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Disability Human Rights Law

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ISBN: 9783038423898 9783038423881 Year: Pages: VIII, 162 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-388-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-09 09:00:41
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Disability Human Rights Law is an emerging field. It is an amalgamation of human rights law, disability studies, and disability rights law. It views rights in a novel way, opening a new line of scholarly inquiry. It sees rights as they apply to the individual, with regard to the individual’s particular abilities, needs, and circumstances.Disability Human Rights Law represents a shift in the field of human rights. The traditional, and often archaic, rights boundaries are broken down. Civil and political rights exist entwined with social, economic, and cultural rights. The rights of the community and the rights of the individual are not always distinguishable and are often dependent upon one another. The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is the epitome of this shift and the epicenter of a new wave of rights protection.This book focuses on this new field. The aim of the book is to begin to explore the potential of Disability Human Rights Law to transform modern human rights law.

Disability Human Rights Law 2018

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ISBN: 9783038972501 9783038972518 Year: Pages: 225 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-251-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Arts in general --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 12:11:27
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Disability human rights law is a rapidly growing field. It merges critical disability studies, disability rights, and human rights to inform, identify, analyse, and create solutions to help protect the human rights of people with disabilities. This is the second volume of the Disability Human Rights Law edited collection. This volume delves deeper into this emerging field and begins to explore what human rights law means for people with disabilities, as well as what innovations people with disabilities are bringing to the field of human rights law.

Social Safety and Security

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ISBN: 9783039281466 / 9783039281473 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-147-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Social safety in social environments entails the sense of feeling safe with other people. Thus, social safety and security are very important to our life. Although research in this area has made significant progress in the past few years, there are still many social problems that require attention and further development in order to secure peace of mind. There is a very clear and accurate understanding and judgment of the overall situation of social security in the current and future period. This Special Issue focuses on a number of contemporary issues in social safety and security. The objective of this book is to rapidly disseminate the latest research and knowledge in this important area.

Neglected and Emerging Tropical Diseases in South and Southeast Asia and Northern Australia

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038970897 9783038970903 Year: Pages: VIII, 154 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-15 11:15:00
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This Special Issue focuses on recent research on the important emerging and neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in South and South East Asia and Northern Australia. This region stretches from Afghanistan in the west to Papua New Guinea in the east, and includes the Indian subcontinent, mainland South-East Asia (Indo China), maritime South East Asia, and the tropical regions of Australia. Many of these areas are highly endemic for important NTDs and emerging infectious diseases including lymphatic filariasis, leprosy, soil-transmitted helminthiases (hookworm, Trichuris, Ascaris, and Strongyloides), food-borne trematodiases, schistosomiasis, dengue/chikungunya/zika, leptospirosis, meloidosis, scabies, trachoma, and yaws. Several of these diseases are targeted for elimination or enhanced control by the World Health Organization in the next 5 to 10 years, although some have chronic lasting sequelae needing lifelong management. Control methods used include preventive chemotherapy, enhanced screening and treatment, intensified disease management, vector control, interruption of human to animal transmission, environmental/sanitation improvements and disability prevention/mitigation.

Theodicy

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ISBN: 9783038972280 / 9783038972297 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-229-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The problem of evil has vexed for centuries:

Keywords

theodicy --- queer reading --- gay studies --- liberation theology --- sadomasochism --- suffering --- theodicy --- theodicism --- antitheodicy --- antitheodicism --- realism --- metaphysical realism --- recognition --- acknowledgment --- literature --- the Book of Job --- Roth, Joseph --- creation --- philosophy of religion --- multiverses --- suffering --- black lives matter --- theodicy --- race --- racial disregard --- Marilynne Robinson --- Home --- Gilead trilogy --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- suffering love --- hope --- the problem of evil --- type and token values --- indeterminism --- Paul Celan --- Nelly Sachs --- Martin Heidegger --- Todtnauberg --- Zurichat the Stork --- enestological theodicy --- god --- evil --- infinite value --- the problem of evil --- Anselmianism --- God --- evil --- universe --- world --- multiverse --- Almeida --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- Marilyn Adams --- Richard Swinburne --- mystical body --- god --- evil --- goodness --- religion --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- Qur’an --- Job --- good --- evil --- al Ghaz?l? --- mysticism --- Islam --- theodicy --- problem of evil --- horrendous evil --- disability --- rational moral wish satisfaction --- Marilyn McCord Adams --- anti-theodicy --- theodicy --- suffering --- epistemic injustice --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- anti-theodicy --- Emmanuel Levinas --- Primo Levi --- suffering --- Margaret Cavendish --- theodicy --- problem of evil --- free will --- feminist ethics --- atrocity paradigm --- redemptive goods --- divine justice --- Flannery O’Connor --- Teilhard de Chardin --- good and evil --- theodicy --- Christian vision --- n/a

Towards Mechanism-based Treatments for Fragile X Syndrome

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039215058 / 9783039215065 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-506-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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It has been more than 25 years since the identification of the FMR1 gene and the demonstration of the causative role of CGG-repeat expansion in the disease pathology of fragile X syndrome (FXS), but the underlying mechanisms involved in the expansion mutation and the resulting gene silencing still remain elusive. Our understanding of the pathways impacted by the loss of FMRP function has grown tremendously, and has opened new avenues for targeted treatments for FXS. However, the failure of recent clinical trials that were based on successful preclinical studies using the Fmr1 knockout mouse model has forced the scientific community to revisit clinical trial design and identify objective outcome measures. There has also been a renewed interest in restoring FMR1 gene expression as a possible treatment approach for FXS. This special issue of Brain Sciences highlights the progress that has been made towards understanding the disease mechanisms and how this has informed the development of treatment strategies that are being explored for FXS.

Keywords

fragile X syndrome --- clinical trials --- targeted treatments --- drug development --- fragile X syndrome --- clinical trials --- treatment development --- best practices --- fragile X syndrome --- newborn screening --- early identification --- fragile X syndrome --- X chromosome --- females --- FMR1 --- anxiety --- avoidance --- cognition --- behavior --- brain --- Fragile X --- FMRP --- Fxr2 --- Fmr1 --- fragile X syndrome --- executive function --- working memory --- set-shifting --- cognitive flexibility --- inhibitory control --- attention --- planning --- processing speed --- Fragile X syndrome 1 --- Fragile X-associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome 2 --- CRISPR 3 --- Trinucleotide Repeat 4 --- Gene editing --- fragile X syndrome --- FMR1 gene --- voice of the person --- voice of the patient --- characteristics that have the greatest impact --- developmental disorders --- fragile X syndrome --- language development --- automated vocal analysis --- adeno-associated virus --- autism spectrum disorders --- cerebral spinal fluid --- fragile X mental retardation protein --- neurodevelopmental disorders --- viral vector --- fragile X syndrome --- gene reactivation --- RNA:DNA hybrid --- FMRP --- histone methylation --- DNA methylation --- FMR1 --- PRC2 --- fragile X syndrome --- unstable repeat diseases --- epigenetic gene silencing --- DNA methylation --- repeat instability --- pluripotent stem cells --- CGG Repeat Expansion Disease --- DNA instability --- expansion --- contraction --- mismatch repair (MMR) --- base excision repair (BER) --- transcription coupled repair (TCR) --- double-strand break repair (DSBR) --- Non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) --- mosaicism --- protein synthesis --- Fragile X Syndrome --- biomarker --- iPSC --- fibroblast --- lymphoblast --- fragile X syndrome --- molecular biomarkers --- FMR1 --- FMRP --- intellectual disability --- Fmr1 KO mouse --- ASD --- n/a

Polyamine Metabolism in Disease and Polyamine-Targeted Therapies

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ISBN: 9783039211524 / 9783039211531 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-153-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Polyamines are ubiquitous polycations essential for all cellular life. The most common polyamines in eukaryotes, spermine, spermidine, and putrescine, exist in millimolar intracellular concentrations that are tightly regulated through biosynthesis, catabolism, and transport. Polyamines interact with, and regulate, negatively charged macromolecules, including nucleic acids, proteins, and ion channels. Accordingly, alterations in polyamine metabolism affect cellular proliferation and survival through changes in gene expression and transcription, translation, autophagy, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. Dysregulation of these multifaceted polyamine functions contribute to multiple disease processes, thus their metabolism and function have been targeted for preventive or therapeutic intervention. The correlation between elevated polyamine levels and cancer is well established, and ornithine decarboxylase, the rate-limiting biosynthetic enzyme in the production of putrescine, is a bona fide transcriptional target of the Myc oncogene. Furthermore, induced polyamine catabolism contributes to carcinogenesis that is associated with certain forms of chronic infection and/or inflammation through the production of reactive oxygen species. These and other characteristics specific to cancer cells have led to the development of polyamine-based agents and inhibitors aimed at exploiting the polyamine metabolic pathway for chemotherapeutic and chemopreventive benefit. In addition to cancer, polyamines are involved in the pathologies of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, parasitic and infectious diseases, wound healing, ischemia/reperfusion injuries, and certain age-related conditions, as polyamines are known to decrease with age. As in cancer, polyamine-based therapies for these conditions are an area of active investigation. With recent advances in immunotherapy, interest has increased regarding polyamine-associated modulation of immune responses, as well as potential immunoregulation of polyamine metabolism, the results of which could have relevance to multiple disease processes. The goal of this Special Issue of Medical Sciences is to present the most recent advances in polyamine research as it relates to health, disease, and/or therapy.

Keywords

polyamine transport inhibitor --- Drosophila imaginal discs --- difluoromethylorthinine --- DFMO --- polyamine --- cancer --- metabolism --- difluoromethylornithine --- polyamine transport inhibitor --- pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma --- curcumin --- diferuloylmethane --- ornithine decarboxylase --- polyamine --- NF-?B --- chemoprevention --- carcinogenesis --- polyphenol --- ornithine decarboxylase --- polyamines --- untranslated region --- polyamines --- ?-difluoromethylornithine --- polyamine transport system --- melanoma --- mutant BRAF --- spermine --- spermidine --- putrescine --- polyamine metabolism --- mast cells --- eosinophils --- neutrophils --- M2 macrophages --- airway smooth muscle cells --- Streptococcus pneumoniae --- polyamines --- pneumococcal pneumonia --- proteomics --- capsule --- complementation --- metabolism --- cadaverine --- polyamines --- ornithine decarboxylase --- difluoromethylornithine --- eflornithine --- DFMO --- African sleeping sickness --- hirsutism --- colorectal cancer --- neuroblastoma --- aging --- atrophy --- autophagy --- oxidative stress --- polyamines --- skeletal muscle --- spermidine --- spermine oxidase --- transgenic mouse --- immunity --- T-lymphocytes --- B-lymphocytes --- tumor immunity --- metabolism --- epigenetics --- autoimmunity --- polyamines --- ornithine decarboxylase --- polyamine analogs --- spermidine/spermine N1-acetyl transferase --- spermine oxidase --- bis(ethyl)polyamine analogs --- breast cancer --- MCF-7 cells --- transgenic mice --- polyamines --- MYC --- protein synthesis in cancer --- neuroblastoma --- protein expression --- antizyme 1 --- ornithine decarboxylase --- CRISPR --- human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) --- cell differentiation --- DFMO --- ornithine decarboxylase --- osteosarcoma --- polyamines --- polyamines --- polyamine metabolism --- antizyme --- antizyme inhibitors --- ornithine decarboxylase --- Snyder-Robinson Syndrome --- spermine synthase --- X-linked intellectual disability --- polyamine transport --- spermidine --- spermine --- transglutaminase

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CC by-nc-nd (7)


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