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Advances in Ceramics - Synthesis and Characterization, Processing and Specific Applications

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ISBN: 9789533075051 Year: Pages: 534 DOI: 10.5772/985 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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The current book contains twenty-two chapters and is divided into three sections. Section I consists of nine chapters which discuss synthesis through innovative as well as modified conventional techniques of certain advanced ceramics (e.g. target materials, high strength porous ceramics, optical and thermo-luminescent ceramics, ceramic powders and fibers) and their characterization using a combination of well known and advanced techniques. Section II is also composed of nine chapters, which are dealing with the aqueous processing of nitride ceramics, the shape and size optimization of ceramic components through design methodologies and manufacturing technologies, the sinterability and properties of ZnNb oxide ceramics, the grinding optimization, the redox behaviour of ceria based and related materials, the alloy reinforcement by ceramic particles addition, the sintering study through dihedral surface angle using AFM and the surface modification and properties induced by a laser beam in pressings of ceramic powders. Section III includes four chapters which are dealing with the deposition of ceramic powders for oxide fuel cells preparation, the perovskite type ceramics for solid fuel cells, the ceramics for laser applications and fabrication and the characterization and modeling of protonic ceramics.

Sintering of Ceramics - New Emerging Techniques

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ISBN: 9789535100171 Year: Pages: 626 DOI: 10.5772/1882 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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The chapters covered in this book include emerging new techniques on sintering. Major experts in this field contributed to this book and presented their research. Topics covered in this publication include Spark plasma sintering, Magnetic Pulsed compaction, Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic technology for the preparation of 3-dimesinal circuits, Microwave sintering of thermistor ceramics, Synthesis of Bio-compatible ceramics, Sintering of Rare Earth Doped Bismuth Titanate Ceramics prepared by Soft Combustion, nanostructured ceramics, alternative solid-state reaction routes yielding densified bulk ceramics and nanopowders, Sintering of intermetallic superconductors such as MgB2, impurity doping in luminescence phosphors synthesized using soft techniques, etc. Other advanced sintering techniques such as radiation thermal sintering for the manufacture of thin film solid oxide fuel cells are also described.

New Technologies in Protective Coatings

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ISBN: 9789535134916 9789535134923 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.5772/65573 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Materials are at the center of all technological advances; it is evident in considering the spectacular progress that has been made in fields as diverse as engineering, medicine, biology, etc. Materials science and technology must develop researches allowing the generation of new methods of protection to reduce fundamentally the losses of human life as well as the economic ones. The former are impossible of quantifying, while the latter are highly significant; thus, only those derived from corrosive processes in their different forms reach, in technologically developed countries, about 4% of the Gross National Product (GNP), while those derived from fire action range from 0.5 to 1.0% of the mentioned GNP. The book, in the different chapters, displays original systems of superficial protection and of low environmental impact to minimize the losses by corrosion and the fire action.

Recent Advances in Porous Ceramics

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ISBN: 9781789236521 9781789236538 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.5772/68104 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Porous ceramics have recently gained growing importance in industry because of their many applications like filters, absorbers, dust collectors, thermal insulation, hot gas collectors, dielectric resonators, bioreactors, bone replacement and automobile engine components. Generally, porous ceramics have good properties such as mechanical strength, abrasion resistance, and chemical and thermal stability. These porous network ceramic structures also have relatively low density, low mass and low thermal conductivity. Furthermore, permeability is one of the most important properties of porous ceramics for different applications such as membranes because this property directly relates to the pressure drop during filtration. Pore size control is one key factor in fabrication of porous ceramics. The size of particles and their distribution of the raw materials, manufacturing techniques, types of binder used, distribution of binder, and sintering affect the final porosity and pore connectivity, are important things that must be considered during the manufacturing of a porous ceramic body. Therefore, the development of porous ceramic research requires sufficient mechanical and chemical stability as well as permeability. This book covers a wide range of topics such as porous ceramic structure and properties, preparation, simulation and fabrication, sintering, applications for bioceramics, sensors, magnetics and energy saving.

Sintering Technology - Method and Application

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ISBN: 9781789842814 9781789842821 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75146 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Sintering technology is an old and extensive technology in many areas, and it has been used especially in ceramic fabrication. This book covers many fields, for example, the development of different sintering technologies in recent years, such as spark plasma sintering, flash sintering, microwave sintering, reaction and laser sintering, and so on, and also some special ceramic material fabrication methods and applications, such as carbon nanotubes mixed with alumina and zirconia ceramics, pure and doped zirconia, ZnO ceramic varistors, and so on.

Sol-Gel Method - Design and Synthesis of New Materials with Interesting Physical, Chemical and Biological Properties

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ISBN: 9781789853339 9781789853346 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.76535 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The sol-gel method is a powerful route of synthesis used worldwide. It produces bulk, nano- and mesostructured sol-gel materials, which can encapsulate metallic and magnetic nanoparticles, non-linear azochromophores, perovskites, organic dyes, biological molecules, etc.. This can have interesting applications for catalysis, photocatalysis; drug delivery for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as cancer, Parkinson's and Azheimer's. In this book, valuable contributions related to novel materials synthesized by the sol-gel route are provided. The effect of the sol-gel method to synthesize these materials with potential properties is described, and how the variation of the parameters during the synthesis influences their design and allows to adjust their properties according to the desired application is discussed.

Ceramic Materials - Synthesis, Characterization, Applications and Recycling

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ISBN: 9781789857733 9781789857740 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75375 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Scientific and technological development has led to the formulation of tailor-made materials, which have given rise to materials with new structural and industrial applications. This book aims to analyze the synthesis, characterization, and applications of ceramic materials. This includes an introduction to traditional and advanced ceramics, the use of traditional ceramic materials as ideal candidates for absorbing wastes, and the synthesis and characterization of advanced ceramics as nanoceramics, ytria ceramics, and electronic ceramics.

Advances in Ceramics - Characterization, Raw Materials, Processing, Properties, Degradation and Healing

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ISBN: 9789533075044 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.5772/933 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:08

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The current book consists of eighteen chapters divided into three sections. Section I includes nine topics in characterization techniques and evaluation of advanced ceramics dealing with newly developed photothermal, ultrasonic and ion spattering techniques, the neutron irradiation and the properties of ceramics, the existence of a polytypic multi-structured boron carbide, the oxygen isotope exchange between gases and nanoscale oxides and the evaluation of perovskite structures ceramics for sensors and ultrasonic applications. Section II includes six topics in raw materials, processes and mechanical and other properties of conventional and advanced ceramic materials, dealing with the evaluation of local raw materials and various types and forms of wastes for ceramics production, the effect of production parameters on ceramic properties, the evaluation of dental ceramics through application parameters and the reinforcement of ceramics by fibers. Section III, includes three topics in degradation, aging and healing of ceramic materials, dealing with the effect of granite waste addition on artificial and natural degradation bricks, the effect of aging, micro-voids, and self-healing on mechanical properties of glass ceramics and the crack-healing ability of structural ceramics.

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