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Urban and Periurban Forest Diversity and Ecosystem Service

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ISBN: 9783038424116 9783038424109 Year: Pages: XII, 272 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-16 08:16:02
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Recent special issues in various journals have focused on “urban ecosystem services”. There is also an increasing amount of studies on “urban ecology”, “urban tree management”, “arboriculture”, “urban biodiversity”, and “ecosystem services” from wildland forests. This Special Issue aims to fill a void and focus on the socio-ecological diversity and the economic value of the ecosystem services from urban and peri-urban forests. Urban and peri-urban forests are tree dominated ecosystems in and near human settlements, while ecosystem services are the direct economic, social, and environmental benefits provided by their structural components and ecological functions.

Religion, Welfare and Social Service Provision. Common Ground

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ISBN: 9783038977605 9783038977612 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-761-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Religion, Welfare, and Social Service Provision: Common Ground delves deeply into the partnerships forged between religious communities, government agencies and nonprofits to deliver social services to the needy. These pages offer a considered examination of how local faith entities have served those in their midst, and how the provision of those services has been impacted by evolving social policies. This foundational volume brings together the work of more than two dozen leading researchers, each providing long overdue scholarly inquiry into religiously affiliated helping and the many possibilities that it holds for effective cooperation.

Ecosystemic Evolution Feeded by Smart Systems

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ISBN: 9783038428299 9783038428305 Year: Pages: VI, 170 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-13 13:08:42
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Information Society is advancing along a route of ecosystemic evolution. ICT and Internet advancements, together with the progression of the systemic approach for enhancement and application of Smart Systems, are grounding such an evolution. The needed approach is therefore expected to evolve by increasingly fitting into the basic requirements of a significant general enhancement of human and social well-being, within all spheres of life (public, private, professional). This implies enhancing and exploiting the net-living virtual space, to make it a virtuous beneficial integration of the real-life space. Meanwhile, contextual evolution of smart cities is aiming at strongly empowering that ecosystemic approach by enhancing and diffusing net-living benefits over our own lived territory, while also incisively targeting a new stable socio-economic local development, according to social, ecological, and economic sustainability requirements. This territorial focus matches with a new glocal vision, which enables a more effective diffusion of benefits in terms of well-being, thus moderating the current global vision primarily fed by a global-scale market development view.Basic technological advancements have thus to be pursued at the system-level. They include system architecting for virtualization of functions, data integration and sharing, flexible basic service composition, and end-service personalization viability, for the operation and interoperation of smart systems, supporting effective net-living advancements in all application fields. Increasing and basically mandatory importance must also be increasingly reserved for human–technical and social–technical factors, as well as to the associated need of empowering the cross-disciplinary approach for related research and innovation. The prospected eco-systemic impact also implies a social pro-active participation, as well as coping with possible negative effects of net-living in terms of social exclusion and isolation, which require incisive actions for a conformal socio-cultural development. In this concern, speed, continuity, and expected long-term duration of innovation processes, pushed by basic technological advancements, make ecosystemic requirements stricter. This evolution requires also a new approach, targeting development of the needed basic and vocational education for net-living, which is to be considered as an engine for the development of the related ‘new living know-how’, as well as of the conformal ‘new making know-how’.

QoS in Wireless Sensor/Actuator Networks and Systems

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ISBN: 9783038973621 9783038973638 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-363-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-26 10:59:38
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Wireless sensor/actuators networks (WSANs) are being increasingly used in a panoply of applications, such as industrial automation, process control, ambient assisted living, structural health monitoring, and homeland security. Most of these applications require specific quality-of-service (QoS) guarantees from their underlying communication infrastructures (regardless of their wireless, wired, or hybrid nature).This book gathers together an extremely rich set of contributions, addressing several WSAN domains and sharing QoS as a common denominator. Eight papers have made it through a rigorous and iterative peer review process (three reviews per paper, at least two review rounds), involving 38 authors from all over the world (North and South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia) from academia, industry, and the military. Each paper features at least one reference author which is highly reputed in this scientific domain, totaling over 100,000 citations altogether.

Tourism Destination Management

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ISBN: 9783039214716 9783039214723 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-472-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book collected studies focused on the management of tourist destinations. Destinations are complex and adaptive systems, where the different elements that make them up have to be oriented towards achieving a common objective that improves the competitiveness of the destination. Five main lines of research on tourist destinations can be established: 1) the management, planning, and marketing of destinations, with special attention to the tourism supply chain, communication, and integral management; 2) the sustainability of resources and capabilities; 3) the renewal of destinations in order to update their offer and main resources to maintain competitiveness; 4) online reputation and communication through social media in order to create and enhance a strong brand image and customer loyalty; and 5) the application of new technologies in order to develop smart destinations. The book is made up of five research studies that focus on analyzing the transition towards a more circular tourist activity in hotels, image as a competitive factor of destinations, the value of cultural creativity, the coherence of online reputation, and the relationship between hotel prices and online reputation in different tourist destinations.

Sustainable Residential Landscapes:An International Perspective

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ISBN: 9783039218721 9783039218738 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-873-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Architecture --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This book is a compilation of 10 recently published academic articles addressing sustainable residential landscape design and planning across geographies, scales, and perspectives: from American rain garden design to South Korean urban forestry; from Mexican community open space design to Australian neighborhood park planning; and from Chinese urban design to Bolivian land-use change. This volume brings together authors from a growing community of landscape sustainability scholars of landscape architecture and architecture; planning and construction; ecology and horticulture; agricultural and environmental sciences; and health, exercise, and nutrition. In summary, these papers address facets of a fundamental challenge for the 21st century: the design and planning of sustainable and resilient human settlements.

New Industry 4.0 Advances in Industrial IoT and Visual Computing for Manufacturing Processes

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ISBN: 9783039282906 9783039282913 Year: Pages: 428 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-291-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Industrial Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Modern factories are experiencing rapid digital transformation supported by emerging technologies, such as the Industrial Internet of things (IIOT), industrial big data and cloud technologies, deep learning and deep analytics, AI, intelligent robotics, cyber-physical systems and digital twins, complemented by visual computing (including new forms of artificial vision with machine learning, novel HMI, simulation, and visualization). This is evident in the global trend of Industry 4.0. The impact of these technologies is clear in the context of high-performance manufacturing. Important improvements can be achieved in productivity, systems reliability, quality verification, etc. Manufacturing processes, based on advanced mechanical principles, are enhanced by big data analytics on industrial sensor data. In current machine tools and systems, complex sensors gather useful data, which is captured, stored, and processed with edge, fog, or cloud computing. These processes improve with digital monitoring, visual data analytics, AI, and computer vision to achieve a more productive and reliable smart factory. New value chains are also emerging from these technological changes. This book addresses these topics, including contributions deployed in production, as well as general aspects of Industry 4.0.

Keywords

cutting insert selection --- cutting parameter optimization --- artificial neural networks --- genetic algorithm --- connected enterprise --- smart manufacturing --- big data --- machine learning --- data reduction --- predictive analytics --- in-line dimensional inspection --- warm forming --- 3D mesh reconstruction --- optical system --- revolution workpiece --- defect detection --- polymer lithium-ion battery --- convolutional neural network --- deep learning --- blister defect --- flower pollination algorithm --- Industry 4.0 --- anomaly detection --- scheduling --- neural network --- skyline queries --- Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) --- scalability test --- Internet of Things (IoT) --- INDUSTRY 4.0 --- economic recession --- research and development indicators --- maintenance expert --- competence --- decision support --- micro-armature --- defect detection --- convolutional neural networks --- computer vision --- capacity control --- job shop systems --- RMTs --- operator theory --- 4th industrial revolution --- industry 4.0 --- AHP --- QFD --- matching --- fibre of preserved Szechuan pickle --- contour detection --- dilated convolutions --- HED --- social network --- industry 4.0 --- industrial knowledge graph --- deep learning --- industrial big data --- intellectualization of industrial information --- digital manufacturing --- smart factory --- Industry 4.0 --- digital platforms --- automated surface inspection --- D-VGG16 --- bilinear model --- Grad-CAM --- classification --- localization --- elliptical paraboloid array --- self-calibration method --- vertex distance --- optical slope sensor --- geometric relationship --- relative angle --- fabric defect detection --- LGM --- FCM --- image smoothing --- Industry 4.0 --- marketing innovations --- innovative marketing tools --- impacts marketing innovations --- Industry 4.0 --- configure-to-order --- BIM --- construction equipment --- digital information flow --- lean assembly --- digital twins --- cyber-physical production systems --- depthwise separable convolution --- YOLOv3 --- feature pyramid --- aircraft structure crack detection --- industrial load management --- demand-side management --- demand-side response --- energy flexibility --- IT concept --- platform-based ecosystem --- control service --- smart service --- control as a service --- cloud-based control system --- automation system --- chatter --- train wheel --- smart system --- turning --- edge computing --- n/a

Advances in Water Distribution Networks

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ISBN: 9783038975564 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-557-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:42:05
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The Special Issue on Advances in Water Distribution Networks (WDNs) explores four important topics of research in the framework of WDNs, namely simulation and optimization modelling, topology and partitioning, water quality, and service effectiveness. With regard to the first topic, the following aspects are addressed: pressure-driven formulations, algorithms for the optimal location of control valves to minimize leakage, the benefits of water discharge prediction for the remote real time control of valves, and transients generated by pumps operating as turbines. In the context of the second topic, a topological taxonomy of WDNs is presented, and partitioning methods for the creation of district metered areas are compared. In relation to the third topic, the vulnerability to trihalomethane is assessed, and a statistical optimization model to minimize heavy metal releases is presented. Finally, the fourth topic focusses on the estimation of non-revenue water, including leakage and unauthorized consumption, and on the assessment of service under intermittent supply conditions.

Open Access and the Library

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ISBN: 9783038977407 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-741-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Libraries are places of learning and knowledge creation. Over the last two decades, digital technology—and the changes that came with it—have accelerated this transformation to a point where evolution starts to become a revolution.The wider Open Science movement, and Open Access in particular, is one of these changes and is already having a profound impact. Under the subscription model, the role of libraries was to buy or license content on behalf of their users and then act as gatekeepers to regulate access on behalf of rights holders. In a world where all research is open, the role of the library is shifting from licensing and disseminating to facilitating and supporting the publishing process itself.This requires a fundamental shift in terms of structures, tasks, and skills. It also changes the idea of a library’s collection. Under the subscription model, contemporary collections largely equal content bought from publishers. Under an open model, the collection is more likely to be the content created by the users of the library (researchers, staff, students, etc.), content that is now curated by the library.Instead of selecting external content, libraries have to understand the content created by their own users and help them to make it publicly available—be it through a local repository, payment of article processing charges, or through advice and guidance. Arguably, this is an overly simplified model that leaves aside special collections and other areas. Even so, it highlights the changes that research libraries are undergoing, changes that are likely to accelerate as a result of initiatives such as Plan S.This Special Issue investigates some of the changes in today’s library services that relate to open access.

Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying

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ISBN: 9783039210800 9783039210817 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-081-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Despite the significant decrease in bullying that has been reported in many countries during the last two decades, bullying continues to be a significant problem among young people. Given the increase of internet use among youth, researchers have started to pay attention to cyberspace, understanding that it may be a fertile ground for bullying behaviors, specifically, what is known as cyberbullying. “Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying” examines the association of several family variables with bullying in offline and online environments during childhood and adolescence. Contributors from the Americas, Canada, Asia, and Europe offer cutting-edge research on family dynamics, bystander behaviors, parents’ and educators’ perceptions, and bullying and cyberbullying prevention and intervention strategies of bullying for school and home. This book also provides an analysis of the current research on the influence of family in the electronic bullying. Research topics included in the book: 1) Parental education and bullying and cyberbullying; 2) Parental monitoring and cyberbullying; 3) Parental communication and feelings of affiliation; 4) Student and educator perspective on cyberbullying; 5) Parents’ responses to bullying; 6) Parental mediation and bystander behaviors; 7) Development of scales to measure cyberbullying and high internet risks. “Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying” is an essential resource for researchers, graduate students, families, and practitioners in social education, social work, teacher education, and psychology.

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