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Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

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Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198718574 Year: Pages: 544 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-10 11:01:18
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Abstract

Food price volatility is one of the major challenges facing the global agricultural system today. This was most vividly illustrated during the global food crisis of 2007–9 when price spikes occurred for key staple food commodities—such as wheat, rice, maize, and soybeans. Given the variety of reactions by governments of countries experiencing similar food price shocks, the 2007–9 crisis offered an excellent natural experiment for generating knowledge on responses to price volatility in particular and on the political economy of agricultural policy-making more generally. This book contains the wealth of collaborative research by a global team of experts on food price policy—the research was undertaken on a sizeable group of low- and middle-income countries that were highly affected by the 2007–9 food crisis. The central aim of the study is to uncover which political economy factors—ranging from the constellation of different interest groups to the nature of political institutions—explain variations in policy responses across countries. The research output proves valuable for at least three target audiences. First, it can inform international organizations and donors about which types of policy interventions can mitigate price volatility and whether they are feasible given a country’s political economy context. Second, it can help national policy makers better understand the trade-offs of certain policy interventions. Third, it generates much-needed further knowledge about the agricultural policy-making process in developing countries, which remains incredibly scarce despite the importance of agriculture to these countries’ economies.

Chypre : les espoirs du rapprochement communautaire

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ISBN: 9782858312825 DOI: 10.4000/books.pressesinalco.16730 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Inalco
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
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Quel est le but de ce livre ? pour le dire en quelques mots, il s’agit de montrer qu’à côté des innombrables rencontres politiques officielles qui sont sans résultat notable depuis plus de quarante ans, des militants courageux et volontaires, aidés par le passage des générations, tentent d’agir sur l’opinion citoyenne, en rétablissant des relations personnelles entre les populations chypriotes, en développant, à côté de l’hellénisme et du turcisme, l’idée d’une nation chypriote. La première partie rappelle le fil de l’histoire : comment l’Empire ottoman, la domination britannique, la courte indépendance et le nationalisme surdimensionné des colonels grecs, encouragés par les États‑Unis, ont façonné la situation actuelle. La seconde, 1974‑2003, montre comment la situation s’enlise : d’un côté, les politiques locaux prennent des mesures qui solidifient et aggravent la partition de 1974, de l’autre, une première génération de militants développe le chypriotisme. Enfin la troisième partie montre comment depuis 2003, les contacts entre citoyens de Chypre se multiplient sans heurts, en exerçant indéniablement une influence sur les politiques locaux, même si les résultats sont encore limités. Les mentalités ne changent pas rapidement, et le sort de Chypre dépend, également et malheureusement, de facteurs extérieurs, la Grèce, la Turquie, la Grande-Bretagne, l’Union européenne, les États-Unis, la Russie, la situation au Proche-Orient...

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2016 (1)