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Recht und Religion in Europa - zeitgenössische Konflikte und historische Perspektiven

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ISBN: 9783940344625 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2008-177 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Abstract

What correlations exist between law and religion? To trace this relationship in selected periods and regions (the old East / Ancient, modern Europe, Islamic world) is the goal of this volume. As a specific thematic reference point, the editors have selected those tense relationship that exists between the law as a divine constitution and the law as a human right. The current occasion to address this matter was the perception of a resurgence of traditional religion, especially Islam.

Keywords

religion --- theology --- law --- human rights

The Dynamics of Cultural Borders

Authors: ---
Book Series: Approaches to Culture Theory ISBN: 9789949770823 9789949770830 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_609474 Language: English
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Geography --- Ethnology --- Social Sciences --- Religion --- Archaeology --- History --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-01 11:01:03
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This volume encompasses a broad span of issues related to borders as areas of intense activity substantially contributing to the dynamics of culture. The chapters address questions relating to the construction and reconstruction of borders, as well as the experience and representation of physical, spiritual, imagined and symbolic borders. The authors provide perspectives on emerging and dissolving borders in the past and present. Special emphasis is placed on subjective perception by asking how borders are experienced and expressed at the level of the specific community or individual. Several articles tackle dramatic and controversial issues like war, conflict between different ideologies and cultures, and remembering. The authors also explore dialectical relations between culture, social relations and landscape, and the interplay of ideological constructions and material culture. The contributions are arranged into two sections focusing on two wider issues: how borders are drawn in landscape, religion and scientific discourse (Wandering borders), and how representations of cultural borders and border crossings have changed over time (Bordering ruptures: the dynamics of self-description). The authors of this volume come from various scholarly fields and offer innovative tools for expanding the concept of the border across disciplinary frames.

Keywords

material culture --- memory --- war --- religion --- border --- landscape

Sexuelle Identität und gesellschaftliche Norm

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Medizinrecht ISBN: 9783941875722 Year: Pages: 125 DOI: 10.17875/gup2010-39 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Psychology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Die „sexuelle Identität“ des Menschen ist keineswegs nur biologisch, sondern in erheblichem Maße auch neurologisch, psychologisch sowie durch Umweltbedingungen determiniert und infolgedessen gradualisiert. Die Gesellschaft und ihr Recht ignorieren diese Variabilitäten jenseits der natürlichen Geschlechtlichkeit jedoch mit Blick auf Orientierungsbedürfnisse weitgehend: Familien- und personenstandsrechtliche Zuschreibungen müssen eindeutig sein, Veränderungen des biologischen Geschlechts kommen nur in seltenen Ausnahmefällen in Betracht, die gesellschaftlichen Vorstellungen über den Freiraum an „sexueller Selbstbestimmung“ werden an den Grenzen strafrechtlich abgesichert und jene, die sich nicht daran halten, gelten in der Rechtspraxis entweder als schuldfähig oder haben mit u.U. langjährigem Freiheitsentzug im Rahmen der Sicherungsverwahrung zu rechnen. Dieses Spannungsfeld zwischen individueller Disposition und gesellschaftlicher Erwartung war Gegenstand eines Workshops, der am 20. November 2009 gemeinsam vom Institut für Humangenetik der Universitätsmedizin Göttingen und dem Zentrum für Medizinrecht der Juristischen Fakultät veranstaltet wurde. Der vorliegende Band enthält die Resultate eines interdisziplinären Dialogs von Experten/Innen aus der Humangenetik, der Sexualforschung, der Soziologie, des Medizinrechts und der forensischen Psychiatrie.

Aquinas on Virtue

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Book Series: Moral Traditions series ISBN: 9781626164727 9781626164734 9781626164741 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Georgetown University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101708
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-25 11:01:55
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Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274), an Italian Dominican friar and Catholic priest, is one of the most influential theologians in the Christian tradition. Scholarship on Aquinas is flourishing, with studies of natural law theory, action theory, the morality of the passions, feminism, political theory, etc. Yet despite the contemporary renewal of virtue ethics, to date no full-length treatment of Aquinas' theory of virtue exists. Aquinas on Virtues offers a new and comprehensive interpretation of how Aquinas uses the four causes--formal, material, final, and efficient--to understand virtue in general, and how these causes underlie his treatment of specific virtues that make up the bulk of his ethics. In the final part of the book Austin applies the causal approach to four contested issues in contemporary virtue theory: practical wisdom; virtue and the passions; the teleology (or ultimate end) of virtue; and infused moral virtues, exploring the relation between grace and virtue.

Estonian Approaches to Culture Theory

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Book Series: Approaches to Culture Theory ISBN: 9789949326136 9789949326143 Year: Pages: 335 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_500356 Language: English
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-09-18 11:01:07
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The fourth volume in the Approaches to Culture Theory series is a contemporary Estonian anthology in culture theory. Most of the authors are members of the research groups of the Centre of Excellence in Cultural Theory: archaeology, cultural communication studies, contemporary cultural studies, ethnology, folkloristics, religious studies, landscape studies, and semiotics. These scholars have revised their recent work to highlight current topics in culture theory in Estonia and use theoretical analyses to advance the self-description and self-understanding of culture. Contributors include Aili Aarelaid-Tart, Martin Ehala, Halliki Harro-Loit, Tiiu Jaago, Anne Kull, Kalevi Kull, Kristin Kuutma, Valter Lang, Art Leete, Kati Lindström, Mihhail Lotman, Hannes Palang, Rein Raud, Raul Tiganik, Peeter Torop, Ülo Valk, and Tõnu Viik.

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