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Von Herodas zu Elytis

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ISBN: 9783205787105 Year: Pages: 526 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574821 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4241
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:34
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The monography includes ten studies, starting from the 3rd century B.C. and finishing in the 20th century.

Wiener Jahrbuch für Kunstgeschichte

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ISBN: 9783205786740 Year: Pages: 271 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574828 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4282
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:48
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Characteristic for all contributions to the Wiener Jahrbuch in 2010 is the presentation of latest research findings with the help of methodological refinements. Thus Assaf Pinkus suggests a new interdisciplinary approach for trecento painting, which brings the viewer's perceptions into an analysis of image creation. Milena Bartlová, on the other hand, addresses the little considered subject of the iconoclasm of Bohemian Hussites. An important finding is that Hussitism was unable to give up the image in its medieval function, since the printed book - which could have taken over the communicative qualities of the image - had not yet been invented. Giovan Battista Fidanza also deals with a little considered subject - namely Michelangelo as wood carver. He is able to demonstrate convincingly that Michelangelo applied prefabricated blocks of limewood in the assemblage of his wooden crucifixes.
The four subsequent articles are dedicated to Baroque art. Eckhart Leuschner defines the Baroque allegory as a constant and internationally standardised deployment of formal and semantic possibilities. At the centre of Kristoffer Neville's contribution is an early version of Fischer von Erlach's Entwurff einer historischen Architectur, with the help of which the creative process of Fischer's main architectural-theoretical work is reconstructed. In the complicated memoria programme of the state sarcophagus finished for Franz Stephan and Maria Theresia in 1754 in the crypt of the Vienna Capuchin Church, Werner Telesko identifies both Antique and Christian strands of tradition. Werner Hofmann, meanwhile, recognises the 1711 endowment decree for Lothar Franz von Schönborn as an inofficial foundation source for Schloss Pommersfelden and traces a 'hypertext' within the decree, which represents the key for the building's iconography.
The amateur drawings of the Habsburgs from the 19th century are comprehended by Kerstin Merkel as autonomous non-verbal sources and integrated with historical information. Iris Wien, by contrast, sets two self-portraits of Andy Wahrhol within his known oeuvre and convincingly suggests an interpretation as Medusa.
In the last four contributions to the volume, the Memorabilia, important contemporary historical documents for the history of the Vienna School are published and made accessible. Alexandra Caruso edits the memoirs of Erica Tietze Conrat. The letters of Wilde, presented by Károly Kókai, provide insights into events within the circles of Vienna art history at that time. Evonne Levy publishes for the first time a selection of letters written by Hans Sedlmayr to Meyer Schapiro in the period 1930-35. Charles Hope succeeds in portraying in convincing complexity the scholarly range of Sir Ernst Gombrich.

Die Modernisierung politischer Systeme

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ISBN: 9783205992028 Year: Pages: 730 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_472490 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3152
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-11 23:26:32
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Part one of the book discusses political systems of Developing Countries. It suggests that the concept of neopatrimonialism is becoming more and more important. Neopatrimonial systems are characterized by three components: Personal rule, political clientelism and endemic corruption. The neopatrimonial state is essentially a weak state, where the production of public goods is very low and the road to the failure of the state open. For the transformation or improvement of a neopatrimonial system a developmental state is necessary.
Part two tries to give a theory of the state. The state is understood as a set of complex institutions. Historical institutionalism seems therefore to be the correct approach. Four institutional complexes are needed for consolidated modern statehood: The military for the security of the state – the military revolution can be regarded as the most important factor in explaining the origin of the state. Territorial segmentation is at the same time the building principle for the international political system. As the professionalism of the military increases, a new institutional complex becomes necessary for the security of the citizens: the police, and the police is the institution for the monopoly of legitimate violence.

The second institutional complex is taxation and the ordering of state finances (the budget). Taxes are historically a consequence of standing armies. Today taxation is an important dimension of state capabilities.

The third complex is the bureaucracy – necessary for the production of decisions based on general rules. An effective bureaucracy is a precondition for the development of the welfare state. Corruption its main problem.
The forth complex is placed at the top of the state – governing all the other institutions. It is essentially the government in combination with the parliament as a law-making institution.
Part three tries to explain the process of democratization. Democracy needs three subsystems: the public sphere as the interaction of mass media and discourses of the citizens. A party system, where the parties are based on political ideologies. And a parliament, as the center of a representative government. Responsiveness can be explained as a consequence of general free elections.

Kakanien als Gesellschaftskonstruktion

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ISBN: 9783205787402 Year: Pages: 1222 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437166 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4286
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:04
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This monograph (professorial dissertation FU Berlin 2009) undertakes an interpretation of the entirety of Musil's monumental novel by placing the focus on its socio-analytical critique of contemporary society. It adapts Pierre Bourdieu's concept of the socio-analysis of literary texts, complemented by methodology from recent narratology, discourse and media theory, and is empirically grounded upon research from social and cultural history. Opening with a reconstruction of Musil's 'negative' anthropology and his concurrently analytical and constructivistic conception of the novel, as well as his essayistic, 'anti-filmic' poetics, the first part of the study profiles the socio-analytical implications of two major terms of his concept of the novel: firstly "Eigenschaftslosigkeit" (lack of inherent qualities or characteristics), and secondly "Möglichkeitssinn" (sense of possibility) or "Essayismus" (essayism). The main section of the study continues with a reading of The Man without Qualities as a social 'force field', beginning with an analysis of the narratively constituted chronotope and the social sphere of Kakania. It then turns to the central male and female figures of the novel (in the sections Heirs and Disinherited; Climbers and Stagnaters; Terrorists and Prophets, as well as Fallen Lovers; Sufferers of an 'obscure time-disease'; Adapters and Dissidents) and finally to the constellations and interactions of the characters in their aesthetic arrangements (in the sections Marriages in Crises; Orderless Circumstances, Gender Struggle; Attempts at Love beyond Marriage; and Rivalry over Principles and People; Ideologic Hostilities and Class Struggle). Special attention is paid to Musil's contemporary critique of a society in a contradictory process of modernisation, and to his concrete historical and ideological points of reference in the conflict strewn Austria and Germany of the preand inter-war years, as it is these to date neglected aspects that cause the uncompleted, and yet epoch-making, novel to appear so unique and incomparable. A final section considers the positioning of the novel and ist author in the contemporary literary field, as well as his indirect authorial self-analysis which occurs in a concealed manner throughout the fictional narration. With this socio-analysis of The Man without Qualities, Bourdieu's innovative cultural-sociological approach is for the first time applied in a consistent and detailed manner on a canonical German language novel. Moreover, an integral aspect of the study involves a theoretically aware integration of meticulous textual analysis and a broad cultural and literary historical contextualisation, which not only extends over Musil's essays and his voluminous literary remains (notes and drafts of sequels), but also over numerous discoursive involvements with contemporary Austrian and German politics and scholarship, and national and international literature. The Man without Qualities hence is presented as a modern classic of European literature, which relentlessly reveals the roots of the catastrophical history of the early twentieth century, and which transcends the sociological knowledge of its time.

Das Wiener Stadtzeichnerbuch 1678-1685

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ISBN: 9783205795216 Year: Pages: 418 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_471170 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 112
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-31 06:45:30
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Poverty and beggars have always been a part of the city of Vienna. Between 1443 and 1693 only beggars with beggars’ badges („Stadtzeichen“) were authorised to beg. The contextualisation, edition and analysis of a beggars’ directory (“Stadtzeichnerbuch”) dating from the seventeenth century (1678–1685) reveals the living circumstances of more than 900 poor people which can hardly be found in other sources.

Rückkehr unerwünscht

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ISBN: 9783205794998 Year: Pages: 658 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_480818 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 83
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:01:55
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"Rückkehr unerwünscht" (Return Undesired) is the first systematic study on deportation in the Habsburg empire. The measures taken against protestants, deviants and losers in the modernisation process are both delineated in detail and in their european contexts.Concerning the historiography of the Habsburg empire this volume is breaking new ground in respect of deportation. Whereas scholars in the field of Contemporary History tend to view them as merely epiphenomena of totalitarianism, a more closer reconstruction of its "protohistory" reveals it as an instrument of punishment, of demonstration of power and of population policies that were widely and in a rather "modern" way used in the Habsburg Monarchy as early as in the 18th century.
The first chapters are focusing on a synoptic view of the major European powers of the Early Modern Period (Portugal, France, Spain, Russia, the Netherlands) and their attitudes towards deportation as well as on the sürgün-method in the Ottoman empire. 
The following chapters are dealing with all hitherto known deportations in the Habsburg realm of the Early Modern Era as well as with the rekindled debate on it around 1900. The notion that a country without colonies would be uninterested in deportations as well, is untenable. On the contrary, the Habsburg empire with its measures taken against protestants, deviants and losers in the modernisation process was just numerically ranking in a significant position. 
The study is grounded on intense archival research, which brought forth a multitude of essential documents that were hitherto unknown or looked over. Eight case studies comprise different regions of the empire and are situated amongst most diverse social strata. All in all they are intended to serve as major building blocks for a "History of Violence in the Habsburg Empire" yet to be written.

The Spanish Connection

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ISBN: 9783412225360 Year: Pages: 458 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_620578 Language: English
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 222
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-03 11:01:28
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In early modern times, the city of Seville was the most important entrepôt between the Old and the New World, attracting numerous merchants from all of Europe. They provided the American market with European merchandise, especially with textiles and metalware from Flanders and France. This book investigates the networks of Flemish and French merchants in Seville, displaying overall structures of trade as well as collective strategies of both merchant colonies.

Literatur in Österreich 1938-1945

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Book Series: Literatur in Österreich 1938-1945 Handbuch eines literarischen Systems ISBN: 9783205207092 Year: Pages: 968 DOI: 10.7767/9783205207092 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103512
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-23 11:01:02
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Der Band Wien setzt die flächendeckende Bestandsaufnahme des literarischen Lebens in Österreich während des Nationalsozialismus fort. Dem Skandalisieren von Einzelfällen und der Präsenz der Schriftstellerinnen und Schriftsteller im kulturellen Gedächtnis des Landes wird eine umfassende Materialbasis für sachliche Auseinandersetzung mit dem brisanten Thema zur Seite gestellt. Das methodische Anliegen, ein „literarisches Feld“ (P. Bourdieu) des deutschen Sprachraums lexikalisch aufzuschließen, wird in einem neuen Typus von Handbuch umgesetzt, einer spezifischen vernetzenden Kombination von Personen- und Institutionenlexikon. Anhand einzelner Parameter wird die Integration der AutorInnen in die unterschiedlichen Systeme von der Monarchie bis zur Zweiten Republik aufgezeigt.

(Fremd)Körper

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ISBN: 9783205203032 Year: Pages: 345 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 535
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 11:21:02
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The ideology of purity-of-blood (limpieza de sangre) dividedearly modern Iberian society into two different classes: OldChristians and New Christians. New Christians, i.e. Conversos (converted Jews) and Moriscos (convertedMuslims), but also their offspring, were thought to be inferior Christians and always tending towards apostasy. At the turn of the 17th century an increased interest in bodily markers to proof the presumed inferiority of the so-called NewChristians can be observed. The book focusses on the question how the apologists of the purity-of-blood statutesused the idea of inherited bodily markers to promote agenealogical racism in early modern Iberia.

Käthe Schirmacher

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ISBN: 9783205208280 Year: DOI: 10.7767/9783205208280 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103515
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-23 11:01:02
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Die Journalistin, Schriftstellerin und Vortragsreisende Käthe Schirmacher (1865-1930) wird in diesem Band als eine exemplarische Protagonistin des Übergangs europäischer Gesellschaften um 1900 vorgestellt. Die transnationale Agitatorin, die sich als ‚moderne Frau‘ positionierte und in intimen Beziehungen mit Frauen lebte, adressierte als radikale Frauenrechtlerin und spätere völkische Politikerin unterschiedliche politische Arenen. Mit ihrer Inanspruchnahme von Autorität und Kompetenz forderte sie die Zugangsregeln zu hegemonialen Öffentlichkeiten heraus. In ihrem umfangreichen Nachlass wird sie als eine Erzählerin des eigenen Lebens sichtbar, die sich in wechselnden Konstellationen immer wieder autobiografisch neu entwarf. Mit der innovativen Konzeption einer Biografie in Koproduktion regt der Band zur methodischen Weiterentwicklung offener biografischer Forschungsprozesse an.

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