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Fluid Networks and Hegemonic Powers in the Western Indian Ocean

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ISBN: 9791036511370 Language: English
Publisher: Centro de Estudos Internacionais
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:27
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The present volume sets forth to analyse illustrative aspects of the deep-rooted immersion of the populations of the eastern coasts of Africa in the vast network of commercial, cultural and religious interactions that extend to the Middle-East and the Indian subcontinent, as well as the long-time involvement of various exogenous military, administrative and economic powers (Ottoman, Omani, Portuguese, Dutch, British, French and, more recently, European-Americans).

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Africa

Alimentazione, cultura e società in Africa. Crisi globali, risorse locali

Authors: ---
Book Series: Di/segni ISBN: 9788867053872 Year: Pages: 187 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-03 11:10:53
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Il volume è dedicato al rapporto tra alimentazione, cultura e società nell’Africa contemporanea. Ricercatori di diverse discipline (geografia, letteratura, antropologia, economia) si confrontano con operatori della cooperazione internazionale per approfondire le criticità nell’accesso al cibo in Africa e analizzare le risorse materiali e immateriali che le società africane attivano in questo settore. Una particolare attenzione è dedicata alle strategie delle comunità locali in ambito agricolo e alimentare: in un contesto globale caratterizzato da forti squilibri, la dimensione locale costituisce un’importante opportunità per garantire un’alimentazione sufficiente e di qualità, conservando e valorizzando l’ambiente e le culture africane.

A Malária em Moçambique: Políticas, Provedores de Cuidados, Saberes e Práticas de Gestão da Doença

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ISBN: 9789898876928 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Centro de Estudos Internacionais
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:48
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As sociedades do distrito de Chókwè, no sul Moçambique, caracterizam-se por uma diversidade de etnomedicinas, nomadamente a biomedicina, a medicina tradicional ea cura espiritual. No ambito das atividades de controlo da malária, analisaram-se os conhecimentos e práticas relacionados com a sua etiologia, o diagnóstico, a prevenção eo tratamento, de acordo como diferentes provedores de cuidados de saúde consultados. Anatise deste fenómeno faith realizada to luz of uma perspectiva interpretativa e crítica, integrando fatores de ordem económica, social, política, organizacional e cultural, that são frequentemente marginalizados na compresão desta doença. Com base numa multidisciplinary approach and quality, concluiu-se that has a social construção da enfermidade emerge não só da experiência psicossocial dos doses e grupos sociais mas tambémial de todas as dinâmicas that integram has vida em sociedade, em especial da teia of relocated socioculturais, ideológicas, políticas e vivências, simbolismos, fluxos of informação e os múltiplos atores, that compõem a complexa arquitetura do Sistema Nacional de Saúde, em Moçambique. Recusando a "monocultura epistémica", as histórias de vida relativas aos provedores de saúde tradicionais (curandeiros e pastores) e os discursos sobre sua identidade evidenciam os conflictos e as tensões existentes bem como as tentativas de harmonização, cooperação e complementaridade terapêutica. Do mesmo modo that o Mosquito Anopheles resists e adapted to alterações do meio, também os conhecimentos, práticas terapêuticas e as relésões sociê respeitantes saúde e in doença estão em constant mutação. Em ambos os casos, desconhecem-subsequentes modalidades e configurações.

Keywords

Mozambique --- diagnosis --- medicine --- Africa

Escargotesque, or, What Is Experience

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ISBN: 9780692373880 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0089.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:40
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“Experience” is a concept paradoxically deployed to accentuate the aconceptual. Although thinking, knowing, reflecting, and analyzing are kinds of experiences, invocations of “experience” typically direct our attention to what is immediate, embodied, unrepresented, unthought, even unthinkable. And yet, whether by learning experience, traumatic experience, life experience, mystical experience, or all of these, we hope most fervently that our experience will teach us, transform us, become part of us. Why do we strive to find, profit from, and possess experience while insisting upon experience’s intellectual elusiveness? What do we intend when we petition (and re-petition) experience for truth, for growth, for strength? To whom or to what do we sing when we sing experience’s song? Escargotesque, or, What is Experience? asks why both our lived experiences and our mythologies of experience so often fold inward, repeat, return. Departing from his unusual experience of working as a garbage-collector in the West African country of Benin, M.H. Bowker converses with several champions of experience (from Michel de Montaigne to John Dewey, from Søren Kierkegaard to Ralph Waldo Emerson, from Simone Weil to R.D. Laing) to pose radical questions about the intentions and dynamics that guide our quest for experience, intentions and dynamics that are more destructive and more melancholy than celebrants of experience would care to admit. Across Escargotesque’s six loosely linear parts, fragments of prose memoir intersect with poetry, sketch art, philosophical reflection, cultural criticism, and psychological examination in ways that both evoke and unsettle the thinking person’s experience. Escargotesque both testifies to an experience and reveals surprising fantasies driving the modern and postmodern turn to experience as a source of truth and hope. Such fantasies include the sacredness of even the most violent ‘pure experience,’ the necessity of supplicating experience’s objects, and the ultimate demise of the one who experiences.

Un cant èpic africà: una crítica al poder absolut

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Book Series: Antropologia Mèdica ISBN: 9788484244721 Year: Pages: 154 Language: Catalan
Publisher: Publicacions Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Subject: Anthropology --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-14 11:15:35
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Durant mil·lennis i mil·lennis, l’Àfrica subsahariana ha tingut la paraula com a principal mitjà de comunicació. En els darrers decennis, gràcies a la tècnica dels magnetòfons, s’han pogut conservar no tan sols les paraules sinó també algunes de les veus d’aquells que les produïren. Es així com avui podem gaudir del relat èpic que fou cantat durant una nit sencera pel trobador Zwè Nguéma l’any 1960 a Anguia (el Gabon) en llengua fang, enregistrat amb un magnetòfon d’aquell temps per Herbert Pepper (Orstom), transcrit i traduït al francès pels lingüistes Monsieur i Madame de Wolf i publicat pels Classiques Africains (Arman Colin) l’any 1972. És aquest relat de «mvet» el que l’autor d’aquest llibre es proposa resumir i comentar tot mostrant-nos de quina manera a través d’un llenguatge fantàstic i meravellós, proper fins i tot a la ciència ficció, el trobador ens lliura una crítica a qualsevol forma despòtica de governar un país.

Manufacturing Transformation: Comparative Studies of Industrial Development in Africa and Emerging Asia

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198776987 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198776987.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-05 11:01:21
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While it is possible for economies to grow based on abundant land or natural resources, more often structural change—the shift of resources from low-productivity to high-productivity sectors—is the key driver of economic growth. Structural transformation is vital for Africa. The region’s much-lauded growth turnaround since 1995 has been the result of fewer economic policy mistakes, robust commodity prices, and new discoveries of natural resources. At the same time, Africa’s economic structure has changed very little. Primary commodities and natural resources still account for the bulk of exports. Industry is most often the leading driver of structural transformation. Africa’s experience with industrialization over the past thirty years has been disappointing. In 2010, sub-Saharan Africa’s average share of manufacturing value added in GDP was 10 per cent, unchanged from the 1970s. In fact the share of medium- and high-tech goods in manufacturing production has been falling since the mid-1990s. Per capita manufactured exports are less than 10 per cent of the developing country average. Consequently, Africa’s industrial transformation has yet to take place. This book presents results of comparative country-based research that sought to answer a seemingly simple but puzzling question: why is there so little industry in Africa? It brings together detailed country case studies of industrial policies and industrialization outcomes in eleven countries, conducted by teams of national researchers in partnership with experts on industrial development. It provides the most comprehensive description and analysis available of the contemporary industrialization experience in low-income Africa.

Welcoming Africa's children

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781928396079 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2016.waccs13 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS Grant: North West University
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:31
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The purpose of this book is to combine perspectives of scholars from Africa on Child Theology from a variety of theological sub-disciplines to provide some theological and ministerial perspectives on this topic. The book disseminates original research and new developments in this study field, especially as relevant to the African context. In the process it addresses also the global need to hear voices from Africa in this academic field. It aims to convey the importance of considering Africa’s children in theologising. The different chapters represent diverse methodologies, but the central and common focus is to approach the subject from the viewpoint of Africa’s children. The individual authors’ varied theological sub-disciplinary dispositions contribute to the unique and distinct character of the book. Almost all chapters are theoretical orientated with less empirical but more qualitative research, although some of the chapters refer to empirical research that the authors have performed in the past. Most of the academic literature in the field of Child Theologies is from American or British-European origin. The African context is fairly absent in this discourse, although it is the youngest continent and presents unique and relevant challenges. This book was written by theological scholars from Africa, focussing on Africa’s children. It addresses not only theoretical challenges in this field but also provides theological perspectives for ministry with children and for important social change. Written from a variety of theological sub-disciplines, the book is aimed at scholars across theological sub-disciplines, especially those theological scholars interested in the intersections between theology, childhood studies and African cultural or social themes. It addresses themes and provides insights that are also relevant for specialist leaders and professionals in this field. No part of the book was plagiarised from another publication or published elsewhere.

Industries without Smokestacks

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198821885 Year: Pages: 480 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198821885.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Manufactures --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:02
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Structural transformation in Africa has become a hot topic. One of the earliest stylized facts of development economics is that low-income countries have large differences in output per worker across sectors, and movement of workers from low- to high-productivity sectors—structural transformation is a key driver of economic growth. Between 1950 and 2006, about half of the catch-up by developing countries—led by East Asia—to advanced economy productivity levels was due to rising productivity within manufacturing combined with structural transformation out of agriculture. Manufacturing has the capacity to employ large numbers of unskilled workers, is capable of large productivity gains through innovation, and entails tradeable products that permit economies of scale and specialization. But manufacturing in Africa, rather than leading growth, has typically been a lagging sector. In 2014, the average share of manufacturing in GDP in sub-Saharan Africa hovered around 10 per cent, unchanged from the 1970s, leading some observers to be pessimistic about Africa’s potential to catch the wave of sustained rapid growth and rising incomes. This book challenges that view. It argues that other activities sharing the characteristics of manufacturing—including tourism, ICT, and other services as well as food processing and horticulture—are beginning to play a role analogous to the role that manufacturing played in East Asia. This reflects not only changes in the global organization of industries since the early era of rapid East Asian growth, but also advantages unique to Africa. These ‘industries without smokestacks’ offer new opportunities for Africa to grow in coming decades.&#xD;

Growth and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198744795 Year: Pages: 528 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744795.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 11:01:16
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While the economic growth renaissance in sub-Saharan Africa is widely recognized, much less is known about progress in living conditions. This book comprehensively evaluates trends in living conditions in 16 major sub-Saharan African countries, corresponding to nearly 75% of the total population. A striking diversity of experience emerges. While monetary indicators improved in many countries, others are yet to succeed in channeling the benefits of economic growth into the pockets of the poor. Some countries experienced little economic growth, and saw little material progress for the poor. At the same time, the large majority of countries have made impressive progress in key non-monetary indicators of wellbeing. Overall, the African growth renaissance earns two cheers, but not three. While gains in macroeconomic and political stability are real, they are also fragile. Growth on a per capita basis is much better than in the 1980s and 1990s, yet not rapid compared with other developing regions. Importantly from a pan-African perspective, key economies-particularly Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa-are not among the better performers. Looking forward, realistic expectations are required. The development process is, almost always, a long hard slog. Nevertheless, real and durable factors appear to be at play on the sub-continent with positive implications for growth and poverty reduction in future.

The Practice of Industrial Policy: Government—Business Coordination in Africa and East Asia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780198796954 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796954.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: WIDER Studies in Development Economics
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-27 11:01:30
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Much of the information relevant to policy formulation for industrial development is held by the private sector, not by public officials. There is, therefore, fairly broad agreement in the development literature that some form of structured engagement—often referred to as close or strategic coordination—between the public and private sectors is needed, to assist in the design of appropriate policies and provide feedback on their implementation. There is less agreement on how that engagement should be structured, how its objectives be defined, and how success be measured. In fact, the academic literature provides little practical guidance on how governments interested in developing such a framework should go about doing it. The burden of this lack of guidance falls most heavily on Africa, where—despite twenty years of growth—lack of structural transformation has slowed job creation and the pace of poverty reduction. In 2014, the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER) launched a joint research project: The Practice of Industrial Policy. The aim is to help African policy makers develop better coordination between public and private sectors in order to identify the constraints to faster structural transformation and design, implement, and monitor policies to remove them. This book, written by national researchers and international experts, presents the results of that research by combining a set of analytical ‘framing’ essays on close coordination with case studies of successful and unsuccessful efforts at close coordination in Africa and in comparator countries.

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