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A COPD Primer

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ISBN: 9783110468007 9783110468113 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.1515/9783110468007 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-07 14:19:43
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In 2012 we received a grant from the Veterans Health Administration Office of Specialty Care entitled, “Patient-Centered Model for the Management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.” The grant’s goals were to enhance the recognition and diagnosis of COPD and implement a Patient-Centered Model for the Management of COPD. As the work on that proposal progressed, we realized that providers did not have an up-to-date, comprehensive, easily read, “how to” manual for the management of COPD despite all the advances in COPD care that have occurred over the past 5 years. Consensus documents such as the VA-DOD Guidelines were abbreviated summaries that were rarely used. From those discussions, the concept for this volume, a COPD Primer, developed. The goal was to develop a practical book that concisely presented COPD to providers with sufficient background and explanation of the physiologic and scientific rationale for various management strategies without becoming an esoteric academic work. We hope that this COPD Primer has achieved that goal and will be a useful, practical text for practitioners and medical trainees alike.The COPD Primer begins with an examination of what COPD is; it is really a syndrome, a constellation of historical features and clinical, physiologic, and radiographic findings. However, those elements come together in many different ways to create multiple different COPD phenotypes that are only now being recognized and used to define specific management strategies. COPD research has progressed beyond the simple classification of “blue bloaters” and “pink puffers.” Next, the epidemiology and economic consequences of COPD are reviewed. Bill Eschenbacher presents an approach to the patient with respiratory symptoms with detailed discussions of pulmonary function testing and how airflow limitation/obstruction is identified by spirometry and the use of lung imaging to identify individuals with COPD. Michael Borchers and Gregory Motz summarize current evidence implicating genetics, proteolytic imbalance, oxidative stress, inflammation, occupational and environmental exposures, and innate and adaptive immune function in the pathogenesis of COPD and the implication of these findings to future treatments. The single most important intervention in the prevention and treatment of COPD is smoking cessation. Shari Altum, Katherine Butler, and Rachel Juran present a practical approach to smoking cessation utilizing motivational interviewing in combination with pharmacologic interventions. Then, they expand upon these concepts to provide practitioners with convenient, realistic suggestions to encourage patient self-management in all aspects of COPD care and overall health. Ahsan Zafar reviews the natural history, recently described COPD phenotypes, and gender differences that clearly illustrate the broad spectrum of disease that comprises the term, COPD. The cover illustration highlights Dr. Zafar’s creative and artistic talents. The extensive nonpulmonary aspects of COPD are reviewed by Ralph Panos in an examination of COPD’s multi-organ manifestations. Next, the effect of COPD on sleep and the overlap syndrome, the concurrence of COPD and obstructive sleep apnea, and its consequences are presented. Jean Elwing examines the effect of COPD on the pulmonary vasculature with a detailed discussion of the evaluation and management of pulmonary hypertension associated with COPD. COPD’s effects on psychosocial functioning and familial interactions are presented by Mary Panos and Ralph Panos.The focus of the Primer then shifts from manifestations to treatment with a discussion of stable COPD management. With the current plethora of devices for delivering respiratory medications, it is difficult for both patients and providers to sustain knowledge of their proper use. Aaron Mulhall presents a practical guide to correct inhaler use that reviews all the current devices. Folarin Sogbetun then reviews the management of outpatient COPD exacerbations and Nishant Gupta discusses the approach to the patient hospitalized with COPD. Because patients with COPD often see multiple subspecialty physicians in addition to their primary care providers, interdisciplinary communication and coordination of care is essential for their management; Sara Krzywkowski-Mohn reviews the interactions between primary and specialty care for the patient with COPD with suggestions for improved communication and care coordination. Finally, advance care planning including palliative care and hospice is reviewed with a discussion of how end stage COPD affects not only the patient but also their family and social network.This COPD Primer incorporates the knowledge that we have learned over the past several years during the development and implementation of a patient-centered model for the management of COPD. It was written with the explicit goal of assisting both the practicing provider and medical trainee in the care of patients with COPD.

Melothesia in Babylonia. Medicine, Magic, and Astrology in the Ancient Near East

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ISBN: 9781614516934 9781614517757 9781614519348 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: 10.1515/9781614516934 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:06

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This book examines the Babylonian backgroundof melothesia, the science of charting zodiac influences on the human body, which transformed older divination by connecting astrology with medical techniques. Special attention is given to a text from late-5th-century Uruk, which is argued to be an important representative of this new approach to the healing arts, previously only known from Greek and medieval astrology.

Keywords

astrology --- medicine --- magic --- melothesia

Galeni In Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum I commentariorum I-III versio Arabica / Galen. Commentary on Hippocrates' Epidemics Book I

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Book Series: Corpus Medicorum Graecorum – Supplementum Orientale ISBN: 9783110405835 9783110406597 9783110406771 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 736 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_531190 Language: English|Uncoded
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Wellcome Trust - 084192MA
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-29 09:34:24
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The present volume offers the first critical edition of Book 1 of the medieval Arabic translation of Galen's Commentary on the Hippocratic Epidemics, produced by the celebrated translator Hunayn ibn Ishāq (d. ca. 870). The edition is based on all extant Arabic textual witnesses, including the Arabic secondary transmission. The translation of Galen's commentary became a crucial source for the development of medicine in the Islamic world, especially in the nascent field of clinical medicine. It was frequently read and quoted in later Arabic medical literature, and several Arabic authors used it to produce a wide range of didactic writings for medical students and practising physicians.

The English translation, which aims to convey some of the flavour of the Arabic translation, comes with extensive notes on the differences between the Greek original and the Arabic translation. A thorough comparison between the two versions of the commentary provides important insights into the translation style and technique of Hunayn ibn Ishāq and his circle and Arabic medical terminology at the time.

Galeni in Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum II commentariorum I-VI versio Arabica. Volume II: Commentaria IV-VI

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Book Series: Corpus Medicorum Graecorum – Supplementum Orientale ISBN: 9783110462982 9783110463989 Year: Volume: 2,2 Pages: 541 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_612444 Language: English|Uncoded
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Wellcome Trust - 084192MA
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-28 11:01:16
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This two-volume monograph offers the first critical edition of the medieval Arabic translation of Galen's Commentary on Book 2 of the Hippocratic Epidemics produced by Hunayn ibn Ishaq (d. ca. 870). The edition is based on all extant Arabic textual witnesses, including the Arabic secondary transmission. The Greek original of this text is lost; the Arabic translation is therefore the only witness to this important work. The number and extent of quotations from this commentary in medieval Arabic medical writings, which are documented in the introduction to the volume, demonstrate that it became a crucial source for the development of medicine in the Islamic world. It also gave rise to a wide range of didactic writings which illustrate its importance for medical teaching. The English translation that accompanies the edition aims to convey some of the flavour of the Arabic text. It also comes with comprehensive indices that map out the terminology and style of the translation.

Galeni In Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum II commentariorum I-VI versio Arabica. Volume I: Commentaria I-III

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Book Series: Corpus Medicorum Graecorum – Supplementum Orientale ISBN: 9783110453485 9783110454055 Year: Volume: 2,1 Pages: 611 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_612443 Language: English|Uncoded
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Wellcome Trust - 084192MA
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-28 11:01:18
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This two-volume monograph offers the first critical edition of the medieval Arabic translation of Galen's Commentary on Book 2 of the Hippocratic Epidemics produced by Hunayn ibn Ishaq (d. ca. 870). The edition is based on all extant Arabic textual witnesses, including the Arabic secondary transmission. The Greek original of this text is lost; the Arabic translation is therefore the only witness to this important work. The number and extent of quotations from this commentary in medieval Arabic medical writings, which are documented in the introduction to the volume, demonstrate that it became a crucial source for the development of medicine in the Islamic world. It also gave rise to a wide range of didactic writings which illustrate its importance for medical teaching. The English translation that accompanies the edition aims to convey some of the flavour of the Arabic text. It also comes with comprehensive indices that map out the terminology and style of the translation.

Adolescent Psychiatry

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Book Series: Health, Medicine and Human Development ISBN: 9783110316568 9783110316612 Year: Pages: 260,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110316612 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102367
Subject: Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 11:21:03
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Psychiatric disorders in adolescents are an important social problem relevant to almost all healthcare professionals. The prevalence of mood, anxiety, substance use and other psychiatric disorders among adolescents is high. However, medical professionals are not sufficiently trained about adolescent psychiatric disorders. Primary care providers correctly identify less than a fourth of youth with a depressive or anxiety disorder and many clinicians underestimate the importance of the problem of adolescent psychiatric illnesses and suicidal behavior. Multiple clinical, neurobiological, cultural and legal aspects of psychiatric disorders in adolescents are discussed in this book.

Simon of Genoa's Medical Lexicon

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ISBN: 9788376560236 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560236 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:12:22
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“Simon of Genoa's Medical Lexicon”, an edited volume based on the conference held on March 17th, 2012, is part of the Simon Online project – a dynamically growing Wiki edition of Simon of Genoa's Clavis sanationis, a Latin-Greek-Arabic medical dictionary from the late 13th century. In the individual articles, written by well-known scholars, authorities in their fields of research, Simon and his major work, are approached from different perspectives and as a whole. The volume offers a comprehensible and well-balanced collection of current research on Simon and Clavis sanationis.The volume demonstrates the importance of the Clavis, not only for the history of pharmacology and medicine, but also for Byzantine and medieval studies, Roman, Greek, Latin and Arabic philology and lexicography.Barbara Zipser (Doctor of Philosophy, Wellcome Trust University Award 2006, 2010) is a researcher at the Centre for the Study of the Body and Material Culture, History Department, Royal Holloway University of London. Her main field of research is Greek medicine from Galen to the late Middle Ages, with an emphasis on textual criticism, manuscript transmission, and the formation of Greek vernacular terminology. Dr Zipser is a well-known and promising young scholar in the field of Ancient and Medieval Medicine. She runs Simon Online (http://www.simonofgenoa.org) – the joint edition and translation project of Simon of Genoa's Clavis sanationis, a dictionary of Latin, Greek and Arabic medical terminology in Wiki format.

Assyrian and Babylonian Scholarly Text Catalogues. Medicine, Magic and Divination

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Book Series: Die babylonisch-assyrische Medizin in Texten und Untersuchungen ISBN: 9781501504914 Year: Volume: Band 9 Pages: 390 DOI: 10.1515/9781501504914 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:41:34
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The reconstruction of ancient Mesopotamian medical, ritual and omen compendia and their complex history is still characterised by many difficulties, debates and gaps due to fragmentary or unpublished evidence. This book offers the first complete edition of the Assur Medical Catalogue, an 8th or 7th century BCE list of therapeutic texts, which forms a core witness for the serialisation of medical compendia in the 1st millennium BCE. The volume presents detailed analyses of this and several other related catalogues of omen series and rituals, constituting the corpora of divination and healing disciplines. The contributions discuss links between catalogues and textual sources, providing new insights into the development of compendia between serialization, standardization and diversity of local traditions. Though its a novel corpus-based approach, this volume revolutionizes the current understanding of Mesopotamian medical texts and the healing disciplines of conjurer and physician. The research presented here allows one to identify core text corpora for these disciplines, as well as areas of exchange and borrowings between them.

Medizinische Gutachten des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts. Sprachhistorische Untersuchungen zu einer Textsortenklasse

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Book Series: Lingua Academica ISBN: 9783110555080 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 286 DOI: 10.1515/9783110555080 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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Medical reports were a major element of medical communication as early as the 17th and 18th centuries. What characterizes such texts? Using a broad-based analytic model from the field of text linguistics, the author investigates specific classes of texts – consultations, court reports, and autopsy reports – in terms of their cultural and scientific history while also identifying their particular linguistic hallmarks.

Greek Medical Papyri. Text, Context, Hypertext

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Book Series: Archiv für Papyrusforschung und verwandte Gebiete - Beihefte ISSN: 18689337 ISBN: 9783110536409 Year: Volume: 40 Pages: 389 DOI: 10.1515/9783110536409 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17

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This volume, authored by outstanding papyrologists and historians of ancient medicine, deals with topics focused on the papyrological evidence of ancient medical texts and contexts. The first part contains some new reflections on important sources such as the Anonymus Londinensis and the Hippocratic corpus, the second part collects papers about the “doctors’ context”, and the final part is focused on the digitisation of the medical papyri.

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