the different security building blocks available in Intel Architecture (IA) based IoT platforms Understand the threat pyramid, secure boot, chain of trust, and the software stack leading up to defense-in-depth Who This Book Is For Strategists, developers, architects, and managers in the embedded and Internet of Things (IoT) space trying to understand and implement the security in the IoT devices/platforms.

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