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Performance and Behavior of Family Firms

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ISBN: 9783038427810 9783038427827 Year: Pages: VI, 166 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-782-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-06 13:28:31
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Family involvement characterizes a large number of firms around the world and is thought to significantly impact their strategies, behavior, and performance. Family involvement occurs when a family exerts control over the firm through ownership and management. When family involvement leads to intentions to pursue particularistic goals and strategies, controlling families are more likely to exert a significant influence on firm strategies, behavior, and performance. Indeed, intentions imply that a firm’s strategic behaviors will be oriented toward preserving the economic and socioemotional value of the firm for the family in the long term. Hence, the “essence” of a family firm is thought to be a function of a family’s influence on the culture, functioning, and behavior of the firm owing to the pursuit of a family’s vision for the firm.As a result, family firm behavior is expected to be distinct from those in non-family firms. Despite the inherent differences between family and non-family firms and heterogeneity among family firms, family involvement is under-researched in organizational studies, which limits the generalization of findings and leads to theoretical ambiguity. Financial strategic decisions and activities may be key to understanding differences between family and non-family firms.Therefore, we invited researchers to shed light on how a family uses its influence to affect financial strategies, behavior, and firm performance.

Nutrition, Health and Athletic Performance

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ISBN: 9783038426264 9783038426271 Year: Pages: 528 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-10 13:09:56
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Optimal nutrition is fundamental for enhancing training, recovery and performance in sport. Therefore, research has aimed to determine the efficacy of appropriate intake of nutrients, fluids, and supplements and their role in exercise performance. The purpose of this Special Issue entitled “Nutrition, Health and Athletic Performance” is to highlight recent research examining aspects of sports nutrition and exercise performance. Manuscript submissions of original research, meta-analyses, or reviews of the scientific literature, which targets nutritional strategies to benefit performance and health, are welcome. Studies performed in humans are preferred given the applied nature of this issue.

Selected Papers from Building A Better New Zealand (BBNZ 2014) Conference

ISBN: 9783038420965 9783038420958 Year: Pages: 240 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-12 12:03:19
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Heat Transfer Processes in Oscillatory Flow Conditions

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ISBN: 9783038427094 9783038427100 Year: Pages: VI, 172 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Heat
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-27 16:01:54
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Heat exchange processes in steady flows have been studied extensively over the last two hundred years, and are now a part of undergraduate syllabi in most engineering courses. However, heat transfer processes in oscillatory flow conditions are still not very well understood. Their importance is well recognized in applications including Stirling machines, thermoacoustic engines, and refrigerators or pulsed-tube coolers in cryogenics. Additionally, the enhancement of heat transfer by using oscillatory, and, in some cases, pulsating flows is important in many areas of mechanical and chemical engineering for the intensification of heat transfer processes and possible miniaturization of heat exchangers of the future.This Special Issue was intended as a dissemination platform for researchers working in the field to have an opportunity to consolidate recent advances in this important research area. All types of research approaches were invited, including experimental, theoretical, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and their combinations, while the approaches could be either of a fundamental or applied nature. The guest editor and the editorial team of Applied Sciences hope that the readership will find the selection of ten articles presented here a useful contribution to the emerging field of heat transfer processes in oscillatory flow conditions.

Advanced Hydroinformatic Techniques for the Simulation and Analysis of Water Supply and Distribution Systems

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038429531 9783038429548 Year: Pages: VIII, 370 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Hydraulic Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-19 14:00:08
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The overall objective of this Special Issue is to improve knowledge on developing and using advanced simulation tools in water supply and distribution systems. The final aim is to propose a suitable framework supporting insightful hydraulic mechanisms to help the decision-making processes of water utility managers and practitioners. Contributions to this Special Issue, exploring new research avenues on urban hydraulics and hydroinformatics, will be of great value for both Academia and those water utility stakeholders. On top of this, important social benefits are expected from a number of research objectives that ultimately aim to guarantee a regular supply of clean water at the pressure and quality required at the network consumption points. These objectives include a wide spectrum of subjects, such as demand monitoring and forecasting; network sectorisation; innovative tools for water resources management; leakage detection; system maintenance; transient control; and consumer satisfaction assessment, among others.

Improving Practice and Performance in Basketball

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ISBN: 9783039216949 / 9783039216956 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-695-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Despite being one of the most popular sports worldwide, basketball has received limited research attention compared to other team sports. Establishing a strong evidence base with high-quality and impactful research is essential in enhancing decision-making processes to optimize player performance for basketball professionals. Consequently, the book entitled Improving Performance and Practice in Basketball provides a collection of novel research studies to increase the available evidence on various topics with strong translation to practice in basketball. The book includes work by 40 researchers from 16 institutions or professional organizations from 9 countries. In keeping with notable topics in basketball research, the book contains 2 reviews focused on monitoring strategies to detect player fatigue and considerations for travel in National Basketball Association players. In addition, 8 applied studies are also included in the book, focused on workload monitoring, game-related statistics, and the measurement of physical and skill attributes in basketball players. This book also has a strong focus on increasing the evidence available for female basketball players, who have traditionally been under-represented in the literature. The outcomes generated from this book should provide new insights to inform practice in many areas for professionals working in various roles with basketball teams.

Sustainable Business Models

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ISBN: 9783038975601 / 9783038975618 Year: Pages: 514 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-561-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-25 10:09:38
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The dynamically changing world economy, in an era of intensive development and globalization, creates new needs in both the theoretical models of management and in the practical discussion related to the perception of business. Because of new economic phenomena related to the crisis, there is a need for the design and operationalization of innovative business models for companies. Due to the fact that in times of crisis, the principles of strategic balance are particularly important; these business models can be sustainable business models. Moreover, it is essential to skillfully use different methods and concepts of management to ensure the continuity of business. It seems that sustainable business models, in their essence, can support companies' effectiveness and contribute to their stable, sustainable functioning in the difficult, ever-changing market.This Special Issue aims to discuss the key mechanisms concerning the design and operationalization of sustainable business models, from a strategic perspective. We invite you to contribute to this Issue by submitting comprehensive reviews, case studies, or research articles. Papers selected for this Special Issue are subject to a rigorous peer review procedure, with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, developments, and applications.

PV System Design and Performance

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ISBN: 9783039216222 / 9783039216239 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-623-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Photovoltaic solar energy technology (PV) has been developing rapidly in the past decades, leading to a multi-billion-dollar global market. It is of paramount importance that PV systems function properly, which requires the generation of expected energy both for small-scale systems that consist of a few solar modules and for very large-scale systems containing millions of modules. This book increases the understanding of the issues relevant to PV system design and correlated performance; moreover, it contains research from scholars across the globe in the fields of data analysis and data mapping for the optimal performance of PV systems, faults analysis, various causes for energy loss, and design and integration issues. The chapters in this book demonstrate the importance of designing and properly monitoring photovoltaic systems in the field in order to ensure continued good performance.

Keywords

floating PV generation structure --- fiber reinforced polymeric plastic (FRP) --- pultruded FRP --- sheet molding compound FRP --- structural design --- mooring system --- photovoltaic plants --- software development --- performance analysis --- loss analysis --- graphical malfunction detection --- fuzzy logic controller --- maximum power point tracking (MPPT) --- dc-dc converter --- photovoltaic system --- photovoltaic system --- modeling --- stability analysis --- grid-connected --- photovoltaics --- modules --- shade resilience --- buck converter --- module architecture --- PV array --- FCM algorithm --- cluster analysis --- fault diagnosis --- membership algorithm --- solar energy --- photovoltaic module performance --- organic soiling --- Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) --- floating PV systems (FPV) --- floating PV module (FPVM) --- ANOVA --- Bartlett’s test --- Hartigan’s dip test --- Jarque-Bera’s test --- Kruskal-Wallis’ test --- Mood’s Median test --- residential buildings --- Tukey’s test --- urban context --- solar cells --- AC parameters --- underdamped oscillation --- impedance spectroscopy --- partial shading --- photo-generated current --- photovoltaic performance --- maximum power point --- image processing --- photovoltaic (PV) systems monitoring --- malfunction detection --- data analysis --- PV systems --- cluster analysis --- failure detection --- ageing and degradation of PV-modules --- performance analysis --- UV-fluorescence imaging --- photovoltaic modeling --- parameter estimation --- optimization problem --- metaheuristic --- opposition-based learning --- quasi-opposition based learning --- improved cuckoo search algorithm --- PV energy performance --- PV thermal performance --- thermal interaction --- conventional roof membrane --- vegetated/green roof --- Renewable Energy --- PV systems --- forecast --- energy --- simulation --- silicon --- photovoltaics --- modules --- electroluminescence --- defects --- cracks --- performance ratio --- annual yield --- GIS --- PV system --- spatial analyses --- performance ratio --- GIS --- PV module --- system --- population density --- urban compactness --- solar farm --- photovoltaics --- reactive power support --- STATCOM --- technical costs --- photovoltaic systems --- reliability --- real data --- energy yield --- fault tree analysis --- failure mode and effect analysis --- availability --- failure rates

Brain-Computer Interfaces for Human Augmentation

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ISBN: 9783039219063 / 9783039219070 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-907-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The field of Brain–Computer Interfaces (BCIs) has grown rapidly in the last few decades, allowing the development of faster and more reliable assistive technologies based on direct links between the brain and an external device. Novel applications of BCIs have also been proposed, especially in the area of human augmentation, i.e., enabling people to go beyond human limitations in sensory, cognitive and motor tasks. Brain-imaging techniques, such as electroencephalography, have been used to extract neural correlates of various brain processes and transform them, via machine learning, into commands for external devices. Brain stimulation technology has allowed to trigger the activation of specific brain areas to enhance the cognitive processes associated to the task at hand, hence improving performance. BCIs have therefore extended their scope from assistive technologies for people with disabilities to neuro-tools for human enhancement. This Special Issue aims at showing the recent advances in BCIs for human augmentation, highlighting new results on both traditional and novel applications. These include, but are not limited to, control of external devices, communication, cognitive enhancement, decision making and entertainment.

Solar Energy Applications in Houses, Smart Cities and Microgrids

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ISBN: 9783039280681 / 9783039280698 Year: Pages: 96 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-069-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Five papers were selected for this Special Issue, with three relating to solar energy applications in houses, smart cities, and microgrids; one studying the relationship between the smart city model and the concept of energy sustainability; and one addressing the following two topics: the lack of effectiveness of detection algorithms based on the voltage/frequency displacement concept under voltage-controlled inverters and the applicability limits of others based on the impedance measurement (IM).

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