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The essential role of language in survey research

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ISBN: 9781934831236 Year: DOI: 10.3768/rtipress.bk.0023.2004 Language: English
Publisher: RTI Press/RTI International
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-12 22:29:04
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Language users, such as survey respondents and interviewers, must speak the same language literally and figuratively to interact with each other. As diversity grows in the United States and globally, interviewers and respondents may speak a different language or speak the same language differently that reflects their own cultural norms of communication. This book discusses the role of language in survey research when comparisons across groups, cultures, and countries are of interest. Language use in surveys is dynamic, including words, symbols (e.g., arrows), and even emojis. The entire survey life cycle is carried out through language. Researchers write or translate questions and instructions that will address research questions and then pretest them using various techniques, including qualitative inquiry that focuses on context beyond just “the numbers.” Human or virtual data collectors use persuasive messages to communicate with survey respondents and encourage their survey participation. Respondents must comprehend and interpret survey questions and instructions to provide a response. All of these survey processes and products contribute to data quality, and the role of language is essential.

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Survey research

Giovani a tempo indeterminato. Valori e atteggiamenti dei giovani romani

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Book Series: La cassetta degli attrezzi. Strumenti per le scienze umane - Open Access ISBN: 9788891756404 Year: Language: Italian
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-13 11:02:26
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Being young in Italy in times of crisis means living with a mood that oscillates between depression and euphoria. Rather than thinking about the future, which is not known in any way, it is useful to look for some satisfaction in an eternal present time. The Italian young people's lives are suspended, invisible, lost, delayed, resized. They are those of an indefinite youth.

Chapter 3 Race and Racial Thinking (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138826687 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315739120 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:06:25
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Knowledge of and sensitivity toward diversity is an essential skill in the contemporary United States and the wider world. This book addresses the standard topics of race, ethnicity, class and gender but goes much further by engaging seriously with issues of language, religion, age, health and disability, and region and geography. It also considers the intersections between and the diversities within these categories. Eller presents students with an unprecedented combination of history, conceptual analysis, discussion of academic literature, and up-to-date statistics. The book includes a range of illustrations, figures and tables, text boxes, a glossary of key terms, and a comprehensive bibliography. Additional resources are provided via a companion website.

Keywords

african --- american --- americans --- colour --- community --- division --- full --- photographs --- survey --- version

Plataiai

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783900305659 Year: Pages: 485 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_451002 Language: German
Publisher: Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4309
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-08-16 18:46:33
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Plataiai, in SW-Boiotia, is famous above all for the events which took place in its vicinity in the autumn of 479 B.C. This victory of the Greeks over the Persian army, in concert with the Battle of Salamis, was an event of the utmost significance for European history and is often the topic of modern scientific analysis. Nevertheless, the ancient polis which gave its name to the battle has been overlooked by modern historians and all the more by archaeologists, in a rather curious way. The Plataiai Project was consequently inaugurated in 1996 in order to gain a better understanding of the history and chronology of this ancient place. Results from the investigations have made it possible to establish a settlement sequence for Plataiai; this sequence spans seven millennia, from the Middle Neolithic Age to the modern era. Plataiai is situated in a relatively secure location on the lower slopes of Mt. Kithairon where the first settlers established a small hamlet. The site continued to be inhabited in a nearly unbroken sequence into historical times. During the formative period of Classical Hellas Plataiai developed into an independent polis. The town became entangled in the internecine struggles of 6th and 5th century B.C. Greece and suffered accordingly. Plataiai was twice destroyed and depopulated as a result of the wars between Athens, Sparta and Thebes. Only a final shift of the political and strategic focusses under Philip and Alexander helped secure the existence of the town. During Hellenistic times and the time of the Roman Empire Plataiai remained undisturbed. Plataiai's existence during the 6th, 5th and 4th centuries B.C. is documented mainly by way of surface finds and its earliest known fortification. In addition to the discovery of fragmentary dwellings from the 6th century B.C., small scale excavations appear to have uncovered a cult deposit from the same period. The main characteristics of Plataiai in the late 4th century B.C. and beyond consist of an ambitious extension of the settlement, structured internally along an orthogonal grid of urban blocks and roads which was protected by an extended belt of fortifications. Geophysical survey has helped to locate and document the main urban monuments, such as the Agora, the precinct of Dionysos, the Temple of Hera, and other public buildings, in addition to an extended area covered by private dwellings, some of truly impressive size. The evidence of such large buildings confirms, beyond a doubt, that several very wealthy families existed in Plataiai, who made good use of their dwellings to express their social and political status. Late Antiquity seems to have severely curtailed Plataiai's prosperity. Urgent military threats led to the building of an emergency fortification which re-used the building materials of many Hellenistic and Roman structures. Nevertheless, a bishopric at Plataiai, a note in Procopius' de aedeficiis and the remains of several churches at the site prove that the town still existed during the reign of the emperor Justinian, whereas it is possible that the site was abandoned after this time. Only from the 11th and 12th centuries A.D. onwards does the surface material again corroborate the existence of a settlement at the site. The modern village of Kokla was renamed Plataies during the 1920s and thus continues the tradition of the ancient polis right into the 21st century A.D.

Eine Geschichte der Neugier

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ISBN: 9783205994626 Year: Pages: 413 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574816 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3330
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:24
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My book deals for the first time comprehensively with the techniques (and methodologies) of socio-cultural research in pre-modern societies. Contrary to prevailing opinion, it holds that some form of empirical research in these domains must have been present in all human groups, and every type of society, otherwise they would not have been able to adapt to other groups and to their own Internal changes. I distinguish between three basic research techniques: (1) travel, (2) the survey, and (3) the collection and interpretation of material objects.. Chapters I-III follow the development of these techniques from primitive societies via the early civilizations (exemplified by the Ancient near East, Egypt, Israel and the Greco-Roman world) and the Middle Ages to Early Modern Western Society. The mainstay of the book is the period from late humanism to the "scientific revolution" (circa 1570-1660),when all the techniques were refined and two of them (travel and collecting) were methodized. In that period also the age-old barriers against the accumulation of the research results and thus the development of socio-cultural sciences, namely secrecy and topicality, began to break down. I hold that all this contributed decisively to the hegemony of the west over all other World civilizations. Chapters IV-VIII deal with some special problems of the following period from the "scientific revolution" to the onset of Modernity (circa 1660-1800). They are closely interconnected and add some significant and lively details to the generalizations of chapters I-III.

L'educazione permanente. Sfide e innovazioni per un sistema di rete territoriale

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Book Series: Educazione per tutta la vita - Open Access ISBN: 9788891738141 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_622151 Language: Italian
Publisher: FrancoAngeli Grant: Libera Università di Bolzano
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-13 11:01:32
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The first part of the book illustrates the concept of Lifelong Learning ("Educazione Permanente") with special focuses on the transformative learning, the lifedeep learning and the practice of work based learning. The second part of the book opens with an analysis of the concept of Lifelong Learning in the territory of the Alto Adige-Südtirol through the description of operators, organizations, activities and opportunities, regulatory and implementation aspects — and a survey specifically conducted.

Yyteistä uuteen alkuun

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789520304911 Year: Pages: 181 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_630630 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Business and Management --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-16 11:01:59
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"Towards New Beginnings: Journalists’ Descriptions about Ruptures in Media Work This volume reveals a previously untold view on changes in media work in Finland. Finnish journalists relate their experiences of being made redundant or deciding to resign, and their views on their profession in a time of flux. The data are based on telephone surveys, in-depth interviews and journalists’ written accounts. Journalists are riddled with insecurity about their future. They feel they have borne the brunt of misplaced investments and the economic conjuncture, and their work motivation and creativity have suffered due to recurring layoffs in newsrooms. Support from employment authorities for finding a new job has also been practically non-existent, and coping with a career change has generated further stress and insecurity. However, journalists who have found new employment typically feel more comfortable in these jobs than in their former work. Career shifters have also been able to make use of their journalistic skills in their new jobs and identify themselves as journalists. The authors are from the Research Centre for Journalism, Media and Communication (COMET) at the University of Tampere, Finland. The study was funded by the Finnish Work Environment Fund and the Foundation for Promoting Journalistic Culture (JOKES). "

Sairaanhoitajia Filippiineiltä

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ISBN: 9789520306991 Year: Pages: 120 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-06 11:01:55
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Nurses have been recruited to Finland from the Philippines since 2008. Although the numbers are relatively low, the phenomenon is new and has thus given rise to a manifold societal debate. It has been questioned, whether the international recruitment of nurses is an ethically and economically sustainable solution to the shortage of nursing staff in Finland. This publication serves as a forum where various agents in the international recruitment processes can get their voice to be heard. A multi-perspective approach is used to enable researchers to provide a fair, equivalent and empirically-validated illustration of the causes and consequences of international recruitment processes.

Die Nutzung von Evaluationen in den Schweizer Parlamenten

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ISBN: 9783037777268 9783037772058 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.33058/seismo.30726 Language: German
Publisher: Seismo
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:07
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Evaluations assess the effectiveness of a public policy using a scientific approach and thus provide bases to make effects-oriented and well-founded decisions in parliament. Although policy evaluations have been established in Switzerland, research on their role in the parliaments is limited. This book investigates the use of policy evaluations and its explaining factors based on a survey of cantonal and national members of parliament and studies of cantonal legislative processes. In doing so, it contributes to the question of what role knowledge plays in today’s modern parliaments.

Working in the Service Sector

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Business Organizations and Networks ISBN: 9780203500583 9780415283229 9780415653398 9781134456444 9781134456437 9781134456390 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203500583 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:03
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The rise to prominence of the service sector - heralded over half a century ago as the great hope for the twenty-first century - has come to fruition. In many cases, employment in the service sector now outnumbers that in manufacturing sectors, and it is accepted that in all developed countries, the service sector is the only one in which employment will grow in future. The reasons for this is the subject of much controversy and debate, the outcomes of which are not merely of academic interest but of decisive importance for economic policy and the quality of working and living conditions in future. In order to examine these various arguments, research teams from eight European countries worked together for three years on a comparative study of the evolution of service sector employment in EU member states. They also investigated working and employment conditions in five very different service industries (banking, retailing, hospitals, IT services and care of the elderly) in a number of countries, and the results of their research are presented in this informative new collection, of interest to students academics and researchers involved in all aspects of industrial economics.

Keywords

european --- labour --- force --- survey --- market --- part-time --- rate --- home --- care --- services

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