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Chapter 3 Derivation of Morality from Prudence (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Focus on Philosophy ISBN: 9780367230159 9780429277955 Year: Pages: 36 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:22
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Abstract

This chapter derives and refines a novel normative moral theory and descriptive theory of moral psychology—Rightness as Fairness—from the theory of prudence defended in Chapter 2 of Neurofunctional Prudence and Morality: A Philosophical Theory. The chapter briefly summarizes Chapter 2’s finding that prudent agents typically internalize ‘moral risk-aversion’. The chapter then outlines how this prudential psychology leads prudent agents to want to know how to act in ways they will not regret in morally salient cases, as well as to regard moral actions as the only types of actions that satisfy this prudential interest. The chapter then uses these findings to defend a new derivation of Marcus Arvan’s theory of morality, Rightness as Fairness, showing how the derivation successfully defends Rightness as Fairness against a variety of objections. Additionally, the chapter outlines how Arvan’s theory of prudence can help substantiates the claim that Rightness as Fairness unifies a variety of competing moral frameworks: deontology, consequentialism, contractualism, and virtue ethics. Finally, the chapter shows how Chapter 2’s theory of prudence entails some revisions to Rightness as Fairness, including the adoption of a series of Rawlsian original positions to settle prudential, moral, and social-political issues under ideal and nonideal circumstances.

Confucius and Cicero

Authors: ---
Book Series: Roma Sinica ISBN: 9783110616804 9783110617009 9783110616606 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1515/9783110617009 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:05
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Abstract

This book explores the relationships between ancient Roman and Confucian thought, paying particular attention to their relevance for the contemporary world. More than 10 scholars from all around the world offer thereby a reference work for the comparative research between Roman (and early Greek) and Eastern thought, setting new trends in the panorama of Classical and Comparative Studies.

Understanding Perspectivism

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Philosophy of Science ISBN: 9781138503069 9781315145198 Year: Pages: 210 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 647272
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-05 11:21:02
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Abstract

This edited collection is the first of its kind to explore the view called
perspectivism in the philosophy of science. The book brings together an
array of essays that reflect on the methodological promises and scientific
challenges of perspectivism in a variety of fields such as physics, biology,
cognitive neuroscience, and cancer research, just for a few examples. What
are the advantages of using a plurality of perspectives in a given scientific field
and for interdisciplinary research? Can different perspectives be integrated?
What is the relation between perspectivism, pluralism, and pragmatism?
These ten new essays by top scholars in the field offer a kaleidoscopic
journey toward understanding the view called “perspectivism” and its
relevance to science.

Keywords

science --- philosophy --- opinion

Homo absconditus

Author:
ISBN: 9783110666373 9783110666397 9783110661422 Year: Pages: 673 DOI: 10.1515/9783110666397 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:03
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This volume examines the specifics of Plessner's philosophy in comparison with the conceptions of Dewey, Freud, Habermas, Heidegger, Jaspers, Kant, Nietzsche, v. Uexküll and today's brain, cognition and behavioral research. It shows how philosophical anthropology overcomes the speciesism, ethnocentrism, anthropocentrism of modernity in favour of a common and open future of personal life forms.

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english (3)

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2020 (4)