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Instructional Scaffolding in STEM Education: Strategies and Efficacy Evidence

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ISBN: 9783319025643 9783319025650 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-02565-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 15:16:55
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This book uses meta-analysis to synthesize research on scaffolding and scaffolding-related interventions in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) education. Specifically, the volume examines the extent to which study quality, assessment type, and scaffolding characteristics (strategy, intended outcome, fading schedule, scaffolding intervention, and paired intervention) influence cognitive student outcomes. It includes detailed descriptions of the theoretical foundations of scaffolding, scaffolding strategies that have been proposed to meet different intended learning outcomes in STEM, and associated efficacy information. Furthermore, the book describes assessment strategies and study designs which can be used to evaluate the influence of scaffolding, and suggests new fields in which scaffolding strategies that have proven efficacious may be used.

Student Misconceptions and Errors in Physics and Mathematics

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030301880 Year: Pages: 165 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-30188-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:17

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This open access report explores the nature and extent of students’ misconceptions and misunderstandings related to core concepts in physics and mathematics and physics across grades four, eight and 12. Twenty years of data from the IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and TIMSS Advanced assessments are analyzed, specifically for five countries (Italy, Norway, Russian Federation, Slovenia, and the United States) who participated in all or almost all TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced assessments between 1995 and 2015. The report focuses on students’ understandings related to gravitational force in physics and linear equations in mathematics. It identifies some specific misconceptions, errors, and misunderstandings demonstrated by the TIMSS Advanced grade 12 students for these core concepts, and shows how these can be traced back to poor foundational development of these concepts in earlier grades. Patterns in misconceptions and misunderstandings are reported by grade, country, and gender. In addition, specific misconceptions and misunderstandings are tracked over time, using trend items administered in multiple assessment cycles. The study and associated methodology may enable education systems to help identify specific needs in the curriculum, improve inform instruction across grades and also raise possibilities for future TIMSS assessment design and reporting that may provide more diagnostic outcomes.

Environmental Leadership Capacity Building in Higher Education: Experience and Lessons from Asian Program for Incubation of Environmental Leaders

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ISBN: 9784431543398 9784431543404 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-54340-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Manufactures --- Environmental Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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The Graduate Program in Sustainability Science under the Department of Urban Engineering of The University of Tokyo has been running an environmental leadership education program at the graduate student level since 2007 called the Asian Program for Incubation of Environmental Leaders (APIEL). This book describes the University’s experiences in establishing and organizing that program and provides some lessons learned for those who are considering starting environmental leadership education programs. APIEL’s curriculum includes the classroom topic “Environmental Challenges and Leadership in Asia.” As well, the APIEL program has field units to provide experience in problem solving, decision making, and participation, taking into consideration ecological, political, economic, social, aesthetic, and ethical aspects. Another characteristic feature of the program is that it promotes changes in attitudes and behavior that will help to solve existing environmental problems and to avoid a generation of new ones. Over the four years of study, efforts have been made to bond leadership with field-oriented exercises such as: 1) The Intensive Program on Sustainability; 2) an integral approach focused on sustainable integrated watershed management of arid regions; 3) sustainable development of programs in Cambodia, Vietnam, and Thailand for qualifying students with problem-solving processes to combat issues such as flooding, lack of proper urban environmental infrastructure, and health risks; and 4) the Greater Pearl River Delta program with multicultural diversity to bring about sustainable urban development for a green city. All of those are described in the book. Last but not least, APIEL’s resonance throughout international networks and alumni are introduced.

Integration Processes and Policies in Europe: Contexts, Levels and Actors

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319216737 9783319216744 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21674-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 16:14:55
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In this open access book, experts on integration processes, integration policies, transnationalism, and the migration and development framework provide an academic assessment of the 2011 European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals, which calls for integration policies in the EU to involve not only immigrants and their society of settlement, but also actors in their country of origin. Moreover, a heuristic model is developed for the non-normative, analytical study of integration processes and policies based on conceptual, demographic, and historical accounts.The volume addresses three interconnected issues: What does research have to say on (the study of) integration processes in general and on the relevance of actors in origin countries in particular? What is the state of the art of the study of integration policies in Europe and the use of the concept of integration in policy formulation and practice? Does the proposal to include actors in origin countries as important players in integration policies find legitimation in empirical research?A few general conclusions are drawn. First, integration policies have developed at many levels of government: nationally, locally, regionally, and at the supra-national level of the EU. Second, a multitude of stakeholders has become involved in integration as policy designers and implementers. Finally, a logic of policymaking—and not an evidence-based scientific argument—can be said to underlie the European Commission’s redefinition of integration as a three-way process.This book will appeal to academics and policymakers at international, European, national, regional, and local levels. It will also be of interest to graduate and master-level students of political science, sociology, social anthropology, international relations, criminology, geography, and history.

Understanding Statistics and Experimental Design

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Book Series: Learning Materials in Biosciences ISBN: 9783030034993 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03499-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Zoology --- Biology --- Mathematics --- Medicine (General) --- Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:06

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This open access textbook provides the background needed to correctly use, interpret and understand statistics and statistical data in diverse settings. Part I makes key concepts in statistics readily clear. Parts I and II give an overview of the most common tests (t-test, ANOVA, correlations) and work out their statistical principles. Part III provides insight into meta-statistics (statistics of statistics) and demonstrates why experiments often do not replicate. Finally, the textbook shows how complex statistics can be avoided by using clever experimental design. Both non-scientists and students in Biology, Biomedicine and Engineering will benefit from the book by learning the statistical basis of scientific claims and by discovering ways to evaluate the quality of scientific reports in academic journals and news outlets.

YOUMARES 9 - The Oceans: Our Research, Our Future

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ISBN: 9783030203894 Year: Pages: 370 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20389-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Ecology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:08
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This open access book summarizes peer-reviewed articles and the abstracts of oral and poster presentations given during the YOUMARES 9 conference which took place in Oldenburg, Germany, in September 2018. The aims of this book are to summarize state-of-the-art knowledge in marine sciences and to inspire scientists of all career stages in the development of further research. These conferences are organized by and for young marine researchers. Qualified early-career researchers, who moderated topical sessions during the conference, contributed literature reviews on specific topics within their research field.

YOUMARES 8 – Oceans Across Boundaries: Learning from each other

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ISBN: 9783319932842 Year: Pages: 251 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93284-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Ecology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:15
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This open access book presents the proceedings volume of the YOUMARES 8 conference, which took place in Kiel, Germany, in September 2017, supported by the German Association for Marine Sciences (DGM). The YOUMARES conference series is entirely bottom-up organized by and for YOUng MARine RESearchers. Qualified early career scientists moderated the scientific sessions during the conference and provided literature reviews on aspects of their research field. These reviews and the presenters’ conference abstracts are compiled here. Thus, this book discusses highly topical fields of marine research and aims to act as a source of knowledge and inspiration for further reading and research.

Interdisciplinary Mathematics Education

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Book Series: ICME-13 Monographs ISBN: 9783030110666 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11066-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:05
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This open access book is the first major publication on the topic of “Interdisciplinary Mathematics Education” and arose from the work of the first International Topic Study Group of the same name at the ICME-13 conference in Hamburg in 2016. It offers extensive theoretical insights, empirical research, and practitioner accounts of interdisciplinary mathematics work in STEM and beyond (e.g. in music and the arts). Scholars and practitioners from four continents contributed to this comprehensive book, and present studies on: the conceptualizations of interdisciplinarity; implementation cases at schools and tertiary institutions; teacher education; and implications for policy and practice. Each chapter, and the book itself, closes with an assessment of the most significant aspects that those involved in policy and practice, as well as future researchers, should take into account.

The Globalization of Science Curricula

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Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISSN: 2366-1631 ISBN: 9783319715315 9783319715322 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 100 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71532-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA)
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 15:21:31
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Globalization is a powerful force with far reaching impacts on education and education policy. The growth of large scale international surveys of student achievement and the increasing role played by intergovernmental agencies in education means that the influence that globalization exerts on education is likely to increase even further in the future.This open access book provides a significant and timely investigation into the impacts that globalization has exerted on science curricula in a diverse range of countries using extensive data sets collected by the IEA between 1995 and 2015. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, this book considers the extent to which there have been changes to the intended and implemented science curricula in different countries over the last 20 years. Consideration is then given as to whether science curricula are becoming increasingly similar across countries over time. Finally the issue of whether the basis of an international core curriculum can be identified is addressed. Readers will gain a unique insight into the extent to which globalization and large scale international assessments have influenced science curricula in the last 20 years within both the primary and secondary phases.

Conceptualizing Environmental Citizenship for 21st Century Education

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Environmental Discourses in Science Education ISBN: 9783030202491 Year: Pages: 261 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20249-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Science (General) --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 00:00:35
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This Open Access book is about the development of a common understanding of environmental citizenship. It conceptualizes and frames environmental citizenship taking an educational perspective. Organized in four complementary parts, the book first explains the political, economic and societal dimensions of the concept. Next, it examines environmental citizenship as a psychological concept with a specific focus on knowledge, values, beliefs and attitudes. It then explores environmental citizenship within the context of environmental education and education for sustainability. It elaborates responsible environmental behaviour, youth activism and education for sustainability through the lens of environmental citizenship. Finally, it discusses the concept within the context of different educational levels, such as primary and secondary education in formal and non-formal settings. Environmental citizenship is a key factor in sustainability, green and cycle economy, and low-carbon society, and an important aspect in addressing global environmental problems. It has been an influential concept in many different arenas such as economy, policy, philosophy, and organizational marketing. In the field of education, the concept could be better exploited and established, however. Education and, especially, environmental discourses in science education have a great deal to contribute to the adoption and promotion of environmental citizenship.

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