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The Austrian Business Cycle in the European Context

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631576076 Year: Pages: 227 DOI: 10.3726/b13975 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:22
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Abstract

Dating business cycle turning points is still an important task for economic policy decisions. This study does this for the Austrian economy for the period between 1976 and 2005, using only quarterly national accounts data of Austria, Germany and the euro area. Three different filtering methods are applied: first-order differences, the Hodrick-Prescott filter, and the Baxter-King filter. To all of them, two different methods of determining the business cycle are applied: the ad-hoc determination of the business cycle and a dynamic factor model, taking into account the common variations of Austria, the euro area and the German business cycle movements. The results of both methods are dated by the Bry-Boschan algorithm in order to locate peaks and troughs of the cycle. The results are interpreted and compared to already exiting studies on the euro area and the Austrian business cycle.

Dynamische Fiskalpolitik

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631503669 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.3726/b13768 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:32
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RBC-Modelle sind ein wichtiger Bestandteil der makroökonomischen Theorie. In diesem Modellrahmen werden die Wirkungen von fiskalpolitischen Maßnahmen analysiert, die Modellmechanismen erklärt und verschiedene Politikmaßnahmen anhand der Output- und Nutzeneffekte beurteilt. Es zeigt sich u.a., dass der Staatskonsum kurzfristig einen größeren Outputeffekt erzeugt als die öffentlichen Investitionen, dass bei zusätzlichen öffentlichen Investitionen weniger die Finanzierungsform als vielmehr die Produktivität des öffentlichen Kapitalstocks entscheidend ist, dass eine Energiesteuererhöhung bei gleichzeitiger Senkung der Sozialversicherungsbeiträge positive Output- und Nutzeneffekte hat und dass bei Energiepreisschocks eine Variation der Energiesteuer die beste stabilitätspolitische Maßnahme ist.

European Business Cycle Convergence

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631639740 Year: Pages: 218 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:58
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Is the euro area getting closer with regard to business cycles? The study investigates the linkage between business cycle convergence and financial portfolio choice for a panel of 18 European countries. For this purpose an index is constructed which measures the similarity of investment portfolios. The idea is that financial portfolio choice has an impact on business cycles and contributes to convergence via the consumption-wealth linkage. The background of the analysis is the International Asset Pricing Model (IAPM). The results of fixed effects GMM TSLS estimations confirm the linkage. The effect is higher for country-pairs that are built by one euro area member and one member outside the euro area.

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