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25 Years of Transformations of Higher Education Systems in Post-Soviet Countries: Reform and Continuity

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ISBN: 9783319529790 9783319529806 Year: Pages: 482 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-52980-6 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Moscow
Subject: History --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 17:21:44
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This open access book is a result of the first ever study of the transformations of the higher education institutional landscape in fifteen former USSR countries after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. It explores how the single Soviet model that developed across the vast and diverse territory of the Soviet Union over several decades has evolved into fifteen unique national systems, systems that have responded to national and global developments while still bearing some traces of the past. The book is distinctive as it presents a comprehensive analysis of the reforms and transformations in the region in the last 25 years; and it focuses on institutional landscape through the evolution of the institutional types established and developed in Pre-Soviet, Soviet and Post-Soviet time. It also embraces all fifteen countries of the former USSR, and provides a comparative analysis of transformations of institutional landscape across Post-Soviet systems. It will be highly relevant for students and researchers in the fields of higher education and and sociology, particularly those with an interest in historical and comparative studies.

Communicative Figurations: Transforming Communications in Times of Deep Mediatization

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Transforming Communications – Studies in Cross-Media Research ISBN: 9783319655833 9783319655840 Year: Pages: 444 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-65584-0 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Universität Bremen
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:20:32
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This open access volume is about how to research the influence of our changing media environment. Today, there is not one single medium that is the driving force of change. With the spreading of various technical communication media such as mobile phone and internet platforms, we are confronted with a media manifold of deep mediatization. But how can we investigate its transformative capability? This book answers this question by taking a non-media-centric perspective, researching the various figurations of collectivities and organizations humans are involved in. The first part of the book outlines a fundamental understanding of the changing media environment of deep mediatization and its transformative capacity. The second part focuses on collectivities and movements: communities in the city, critical social movements, maker, online gaming groups and networked groups of young people. The third part moves institutions and organizations into the foreground, discussing the transformation of journalism, religion, politics, and education, whilst the fourth and final part is dedicated to methodologies and perspectives.

Entrepreneurial Cognition: Exploring the Mindset of Entrepreneurs

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319717814 9783319717821 Year: Pages: 281 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-71782-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: TU Munich
Subject: Business and Management --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:24:47
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This open access book investigates the inter-relationship between the mind and a potential opportunity to explore the psychology of entrepreneurship. Building on recent research, this book offers a broad scope investigation of the different aspects of what goes on in the mind of the (potential) entrepreneur as he or she considers the pursuit of a potential opportunity, the creation of a new organization, and/or the selection of an entrepreneurial career. This book focuses on individuals as the level of analysis and explores the impact of the organization and the environment only inasmuch as they impact the individual’s cognitions. Readers will learn why some individuals and managers are able to able to identify and successfully act upon opportunities in uncertain environments while others are not. This book applies a cognitive lens to understand individuals’ knowledge, motivation, attention, identity, and emotions in the entrepreneurial process.

Research, Ethics and Risk in the Authoritarian Field

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319689654 9783319689661 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-68966-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: University of Amsterdam
Subject: Philosophy --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:53:10
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This open access book offers a synthetic reflection on the authors’ fieldwork experiences in seven countries within the framework of ‘Authoritarianism in a Global Age’, a major comparative research project. It responds to the demand for increased attention to methodological rigor and transparency in qualitative research, and seeks to advance and practically support field research in authoritarian contexts. Without reducing the conundrums of authoritarian field research to a simple how-to guide, the book systematically reflects and reports on the authors’ combined experiences in (i) getting access to the field, (ii) assessing risk, (iii) navigating ‘red lines’, (iv) building relations with local collaborators and respondents, (v) handling the psychological pressures on field researchers, and (vi) balancing transparency and prudence in publishing research. It offers unique insights into this particularly challenging area of field research, makes explicit how the authors handled methodological challenges and ethical dilemmas, and offers recommendations where appropriate.

Solidarity in Europe: Citizens' Responses in Times of Crisis

Authors: ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology ISBN: 9783319733340 9783319733357 Year: Pages: 287 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-73335-7 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: University of Sheffield
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 19:06:50
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This open access volume provides evidence-based knowledge on European solidarity and citizen responses in times of crisis. Does the crisis of European integration translate into a crisis of European solidarity, and if yes, what are the manifestations at the level of individual citizens? How strongly is solidarity rooted at the individual level, both in terms of attitudes and practices? And which driving factors and mechanisms contribute to the reproduction and/or corrosion of solidarity in times of crisis? Using findings from the EU Horizon 2020 funded research project “European paths to transnational solidarity at times of crisis: Conditions, forms, role-models and policy responses” (TransSOL), the books addresses these questions and provides cross-national comparisons of eight European countries – Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Switzerland, and the UK. It will appeal to students, scholars and policymakers interested in the Eurocrisis, politics and sociology.

Weather & Climate Services for the Energy Industry

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ISBN: 9783319684178 9783319684185 Year: Pages: 197 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-68418-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: University of East Anglia; European Centre for Medium-Range Weather; EDF R&D; University of Reading
Subject: Meteorology and Climatology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 19:14:20
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This open access book showcases the burgeoning area of applied research at the intersection between weather and climate science and the energy industry. It illustrates how better communication between science and industry can help both sides. By opening a dialogue, scientists can understand the broader context for their work and the energy industry is able to keep track of and implement the latest scientific advances for more efficient and sustainable energy systems.Weather & Climate Services for the Energy Industry considers the lessons learned in establishing an ongoing discussion between the energy industry and the meteorological community and how its principles and practises can be applied elsewhere. This book will be a useful guiding resource for research and early career practitioners concerned with the energy industry and the new field of research known as energy meteorology.

White-Collar Crime in the Shadow Economy: Lack of Detection, Investigation and Conviction Compared to Social Security Fraud

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319752914 9783319752921 Year: Pages: 155 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-75292-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: BI Norwegian Business School
Subject: Law --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 19:17:54
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This open access book examines the magnitude, causes of, and reactions to white-collar crime, based on the theories and research of those who have uncovered various forms of white-collar crime. It argues that the offenders who are convicted represent only ‘the tip of the iceberg’ of a much greater problem: because white-collar crime is forced to compete with other kinds of financial crime like social security fraud for police resources and so receives less attention and fewer investigations. Gottschalk and Gunnesdal also offer insights into estimation techniques for the shadow economy, in an attempt to comprehend the size of the problem. Holding broad appeal for academics, practitioners in public administration, and government agencies, this innovative study serves as a timely starting point for examining the lack of investigation, detection, and conviction of powerful white-collar criminals.

Housing Market Dynamics in Africa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781349951208 9781137597922 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-59792-2 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: African Development Bank
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-01 15:23:10
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This open access book utilizes new data to thoroughly analyze the main factors currently shaping the African housing market. Some of these factors include the supply and demand for housing finance, land tenure security issues, construction cost conundrum, infrastructure provision, and low-cost housing alternatives. Through detailed analysis, the authors investigate the political economy surrounding the continent’s housing market and the constraints that behind-the-scenes policy makers need to address in their attempts to provide affordable housing for the majority in need. With Africa’s urban population growing rapidly, this study highlights how broad demographic shifts and rapid urbanization are placing enormous pressure on the limited infrastructure in many cities and stretching the economic and social fabric of municipalities to their breaking point. But beyond providing a snapshot of the present conditions of the African housing market, the book offers recommendations and actionable measures for policy makers and other stakeholders on how best to provide affordable housing and alleviate Africa’s housing deficit. This work will be of particular interest to practitioners, non-governmental organizations, private sector actors, students and researchers of economic policy, international development, and urban development.

The EU and China in African Authoritarian Regimes: Domestic Politics and Governance Reforms

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Book Series: Governance and Limited Statehood ISBN: 9783319635903 9783319635910 Year: Pages: 261 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63591-0 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Deutsche Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-01 15:29:45
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This open access book analyses the domestic politics of African dominant party regimes, most notably African governments’ survival strategies, to explain their variance of opinions and responses towards the reforming policies of the EU. The author discredits the widespread assumption that the growing presence of China in Africa has made the EU’s task of supporting governance reforms difficult, positing that the EU’s good governance strategies resonate better with the survival strategies of governments in some dominant party regimes more so than others, regardless of Chinese involvement. Hackenesch studies three African nations – Angola, Ethiopia and Rwanda – which all began engaging with the EU on governance reforms in the early 2000s. She argues that other factors generally identified in the literature, such as the EU’s good governance strategies or economic dependence of the target country on the EU, have set additional incentives for African governments to not engage on governance reforms.

Heterogeneity, High Performance Computing, Self-Organization and the Cloud

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Digital Business & Enabling Technologies ISBN: 9783319760377 9783319760384 Year: Pages: 165 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76038-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: European Commission; Irish Centre for Cloud Computing and Commerce
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 18:56:40
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This open access book addresses the most recent developments in cloud computing such as HPC in the Cloud, heterogeneous cloud, self-organising and self-management, and discusses the business implications of cloud computing adoption. Establishing the need for a new architecture for cloud computing, it discusses a novel cloud management and delivery architecture based on the principles of self-organisation and self-management. This focus shifts the deployment and optimisation effort from the consumer to the software stack running on the cloud infrastructure. It also outlines validation challenges and introduces a novel generalised extensible simulation framework to illustrate the effectiveness, performance and scalability of self-organising and self-managing delivery models on hyperscale cloud infrastructures. It concludes with a number of potential use cases for self-organising, self-managing clouds and the impact on those businesses.

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