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Climate Change and Variability

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ISBN: 9789533071442 Year: Pages: 502 DOI: 10.5772/1743 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Climate change is emerging as one of the most important issues of our time, with the potential to cause profound cascading effects on ecosystems and society. However, these effects are poorly understood and our projections for climate change trends and effects have thus far proven to be inaccurate. In this collection of 24 chapters, we present a cross-section of some of the most challenging issues related to oceans, lakes, forests, and agricultural systems under a changing climate. The authors present evidence for changes and variability in climatic and atmospheric conditions, investigate some the impacts that climate change is having on the Earth's ecological and social systems, and provide novel ideas, advances and applications for mitigation and adaptation of our socio-ecological systems to climate change. Difficult questions are asked. What have been some of the impacts of climate change on our natural and managed ecosystems? How do we manage for resilient socio-ecological systems? How do we predict the future? What are relevant climatic change and management scenarios? How can we shape management regimes to increase our adaptive capacity to climate change? These themes are visited across broad spatial and temporal scales, touch on important and relevant ecological patterns and processes, and represent broad geographic regions, from the tropics, to temperate and boreal regions, to the Arctic.

Low Carbon Policy and Development in Taiwan

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535101567 Year: Pages: 110 DOI: 10.5772/3323 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Taiwan a typical small Asian country with few energy resources is well known for its high-tech industry in the last 20 years. However as a member of the global village Taiwan feels the responsibility to reduce carbon emissions. The book tells you how Taiwan transforms itself from a high-tech island to become a low carbon island. The book address Taiwan's low-carbon developmental policies of the past 10 years, applies an econometric approach to estimate Taiwan's sector department CO2 emissions, shows how environmental change affects the economic growth of Taiwan, and provides two successful examples of low-carbon pilot regions in Taiwan. Stephen Shen, the Minister of the Environment Protection Agency of Taiwan, believes that the book arrives at the right time, because this is the time to educate the people of Taiwan, about the necessary action for achieving a low carbon society.

Greenhouse Gases - Emission, Measurement and Management

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ISBN: 9789535103233 Year: Pages: 516 DOI: 10.5772/1797 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Understanding greenhouse gas sources, emissions, measurements, and management is essential for capture, utilization, reduction, and storage of greenhouse gas, which plays a crucial role in issues such as global warming and climate change. Taking advantage of the authors' experience in greenhouse gases, this book discusses an overview of recently developed techniques, methods, and strategies: - A comprehensive source investigation of greenhouse gases that are emitted from hydrocarbon reservoirs, vehicle transportation, agricultural landscapes, farms, non-cattle confined buildings, and so on. - Recently developed detection and measurement techniques and methods such as photoacoustic spectroscopy, landfill-based carbon dioxide and methane measurement, and miniaturized mass spectrometer.

Biomass Now - Sustainable Growth and Use

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ISBN: 9789535111054 Year: Pages: 554 DOI: 10.5772/2583 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This two-volume book on biomass is a reflection of the increase in biomass related research and applications, driven by overall higher interest in sustainable energy and food sources, by increased awareness of potentials and pitfalls of using biomass for energy, by the concerns for food supply and by multitude of potential biomass uses as a source material in organic chemistry, bringing in the concept of bio-refinery. It reflects the trend in broadening of biomass related research and an increased focus on second-generation bio-fuels. Its total of 40 chapters spans over diverse areas of biomass research, grouped into 9 themes.

Biomass Now - Cultivation and Utilization

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ISBN: 9789535111061 Year: Pages: 462 DOI: 10.5772/3437 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This two-volume book on biomass is a reflection of the increase in biomass related research and applications, driven by overall higher interest in sustainable energy and food sources, by increased awareness of potentials and pitfalls of using biomass for energy, by the concerns for food supply and by multitude of potential biomass uses as a source material in organic chemistry, bringing in the concept of bio-refinery. It reflects the trend in broadening of biomass related research and an increased focus on second-generation bio-fuels. Its total of 40 chapters spans over diverse areas of biomass research, grouped into 9 themes.

Biodegradation - Engineering and Technology

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535111535 Year: Pages: 486 DOI: 10.5772/50829 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book contains a collection of different research activities where several technologies have been applied to the optimization of biodegradation processes. The book has three main sections: A) Hydrocarbons biodegradation, B) Biodegradation and anaerobic digestion, and C) Biodegradation and sustainability.

Complex Systems, Sustainability and Innovation

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ISBN: 9789535128410 9789535128427 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.5772/62659 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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The book on complex systems, sustainability, and innovation explores a broad set of ideas and presents some of the state-of-the-art research in this field concisely in six chapters. In a complex system, it is difficult to know exactly how the individual components contribute to an observed behavior and the extent of each component's contributions. It is the interactions of the individual components that determine the emergent functionalities. This makes it difficult to understand and predict the behavior of complex systems and hence the effects of any innovations in this field. This necessitates for the emergence of a new age of innovations with the main focus on user orientation and sustainability. This book explores some of the complex systems and their dependence on the environment to provide a long-term perspective, aiding innovations and supporting a sustainable society. The intended audience of this book will mainly consist of researchers, research students, and practitioners in the field of complex systems and sustainability.

Household Hazardous Waste Management

Author:
ISBN: 9789535129097 9789535129103 Year: Pages: 92 DOI: 10.5772/62793 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Rapid global urbanization and increases in living standards in recent decades have led to changes in the household hazardous waste (HHW) generation characteristics due to increases in buying power and easier access to products that are convenient but not always safe. In recent years, the amount of diversified hazardous materials and/or potentially hazardous materials, such as cleaning products, medicines, personal care products, packaging and container products, phthalates, and antibacterial agents, poses a serious threat to the environment and public health. As a result developed countries have adopted well-functioning policy measures and innovative technologies to deal with HHW. On the other hand, developing countries have weak institutional structures and poor policy performance and have adopted ad hoc approaches to manage HHW. The book contains five chapters covering topics of household hazardous waste management and exposure assessment. This book will be useful to many research scientists, solid and hazardous waste managers, administrators, librarians, and students in the scope of development in solid and hazardous waste management program including sources of household hazardous waste, exposure assessment, and government policies on waste generation and treatment and processing of HHW.

Kinetic Modeling for Environmental Systems

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ISBN: 9781789847260 9781789847277 Year: Pages: 100 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.79240 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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The continuous increase in human activities affects the environment in notable ways; these effects need to be monitored and controlled when appropriate to ensure the sustainability of our lives. Environmental pollution is one of the major problems associated with human activities as a result of routine and accidental releases. Currently, pollution prevention, control, and affected environment remediation receive great attention globally. This attention has led to a continuous increase in research efforts that aim to understand, simulate, and predict important processes that affect pollutant generation and migration. Optimization of chemical and physical reactions within different waste treatment technologies and remediation projects are the focus of many research projects worldwide. This book presents some kinetic models that could be used to support pollution prevention, control, and environmental assessments of human activities.

Biodegradation - Life of Science

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535111542 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.5772/52777 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:09

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This book contains a collection of different biodegradation research activities where biological processes take place. The book has two main sections: A) Polymers and Surfactants Biodegradation and B) Biodegradation: Microbial Behaviour.

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