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Chapter 16 Surgery and Emotion (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781349952601 Year: Pages: 22 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-95260-1_16 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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Abstract

In this chapter I have endeavoured to demonstrate the ways in which an
approach that takes the emotions seriously might nuance and complicate
our understandings of the history of pre-anaesthetic surgery. In general,
historians have tended to focus on the operations of surgical dispassion, or
what we might now term clinical detachment. What this research suggests,
however, is that compassion and emotional expression played a surprisingly
important role in shaping the cultures of early nineteenth-century operative
surgery as well as the identities of its practitioners. In the decades immediately
preceding the advent of anaesthesia, pain became a central concern of
surgical discourse and the response to this concern was shaped by the cultures
of sentiment and sensibility. However, this culture of compassion was
no ‘natural’ reaction to a self-evident problem. Rather, it was a culturally
and historically contingent phenomenon which could be harnessed to the
ideologies and ambitions of medical reform. In the hands of men like John
Bell and Thomas Wakley, the image of the surgeon as a man of refined and
honest sentiment was linked to a critique of the medical and surgical ancien
regime, providing an idealised representation of a more expert, meritocratic
and altruistic profession.

Chapter 18 Surgery, Imperial Rule and Colonial Societies (1800–1930) (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9781349952601 Year: Pages: 19 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-95260-1_18 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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Abstract

The following chapter is concerned with the ways in which political, social
and cultural contexts shape the performance and perceptions of surgery, especially
under nineteenth-century colonial empires.

Optical Coherence Tomography guided Laser-Cochleostomy

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ISBN: 9783731503026 Year: Pages: VII, 180 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000044633 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Despite the high precision of laser, it remains challenging to control the laser-bone ablation without injuring the underlying critical structures. Providing an axial resolution on micrometre scale, OCT is a promising candidate for imaging microstructures beneath the bone surface and monitoring the ablation process. In this work, a bridge connecting these two technologies is established. A closed-loop control of laser-bone ablation under the monitoring with OCT has been successfully realised.

Situation Interpretation for Knowledge- and Model Based Laparoscopic Surgery

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ISBN: 9783731505273 Year: Pages: XV, 148 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000054609 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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To manage the influx of information into surgical practice, new man-machine interaction methods are necessary to prevent information overflow. This work presents an approach to automatically segment surgeries into phases and select the most appropriate pieces of information for the current situation. This way, assistance systems can adopt themselves to the needs of the surgeon and not the other way around.

Parameteranalyse eines redundanten Roboters mit Pivotpunkt-Restriktion

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ISBN: 9783731507048 Year: Pages: IX, 164 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000072643 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Abstract

Nowadays robots are used not only in production lines, but also in the field of medicine. In this thesis an analysis was performed which relates to a serial, redundant robot and its parameters. The pivot point restriction results from the minimally invasive surgical scenario. The parameter analysis evaluates the robot performance by indicators, which depend on the selected parameters and the operating area.

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