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3. Mestrer jeg trenerrollen? (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 26 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch3 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The purpose of this study was to examine factorial, convergent, discriminant, and criteria&#xD;validity of a multi-dimensional scale measuring coaching efficacy (Feltz, Chase, Moritz, &&#xD;Sullivan, 1999). The sample consisted of 281 Norwegian grassroot football coaches taking part&#xD;in two data collections (across the football season) within the Norwegian arm of the international&#xD;PAPA project (intervention group, n = 193) and control group, n = 88). Latent variable&#xD;modeling supported a 4-factor model reflecting Motivation efficacy, Strategy efficacy, Technique&#xD;efficacy and Character efficacy. An introductory ESEM analysis of the 24-item coaching&#xD;efficacy scale yielded an acceptable solution after omitting two items. A parceling approach of&#xD;the twenty-two items were then converted into eleven parcels to examine factorial validity and&#xD;time and group invariance. The four-factor model based on parcels obtained good fit indices:&#xD;(S-B χ2 = [df = 29, n = 222] = 38.622, p < .011 (ns.); RMSEA = .039; 90% (CI = .000–.068);&#xD;CFI = .99; SRMR = .023). Moreover, we obtained strong support for time invariance for a&#xD;merged solution of the two groups of coaches. Invariance across time for the intervention&#xD;and control group separately was supported at time 1, but not at time 2. Satisfactorily convergent,&#xD;discriminant, and criteria validity were also supported. The scale needs further validation&#xD;before use in intervention studies."&#xD;

12. Effekt av feedback på kollektiv mestringstro og sosial loffing i et sykkeleksperiment (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch12 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-28 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The aim of the study was to examine the extent in which verbal feedback (positive&#xD;and negative) affected the collective efficacy, and to what extent an increase in collective efficacy&#xD;would affect the propensity to social loafing in a sport group context where individual&#xD;effort is not perceived as identifiable. 66 sports students conducted an interval of one-minute&#xD;maximum effort on the bike ergometer under individual conditions. Participants were then&#xD;randomized into teams in which half of them received positive feedback, while the others&#xD;received negative feedback, before they then carried out three trials under collective conditions.&#xD;The participants’ belief in the team’s victory chance was reported ahead of the second&#xD;and third attempt. The results show that feedback affected the collective efficacy, but there was&#xD;a non-significant difference in performance between the groups."&#xD;

11. Prinsipper ved test–retest-reliabilitet (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 14 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch11 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-28 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The study aim was twofold: 1) Review basic principles of test-retest reliability,&#xD;and 2) investigate the reliability of a test procedure of a one-minute time trial on an ergometer&#xD;bicycle in relatively well-trained young adults. The subjects (N = 12) completed three “all-out”&#xD;intervals on the bicycle ergometers where average watt produced was recorded. The results&#xD;of the experiments showed no significant mean differences across tests, high ICC (.996), low&#xD;CV, TE, and SEM. The findings suggested that the ergometer test had the ability to produce&#xD;accurate and stable measurements. It also indicated that measurement biases that affected the&#xD;results did not seem to occur."&#xD;

10. Når dommeren i fotball dømmer feil … (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch10 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-28 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The aim of this study was to investigate characteristics of situations when top referees&#xD;in soccer make an incorrect decision. Two expert panels, consisting of four top referees and&#xD;four top players respectively, assessed 98 potential penalty shootout situations in Tippeligaen&#xD;(Norwegian Premier League). The situations in which all the expert panels considered that the&#xD;match referee made an incorrect decision (N = 14) were then analyzed based on recommended&#xD;technical refereeing criteria and guidelines, as the referee’s distance to, angle to and insight into&#xD;these penalty situations. The results revealed that in 11 of these 14 situations the referee had&#xD;a greater distance than recommended. Furthermore, both the angle and insight were only of&#xD;medium or poor nature. This may indicate that the referee had limited basis when assessing&#xD;these situations, and subsequently landed on a wrong decision. Findings also showed that referees&#xD;were more likely to go in favor of high status teams. This will be a topic for discussion in&#xD;this article, based on the theory of dealing with mistakes and social pressure."&#xD;

9. Sammenhengen mellom mindfulness og eksekutiv funksjon hos profesjonelle fotballspillere (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 18 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch9 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-28 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"Mindfulness has become a popular tool for athletes, but the knowledge about the&#xD;exact associations between trait mindfulness and key performance variables are lacking. This&#xD;is especially problematic for athletes competing at a higher level where minor costs of a trait or&#xD;an intervention could easily outweigh the benefits. In this study we investigated the association&#xD;between self-reported level of mindfulness and performance on two PC based tests of inhibitory&#xD;control on forty-two professional soccer players. The results showed that the observation&#xD;facet of mindfulness was associated with better performance on one of the tests, while the&#xD;non-judgement facet was associated with lower performance on both tests due to more impulsive&#xD;responding. These findings suggest that trait mindfulness and inhibitory control is related,&#xD;but that the relationship may not only be beneficial."&#xD;

8. Felles mentale modeller i elitelagballspill (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 24 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch8 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-28 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The purpose of this inquiry is to explore team member knowledge among elite players&#xD;in team ballgames – theoretically anchored in shared mental models. Team member knowledge&#xD;is team specific and not a type of knowledge that players can transport from team to team.&#xD;Current research literature has only to a limited extent been concerned about team member&#xD;knowledge and the importance of this in team ball games. The following research questions&#xD;will therefore be addressed in the present study: How do elite players describe their knowledge&#xD;of co-players? How do players experience the knowledge development of co-players?&#xD;The inquiry follows an ideographic research design, and the empirical material consists of&#xD;interviews with four elite players in football and team handball. The analysis reveals that the&#xD;following themes elaborate team member knowledge: Strengths and weaknesses, preferences&#xD;and predictions, compensatory behavior and co-players’ value. The players’ experience of the&#xD;development of team member knowledge indicates primarily implicit learning trajectories. The findings from the present study support the idea that team member knowledge is an&#xD;important feature in handball and soccer elite teams. Coaches and players should therefore&#xD;reflect on how this knowledge should be promoted."&#xD;

7. Hva sier de til seg selv? (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 18 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch7 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-28 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The purpose of this study was to examine the self-talk of elite triathletes during a&#xD;competition. Furthermore, we wanted to investigate possible differences in content and frequency&#xD;in self-talk during a triathlon competition among elite and club triathletes. Participants&#xD;were ten members of the Norwegian triathlon national team as well as ten triathletes&#xD;competing at Norwegian club level. The competition consisted of an indoor sprint-distance triathlon (a 750 m pool swim leg, a 20 km ergometer cycling leg, and a 5 km treadmill run leg).&#xD;Self-talk content and frequency were measured using a Norwegian version of the Automatic&#xD;Self-Talk Questionnaire for Sports (ASTQS). Overall, results showed that all athletes reported&#xD;more positive than negative self-talk during competition. Moreover, elite athletes reported&#xD;more confidence-inducing self-talk compared to the club level athletes during the swim. The&#xD;findings also indicated that elite athletes were more able than club athletes to maintain higher&#xD;levels of positive self-talk during the latter stages of the competition (5 km run). This tendency&#xD;was reversed regarding negative self-talk. Elite athletes reported less negative self-talk compared&#xD;to club level athletes towards the end of the competition."&#xD;

4. Profesjonelle fotballtreneres interaksjon med sine overordnede og assistenter (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 30 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch4 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-28 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"Research on coaching in sports has long been concerned with how coaches interact&#xD;with their players. In recent years, more research in sports psychology has been conducted on&#xD;the coach’s role. However, research on coaches’ co-operation with leaders and staff in the clubs&#xD;has received little attention. There is reason to argue that the way coaches handle this part of&#xD;their profession can have a huge impact on how well they are able to do their job. This study&#xD;explores how three experienced Norwegian elite football coaches (average 25 years of elite&#xD;experience) interact with others in their clubs creating room for themselves and achieving their goals through micro-political activity and orchestration, i.e. coaches’ actions to increase&#xD;their own influence and power within the organization. We collected data through semi-structured&#xD;interviews. Then we used content analysis based on a theoretical framework consisting&#xD;of the orchestration metaphor and studies on micropolitics and the three aspects of micropolitical&#xD;proficiency. The results and discussion describe how the coaches handle the negotiation&#xD;process before joining a club, how they handle managers and employees, and how they have&#xD;developed their micropolitical skills through their careers. Their knowledge about and attention&#xD;to these processes were integral parts of their coaching and leadership challenges. Knowledge&#xD;of orchestration and micropolitics seemed to be important for the coaches in the current&#xD;study. We therefore provide some suggestions as to how coaches can improve their ability to&#xD;handle these elements in coach education and suggest possible future research and applied&#xD;implications for coaches."&#xD;

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norwegian (8)


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2018 (8)