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Ineguaglianze economiche. Le certezze e le incertezze (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

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Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.05
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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The aim of the opening speech is to present the most discussed issues in relation to inequality in personal distribution of income and wealth. In particular, it first examines the current trends in economic inequality (§ 1-4). Overall, some certainty has been achieved on these trends over the last century. In a second part of this opening speech (§ 5-7), some knowledge we have about pre-modern inequalities is summarized. In this regard, uncertainties are much more numerous than certainties.

Economic inequality in the rural Southern Low Countries during the Fifteenth century: sources, data and reflection (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Authors: ---
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.16
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This chapter seeks to explore local and regional variation in levels of inequality in different types of rural localities and regions within the late medieval County of Flanders. Our research indicates that fiscal sources for the County of Flanders can produce reliable data on the distribution of income during the late medieval period. The analysis of these data shows that important local and regional differences can be observed in the distribution of rural income. To a large extent, these local variations can be explained by differences in access to local economic resources. Our results, however, also indicate that substantial regional differences in access to rural resources can produce similar income distributions.

Feeding inequalities: the role of economic inequalities and the urban market in late medieval food security. The case of fourteenth-century Ghent (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Authors: ---
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.25
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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Although the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) revised their theoretical model of food security for over two decades ago, historians have been slow in adopting these new insights to study pre-modern societies. Showcasing the potential of the holistic approach proposed by the FAO, this paper analyses the evolution of food security in the calamitous fourteenth century in Ghent, one the most populated cities at that time. In the long-term, access to food seem to have bettered during the second half of the century thanks to increased wages, wealth and investments into farmland. While these gains can partly be linked to demographic evolutions, we found no evidence of an often-hypothesized Malthusian ceiling before the Black Death.

Looking for the islands of equality in a sea of inequality. Why did some societies in pre-industrial Europe have relatively low levels of wealth inequality? (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.27
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This paper scrutinizes the insights won by recent studies in wealth inequality in pre-industrial Europe. It focuses on the regions and periods where levels of inequality were relatively low, trying to arrive at an inventory of causes of these exceptions. It discusses catastrophic events, colonization and revolution as possible causes, but argues that these only occasionally had a leveling effect, depending on the social and institutional context in which they occurred. Most clearly wealth accumulation was restricted, even by maximums on ownership, where associative organizations held a solid position, and market and state played lesser roles as coordination systems.

Economic inequality in Germany, 1500-1800 (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.20
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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The chapter reviews existing evidence regarding four aspects of economic inequality: relative factor rents, which relate to the factorial distribution of income and also underlie the so-called Williamson index (y/wus), which is correlated with the Gini index of household income; real inequality in terms of opposite movements of the price of consumer baskets consumed by different strata of society; the inequality of pay according to gender and skill, as well as between town and countryside; and wealth inequality, particularly with respect to the access to land. The main result is that, with given technology and agrarian institutions, there is a positive correlation between population and inequality.

Welfare and demography in the time of Malthus. Regional and local variations in poor relief and population developments in Flanders, c. 1750-1810 (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.22
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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Flanders represents a particularly interesting region for research that aims to investigate the development of socio-economic inequalities at the local and regional level. The relationship between and effects of structural socio-economic characteristics on the one hand and micro-level variations on the other hand remain unclear. The data collected by the STREAM project (streamproject.ugent.be) together with its tailored geographical information system (GIS) allow us to explore these relationships for the rural parishes of early modern Flanders. In this chapter we examine spatial patterns in poor relief and demographic behaviour and how these were interrelated.

Regional variation in the distribution of property rights over land in sixteenth-century Ottoman rural Manisa (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.23
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
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Concentrating on the Western Anatolian district of Manisa and employing tax surveys dating 1575, this study points to the regional variation in property rights institutions, which resulted in different inequality regimes across space. Empirical evidence suggests the existence of two agricultural production systems characterized by different property and surplus relations, in the southern and northern parts of the district in the late sixteenth century. Accordingly, inequality structures in these areas reflected region-specific patterns of property rights distribution within and across direct producers and landlords’ classes.

Measuring urban inequalities. Spatial patterns of service access in sixteenth-century Leiden (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.24
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This contribution develops a broader understanding of well-being in premodern towns and by using digital methods to map social and economic inequalities, thereby drawing on insights from research on socio-spatial equity from urban studies. The key questions are how socio-economic inequality was reflected in the urban social topography and to what extent these spatial patterns reproduced inequality. Taking sixteenth-century Leiden as a case study, the spatial patterns of economic inequality and social segregation in this town are first examined. Next, the level of location-based inequality is explored by mapping and calculating urban spatial patterns of service accessibility.

Disuguaglianza economica nelle societ&agrave; preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 488 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-10 16:25:57
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In contrast to the debates of the past, which focused mainly on income inequality and the related elements of injustice, the recent interest in economic inequality focuses on its effects on economic growth and social development. New research is an important element of these recent debates: a historical approach that contextualizes inequality with reference to social relations, institutions, access to power and its cultural legitimacy can facilitate the understanding of the mechanisms that lead to inequality and its effects.

Economic inequality in preindustrial Europe, 1300-1800: methods and results from the EINITE project (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.07
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This article provides an overview of the research done in recent years by the ERC-funded projects EINITE-Economic Inequality across Italy and Europe 1300-1800, and SMITE-Social Mobility and Inequality across Italy and Europe 1300-1800. It begins by discussing the sources available for reconstructing preindustrial economic inequality, especially in Italy, then it provides an overview of the methods which have been developed to produce reliable and homogenous information about inequality levels and trends. The method developed by EINITE to produce measures or distributions representative of broader aggregates (regions or entire states) is also discussed, as well as the techniques that can be employed to explore in a meaningful way such distributions to answer relevant historical questions.

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Firenze University Press (20)


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2020 (20)