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Sigmund Freud - Sándor Ferenczi. Briefwechsel

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ISBN: 9783205990994 Year: Pages: 315 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437154 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3591
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:52
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This sixth and final half-volume of the Freud/Ferenczi correspondence covers the period from 1925 until Ferenczi's death in 1933. During that period, Freud works on revisions of psychoanalytical theory, on autobiographical and historical contributions, on religious topics and on his critique of civilization and culture, and on the development of female sexuality. Ferenczi publishes his probably most interesting, but also most contested contributions to the theory and technique of psychoanalysis. With hindsight one can say that his technical experiments lead him to formulate a theoretical model which has became the basis for contemporary theories. For a time, he closely collaborates for this with Freud's "right hand," Otto Rank. Their publications lead to a personal and scientific fight over power between the leaders of the psychoanalytic movement, a fight that threatens to split that very movement. This conflict - which has influenced the history of psychoanalysis to this day - results in Rank's leaving the psychoanalytic community and Ferenczi's being marginalized. Freud, at first supportive of Ferenczi and Rank, eventually joins their opponents (above all Karl Abraham and Ernest Jones). He regards Ferenczi's innovations as a scientific regression, and interprets them as Ferenczi's reaction to his own personal problems and deficits. Ferenczi himself, however, is convinced of the value of his ideas, and struggles for more independence from Freud. The general tone of their letters gets less intimate, and sometimes outright sharp. Ferenczi writes less often, instead he confides his new ideas and his criticism of Freud to his "Clinical Diary." Although an open break can be avoided, Ferenczi's untimely death prevents a resolution of their conflicts and misunderstandings. Without doubt, the Freud/Ferenczi correspondence is one of the most important primary sources for the early history of psychoanalysis, and it is a literary event of the first magnitude to boot. In none of his other correspondences with disciples writes Freud so frequently, so openly, and over such a long period of time. This final volume documents the tragic end of this "intimate community of life, feeling, and interest" (Freud to Ferenczi, 11.1.1933); and all this before the background of the political and social upheaval of that time. The guiding line of the editorial apparatus has been to give the contemporary reader information about anything with which she or he might not be familiar: persons, events, literary and scientific works, quotations, cryptoquotations, allusions, and so on. It also contains quotations from a great number of hitherto unpublished Freud letters.

Wissenschafterinnen in und aus Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205994671 Year: Pages: 870 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_473963 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3359
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-09 16:28:06
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In the present bio - bibliographic collection the life and work of female scientists, working in Austria or being originally from Austria, have been the center of research. The temporal focus extends primarily from the turn of the century to the post-war period. The first generation of female scientists at the Universities of Vienna, Graz and Innsbruck were explored. The first generation of women who achieved a habilitation in Austria, as well as the first female lecturers and professors were collected in their completeness. Those "classical" science careers can be compared with those of men. However, a detailed consideration was also given to the non- academic area. From a total of 331 lexicon articles about one-third is dedicated to the medical, psychological and therapeutic field. Due to the historical turning points of the two world wars persecution, flight, emigration and also re-migration of the female scientists move into the focus of numerous of the individual biographies. The question of similarities and differences, according to different living conditions and opportunities to those who remained in Austria, is obvious. Beyond the individual biographical aspect, a historic impression about cultural and political trends and their impact on scientific research and teaching is provided. Especially from a feminist perspective, the lexicon is a desideratum, as it is the first time that in Austria the participation of women in the production and placement of science during the considered period got comprehensively researched and documented.

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