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Iberian world empires and the globalization of europe 1415–1668

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Comparative Global History ISBN: 9789811308338 9789811308321 Year: Pages: 531 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-0833-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 679371
Subject: Economics --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-08 11:21:10
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This open access book analyses Iberian expansion by using knowledge accumulated in recent years to test some of the most important theories regarding Europe’s economic development. Adopting a comparative perspective, it considers the impact of early globalization on Iberian and Western European institutions, social development and political economies. In spite of globalization’s minor importance from the commercial perspective before 1750, this book finds its impact decisive for institutional development, political economies, and processes of state-building in Iberia and Europe. The book engages current historiographies and revindicates the need to take the concept of composite monarchies as a point of departure in order to understand the period’s economic and social developments, analysing the institutions and societies resulting from contact with Iberian peoples in America and Asia. The outcome is a study that nuances and contests an excessively-negative yet prevalent image of the Iberian societies, explores the difficult relationship between empires and globalization and opens paths for comparisons to other imperial formations.

Keywords

Imperialism --- colonialism --- Iberia --- Europe

The Ethics of Vaccination

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ISBN: 9783030020675 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02068-2 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Biology --- Medicine (General) --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:22
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This open access book discusses individual, collective, and institutional responsibilities with regard to vaccination from the perspective of philosophy and public health ethics. It addresses the issue of what it means for a collective to be morally responsible for the realisation of herd immunity and what the implications of collective responsibility are for individual and institutional responsibilities. The first chapter introduces some key concepts in the vaccination debate, such as ‘herd immunity’, ‘public goods’, and ‘vaccine refusal’; and explains why failure to vaccinate raises certain ethical issues. The second chapter analyses, from a philosophical perspective, the relationship between individual, collective, and institutional responsibilities with regard to the realisation of herd immunity. The third chapter is about the principle of least restrictive alternative in public health ethics and its implications for vaccination policies. Finally, the fourth chapter presents an ethical argument for unqualified compulsory vaccination, i.e. for compulsory vaccination that does not allow for any conscientious objection. The book would appeal both philosophers interested in public health ethics and the general public interested in the philosophical underpinning of different arguments about our moral obligations with regard to vaccination.

Psychiatry and Decolonisation in Uganda

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ISBN: 9781137600943 Year: DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-60095-0 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Psychiatry --- History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:22
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This open access book investigates psychiatry in Uganda during the years of decolonisation. It examines the challenges facing a new generation of psychiatrists as they took over responsibility for psychiatry at the end of empire, and explores the ways psychiatric practices were tied to shifting political and development priorities, periods of instability, and a broader context of transnational and international exchange. At its heart is a question that has concerned psychiatrists globally since the mid-twentieth century: how to bridge the social and cultural gap between psychiatry and its patients? Bringing together archival research with oral histories, Yolana Pringle traces how this question came to dominate both national and international discussions on mental health care reform, including at the World Health Organization, and helped spur a culture of experimentation and creativity globally. As Pringle shows, however, the history of psychiatry during the years of decolonisation remained one of marginality, and ultimately, in the context of war and violence, the decolonisation of psychiatry was incomplete.

The Pathologisation of Homosexuality in Fascist Italy

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ISBN: 9783030009939 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00994-6 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Psychology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:22
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This open access book investigates the pathologisation of homosexuality during the fascist regime in Italy through an analysis of the case of G., a man with "homosexual tendencies" interned in the Collegno mental health hospital in 1928. No systematic study exists on the possibility that Fascism used internment in an asylum as a tool of repression for LGBT people, as an alternative to confinement on an island, prison or home arrests. This research offers evidence that in some cases it did. The book highlights how the dictatorship operated in a low-key, shadowy and undetectable manner, bending pre-existing legislation. Its brutality was - and still is - difficult to prove. It also emphasises the ways in which existing stereotypes on homosexuality were reinforced by the regime propaganda in support of its so-called moralising campaign and how families, the police and the medical professionals joined forces in implementing this form of repression.

25 Years of Transformations of Higher Education Systems in Post-Soviet Countries: Reform and Continuity

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319529790 9783319529806 Year: Pages: 482 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-52980-6 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), Moscow
Subject: History --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 17:21:44
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This open access book is a result of the first ever study of the transformations of the higher education institutional landscape in fifteen former USSR countries after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. It explores how the single Soviet model that developed across the vast and diverse territory of the Soviet Union over several decades has evolved into fifteen unique national systems, systems that have responded to national and global developments while still bearing some traces of the past. The book is distinctive as it presents a comprehensive analysis of the reforms and transformations in the region in the last 25 years; and it focuses on institutional landscape through the evolution of the institutional types established and developed in Pre-Soviet, Soviet and Post-Soviet time. It also embraces all fifteen countries of the former USSR, and provides a comparative analysis of transformations of institutional landscape across Post-Soviet systems. It will be highly relevant for students and researchers in the fields of higher education and and sociology, particularly those with an interest in historical and comparative studies.

Communicative Figurations: Transforming Communications in Times of Deep Mediatization

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Transforming Communications – Studies in Cross-Media Research ISBN: 9783319655833 9783319655840 Year: Pages: 444 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-65584-0 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Universität Bremen
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:20:32
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This open access volume is about how to research the influence of our changing media environment. Today, there is not one single medium that is the driving force of change. With the spreading of various technical communication media such as mobile phone and internet platforms, we are confronted with a media manifold of deep mediatization. But how can we investigate its transformative capability? This book answers this question by taking a non-media-centric perspective, researching the various figurations of collectivities and organizations humans are involved in. The first part of the book outlines a fundamental understanding of the changing media environment of deep mediatization and its transformative capacity. The second part focuses on collectivities and movements: communities in the city, critical social movements, maker, online gaming groups and networked groups of young people. The third part moves institutions and organizations into the foreground, discussing the transformation of journalism, religion, politics, and education, whilst the fourth and final part is dedicated to methodologies and perspectives.

Entrepreneurial Cognition: Exploring the Mindset of Entrepreneurs

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319717814 9783319717821 Year: Pages: 281 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-71782-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: TU Munich
Subject: Business and Management --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:24:47
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This open access book investigates the inter-relationship between the mind and a potential opportunity to explore the psychology of entrepreneurship. Building on recent research, this book offers a broad scope investigation of the different aspects of what goes on in the mind of the (potential) entrepreneur as he or she considers the pursuit of a potential opportunity, the creation of a new organization, and/or the selection of an entrepreneurial career. This book focuses on individuals as the level of analysis and explores the impact of the organization and the environment only inasmuch as they impact the individual’s cognitions. Readers will learn why some individuals and managers are able to able to identify and successfully act upon opportunities in uncertain environments while others are not. This book applies a cognitive lens to understand individuals’ knowledge, motivation, attention, identity, and emotions in the entrepreneurial process.

Research, Ethics and Risk in the Authoritarian Field

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319689654 9783319689661 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-68966-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: University of Amsterdam
Subject: Philosophy --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:53:10
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This open access book offers a synthetic reflection on the authors’ fieldwork experiences in seven countries within the framework of ‘Authoritarianism in a Global Age’, a major comparative research project. It responds to the demand for increased attention to methodological rigor and transparency in qualitative research, and seeks to advance and practically support field research in authoritarian contexts. Without reducing the conundrums of authoritarian field research to a simple how-to guide, the book systematically reflects and reports on the authors’ combined experiences in (i) getting access to the field, (ii) assessing risk, (iii) navigating ‘red lines’, (iv) building relations with local collaborators and respondents, (v) handling the psychological pressures on field researchers, and (vi) balancing transparency and prudence in publishing research. It offers unique insights into this particularly challenging area of field research, makes explicit how the authors handled methodological challenges and ethical dilemmas, and offers recommendations where appropriate.

Solidarity in Europe: Citizens' Responses in Times of Crisis

Authors: ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology ISBN: 9783319733340 9783319733357 Year: Pages: 287 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-73335-7 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: University of Sheffield
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 19:06:50
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This open access volume provides evidence-based knowledge on European solidarity and citizen responses in times of crisis. Does the crisis of European integration translate into a crisis of European solidarity, and if yes, what are the manifestations at the level of individual citizens? How strongly is solidarity rooted at the individual level, both in terms of attitudes and practices? And which driving factors and mechanisms contribute to the reproduction and/or corrosion of solidarity in times of crisis? Using findings from the EU Horizon 2020 funded research project “European paths to transnational solidarity at times of crisis: Conditions, forms, role-models and policy responses” (TransSOL), the books addresses these questions and provides cross-national comparisons of eight European countries – Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Switzerland, and the UK. It will appeal to students, scholars and policymakers interested in the Eurocrisis, politics and sociology.

Weather & Climate Services for the Energy Industry

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ISBN: 9783319684178 9783319684185 Year: Pages: 197 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-68418-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: University of East Anglia; European Centre for Medium-Range Weather; EDF R&D; University of Reading
Subject: Meteorology and Climatology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 19:14:20
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This open access book showcases the burgeoning area of applied research at the intersection between weather and climate science and the energy industry. It illustrates how better communication between science and industry can help both sides. By opening a dialogue, scientists can understand the broader context for their work and the energy industry is able to keep track of and implement the latest scientific advances for more efficient and sustainable energy systems.Weather & Climate Services for the Energy Industry considers the lessons learned in establishing an ongoing discussion between the energy industry and the meteorological community and how its principles and practises can be applied elsewhere. This book will be a useful guiding resource for research and early career practitioners concerned with the energy industry and the new field of research known as energy meteorology.

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