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Acoustics of the Vowel - Preliminaries

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ISBN: 9783034320313 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0343-2391-8 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163510
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-08 11:01:17
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Abstract

It seems as if the fundamentals of how we produce vowels and how they are acoustically represented have been clarified: we phonate and articulate. Using our vocal chords, we produce a vocal sound or noise which is then shaped into a specific vowel sound by the resonances of the pharyngeal, oral, and nasal cavities, that is, the vocal tract. Accordingly, the acoustic description of vowels relates to vowel-specific patterns of relative energy maxima in the sound spectra, known as patterns of formants. The intellectual and empirical reasoning presented in this treatise, however, gives rise to scepticism with respect to this understanding of the sound of the vowel. The reflections and materials presented provide reason to argue that, up to now, a comprehensible theory of the acoustics of the voice and of voiced speech sounds is lacking, and consequently, no satisfying understanding of vowels as an achievement and particular formal accomplishment of the voice exists. Thus, the question of the acoustics of the vowel—and with it the question of the acoustics of the voice itself—proves to be an unresolved fundamental problem.

Keywords

acoustics --- phonetics --- phonology --- vowel --- language

Origins of Human Language

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Book Series: Speech Production and Perception ISBN: 9783631737262 9783631738078 9783631738085 Year: DOI: 10.3726/b12405 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103091
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:07
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This book proposes a detailed picture of the continuities and ruptures between communication in primates and language in humans. It explores a diversity of perspectives on the origins of language, including a fine description of vocal communication in animals, mainly in monkeys and apes, but also in birds, the study of vocal tract anatomy and cortical control of the vocal productions in monkeys and apes, the description of combinatory structures and their social and communicative value, and the exploration of the cognitive environment in which language may have emerged from nonhuman primate vocal or gestural communication.

Speech production and perception

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Book Series: Speech Production and Perception ISBN: 9783631726914 9783631797860 9783631797877 Year: DOI: 10.3726/b15982 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched||Knowledge Unlatched - 103157
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-15 11:21:16
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Learning and memory processes are basic features of human existence. They allow us to (un)consciously adapt to changes in our social and physical environment in a variety of ways and may have been a precursor for survival in human evolution. Through several reviews and original work the book focuses on three key topics that enhanced our understanding of the topic in the last twenty years: first, the role of real-time auditory feedback in learning, second, the role of motor aspects for learning and memory, and third, representations in memory and the role of sleep on memory consolidation.

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