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Sport, Spirituality, and Religion: New Intersections

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ISBN: 9783039218301 9783039218318 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-831-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The research studies included in this Special Issue highlight the fundamental contribution of the knowledge of environmental history to conscious and efficient environment conservation and management. The long-term perspective of the dynamics that govern the human–climate ecosystem is becoming one of the main focuses of interest in biological and earth system sciences. Multidisciplinary bio-geo-archaeo investigations into the underlying processes of human impact on the landscape are crucial to envisage possible future scenarios of biosphere responses to global warming and biodiversity losses. This Special Issue seeks to engage an interdisciplinary dialog on the dynamic interactions between nature and society, focusing on long-term environmental data as an essential tool for better-informed landscape management decisions to achieve an equilibrium between conservation and sustainable resource exploitation.

Health Promotion in Children and Adolescents through Sport and Physical Activities

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ISBN: 9783038978862 9783038978879 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-887-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Sports Medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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I made the important decision to manage a Special Issue, because I believe it to be extremely important to focus on children’s and adolescents’ physiological and psychological development. I aimed to collect research that investigates the role of physical activity and sport on physical and mental well-being, with a particular focus on practical implications, innovation, tools, and technique. This Special Issue, “Health Promotion in Children and Adolescents through Sport and Physical Activities” addresses pediatric exercise science as a key scientific discipline able to help future generations live longer and better. It is already clear that sedentariness and a low level of muscular strength and power significantly affects cognitive functions and daily relations, but it is interesting to understand the key determinants and how we can help practitioners better manage these concerns in their patients. Authors were invited to submit letters, original research papers, case studies, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews.

Public Choice

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ISBN: 9783039212712 9783039212729 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-272-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Interest in politics and the political process—topics that economists consider to be the purview of the sub-field of study known as public choice—appears to be as high as ever. This Special Issue aims to provide a collection of high-quality studies covering many of the varied topics traditionally investigated in the growing field of public choice economics. These include expressive and instrumental voting, checks and balances in the enforcement of rules, electoral disproportionality, foreign aid and political freedom, voting cycles, (in)stability of political ideology, federal spending on environmental goods, pork-barrel and general appropriations spending, politics and taxpayer funding for professional sports arenas, and political scandal and “friends-and-neighbors” voting in general elections. In bringing these topics together in one place, this Special Issue offers a mix of conceptual/formal and empirical studies in public choice economics.

Improving Practice and Performance in Basketball

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ISBN: 9783039216949 9783039216956 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-695-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Despite being one of the most popular sports worldwide, basketball has received limited research attention compared to other team sports. Establishing a strong evidence base with high-quality and impactful research is essential in enhancing decision-making processes to optimize player performance for basketball professionals. Consequently, the book entitled Improving Performance and Practice in Basketball provides a collection of novel research studies to increase the available evidence on various topics with strong translation to practice in basketball. The book includes work by 40 researchers from 16 institutions or professional organizations from 9 countries. In keeping with notable topics in basketball research, the book contains 2 reviews focused on monitoring strategies to detect player fatigue and considerations for travel in National Basketball Association players. In addition, 8 applied studies are also included in the book, focused on workload monitoring, game-related statistics, and the measurement of physical and skill attributes in basketball players. This book also has a strong focus on increasing the evidence available for female basketball players, who have traditionally been under-represented in the literature. The outcomes generated from this book should provide new insights to inform practice in many areas for professionals working in various roles with basketball teams.

Philosophical Issues in Sport Science

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ISBN: 9783039218882 9783039218899 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-889-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The role and value of science within sport increases with ever greater professionalization and commercialization. Scientific and technological innovations are devised to increase performance, ensure greater accuracy of measurement and officiating, reduce risks of harm, enhance spectatorship, and raise revenues. However, such innovations inevitably come up against epistemological and metaphysical problems related to the nature of sport and physical competition. This Special Issue identifies and explores key and contemporary philosophical issues in relation to the science of sport and exercise. It is divided into three sections: 1. Scientific evidence, causation, and sport; 2. Science technology and sport officiating; and 3. Scientific influences on the construction of sport. It brings together scholars working on philosophical problems in sport to examine issues related to the values and assumptions behind sport and exercise science and key problems resulting from these and to provide recommendations for improving its practice.

Keywords

elite sports --- sport nutrition --- standards of evidence --- evidence-based practices --- randomized controlled trials --- philosophy of medicine --- casuistry --- umpiring and refereeing --- technological assistance to match officials --- justice and continuity in match officiating --- ball trackers --- goal-line technology --- football --- cricket --- tennis --- transgender --- trans women --- sport --- testosterone --- gender --- gender binary --- sports tournaments --- team rankings --- intransitive dominance --- win-loops --- social choice theory --- Condorcet’s paradox --- championship pluralism --- technology --- running --- fairness --- competition --- accuracy --- officiating --- justice --- the human element --- technology --- Hawk-Eye --- aesthetics of sports --- counterfactuals --- absence causation --- causal necessity --- causal contingency --- david kellogg lewis --- prelusory goal --- possible sport worlds --- metaphysics of sport --- causation in sport --- sport ethics --- technology --- the spirit of sport --- excellence --- anti-doping --- nature --- governance --- ethics --- testosterone --- discrimination --- integrity --- science --- fair-play --- sport --- athletics --- exercise science --- philosophy --- sport psychology --- materialism --- Aristotle --- causation and nature --- exercise professional --- professional knowledge --- health --- wellbeing --- philosophy --- medicalization --- scientism --- biomedicine --- sport science --- epistemology --- ontology --- causation --- technology --- evidence

Coffee and Caffeine Consumption for Human Health

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ISBN: 9783039286287 / 9783039286294 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-629-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The year 2019 has been prolific in terms of new evidence regarding the effects of coffee and caffeine consumption on diverse aspects of human functioning. This book collects 20 high-quality manuscripts published in Nutrients that include original investigation or systematic review studies of the effects of caffeine intake on human performance and health. The diversity of the articles published in this Special Issue highlights the extent of the effects of coffee and caffeine on human functioning, while underpinning the positive nature of most of these effects. This book will help with understanding why the natural sources of caffeine are so widely present in the nutrition behaviors of modern society.

Keywords

pharmacokinetics --- energy drink --- exercise --- elite athlete --- performance --- football --- RPE --- DOMS --- sport performance --- supplementation --- ergogenic aids --- consumer --- behavior --- perception --- coffee --- health --- consumption motives --- coffee/caffeine --- systematic review and meta-analysis --- prospective studies --- epidemiology --- cancer prevention --- colorectal cancer --- individual responses --- responders --- exercise performance --- ergogenic aids --- caffeine --- coffee --- tea --- energy drinks --- pregnancy --- newborn --- caffeine --- ergogenic aid --- resistance training --- isokinetic testing --- adrenal gland --- caffeine --- corticosterone --- puberty --- rat --- sex-difference --- caffeine --- energy drinks --- fatigue --- mood state --- exercise --- supplement --- resistance exercise --- speed --- repetition --- n/a --- metabolome --- skeletal muscle --- exercise --- muscle contraction --- ergogenic effect --- bench press --- upper limb --- resistance exercise --- ergogenic substances --- time under tension --- 1RM test --- caffeine --- metabolites --- phenotyping --- CYP450 --- NAT --- xanthine oxidase --- actigraphy --- athletic --- coffee --- ergogenic aid --- supplement --- anaerobic --- caffeine --- CMJ --- ergogenic aids --- exercise --- nutrition --- sport supplement --- Wingate --- electromyography --- efficiency --- sport --- exercise --- expectancy --- belief --- perceptions --- placebo effect --- recovery --- strength --- power --- sprint performance --- menstrual cycle --- fatigue --- placebo --- ergogenic --- EEG–EMG coherence --- n/a --- women --- resistance exercise --- exercise training --- velocity --- ergogenic aid --- muscle function --- n/a

Nutrition Support for Athletic Performance

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ISBN: 9783039283620 / 9783039283637 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-363-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Athletes and their support personnel are constantly seeking evidence-informed recommendations to enhance athletic performance during competition and to optimize training-induced adaptations. Accordingly, nutritional and supplementation strategies are commonplace when seeking to achieve these aims, with such practices being implemented before, during, or after competition and/or training in a periodized manner. Performance nutrition is becoming increasingly specialized and needs to consider the diversity of athletes and the nature of the competitions. This Special Issue, Nutrition Support for Athletic Performance, describes recent advances in these areas.

Evolutionary Computation

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ISBN: 9783039219285 9783039219292 Year: Pages: 424 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-929-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Computational intelligence is a general term for a class of algorithms designed by nature's wisdom and human intelligence. Computer scientists have proposed many computational intelligence algorithms with heuristic features. These algorithms either mimic the evolutionary processes of the biological world, mimic the physiological structure and bodily functions of the organism,

Keywords

artificial bee colony algorithm (ABC) --- cloud model --- normal cloud model --- Y conditional cloud generator --- global optimum --- evolution --- computation --- urban design --- biology --- shape grammar --- architecture --- SPEA 2 --- energy-efficient job shop scheduling --- dispatching rule --- nonlinear convergence factor --- mutation operation --- whale optimization algorithm --- particle swarm optimization --- confidence term --- random weight --- benchmark functions --- t-test --- success rates --- average iteration times --- set-union knapsack problem --- moth search algorithm --- transfer function --- discrete algorithm --- evolutionary multi-objective optimization --- convergence point --- acceleration search --- evolutionary computation --- optimization --- bat algorithm (BA) --- bat algorithm with multiple strategy coupling (mixBA) --- CEC2013 benchmarks --- Wilcoxon test --- Friedman test --- facility layout design --- single loop --- monarch butterfly optimization --- slicing tree structure --- material handling path --- integrated design --- wireless sensor networks (WSNs) --- DV-Hop algorithm --- multi-objective DV-Hop localization algorithm --- NSGA-II-DV-Hop --- first-arrival picking --- fuzzy c-means --- particle swarm optimization --- range detection --- minimum total dominating set --- evolutionary algorithm --- genetic algorithm --- local search --- constrained optimization problems (COPs) --- evolutionary algorithms (EAs) --- firefly algorithm (FA) --- stochastic ranking (SR) --- Artificial bee colony --- swarm intelligence --- elite strategy --- dimension learning --- global optimization --- DE algorithm --- ?-Hilbert space --- topology structure --- quantum uncertainty property --- numerical simulation --- whale optimization algorithm --- flexible job shop scheduling problem --- nonlinear convergence factor --- adaptive weight --- variable neighborhood search --- elephant herding optimization --- EHO --- swarm intelligence --- individual updating strategy --- large-scale --- benchmark --- diversity maintenance --- particle swarm optimizer --- entropy --- large scale optimization --- minimum load coloring --- memetic algorithm --- evolutionary --- local search --- particle swarm optimization --- large-scale optimization --- adaptive multi-swarm --- diversity maintenance --- deep learning --- convolutional neural network --- rock types --- automatic identification --- monarch butterfly optimization --- greedy optimization algorithm --- global position updating operator --- 0-1 knapsack problems

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (8)


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CC by-nc-nd (8)


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english (6)

eng (2)


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2020 (3)

2019 (5)