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The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change

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ISBN: 9780719067488 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This study explores the normative dimension of the evolving role of the United Nations in peace and security and, ultimately, in governance. What is dealt with here is both the UN's changing raison d'être and the wider normative context within which the organisation is located. The study looks at the UN through the window of one of its most contentious, yet least understood, practices: active involvement in intra-state conflicts as epitomised by UN peacekeeping. Drawing on the conceptual tools provided by the 'historical structural' approach, this study seeks to understand how and why the international community continuously reinterprets or redefines the UN's role with regard to intra-state conflicts. The study concentrates on intra-states 'peacekeeping environments', and examines what changes, if any, have occurred to the normative basis of UN peacekeeping in intra-state conflicts from the early 1960s to the early 1990s. One of the original aspects of the study is its analytical framework, where the conceptualisation of 'normative basis' revolves around objectives, functions and authority, and is closely connected with the institutionalised values in the UN Charter such as state sovereignty, human rights and socio-economic development. This book is essential reading for postgraduate students of IR and international peacekeeping organisations.

Keywords

sovereignty --- diplomacy --- un --- peacekeeping

Sacred Men

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ISBN: 9781478090236 9781478005667 9781478006343 9781478005032 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.1215/9781478090236 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-28 11:21:03
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Between 1944 and 1949 the United States Navy held a war crimes tribunal that tried Japanese nationals and members of Guam's indigenous Chamorro population who had worked for Japan's military government. In Sacred Men Keith L. Camacho traces the tribunal's legacy and its role in shaping contemporary domestic and international laws regarding combatants, jurisdiction, and property. Drawing on Giorgio Agamben's notions of bare life and Chamorro concepts of retribution, Camacho demonstrates how the U.S. tribunal used and justified the imprisonment, torture, murder, and exiling of accused Japanese and Chamorro war criminals in order to institute a new American political order. This U.S. disciplinary logic in Guam, Camacho argues, continues to directly inform the ideology used to justify the Guantánamo Bay detention center, the torture and enhanced interrogation of enemy combatants, and the American carceral state.

Cultures, Citizenship and Human Rights

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Book Series: Routledge Advances in Sociology ISBN: 9780429198588 9780367185619 Year: Pages: 268 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-29 11:21:04
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"In Cultures, Citizenship and Human Rights the combined analytical efforts of the fields of human rights law, conflict studies, anthropology, history, media studies, gender studies, and critical race and postcolonial studies raise a comprehensive understanding of the discursive and visual mediation of migration and manifestations of belonging and citizenship. More insight into the convergence, but also the tensions between the cultural and the legal foundations of citizenship, has proven to be vital to the understanding of societies past and present, especially to assess processes of inclusion and exclusion. Citizenship is more than a collection of rights and privileges held by the individual members of a state, but involves cultural and historical interpretations, legal contestation and regulation as well as an active engagement with national, regional and local state and other institutions about the boundaries of those (implicitly gendered and raced) rights and privileges. Highlighting and assessing the transformations of what citizenship entails today is crucially important to the future of Europe, which both as an idea and as a practical project faces challenges that range from the crisis of legitimacy to the problems posed by mass migration. Many of the issues addressed in this book however also play out in other parts of the world, as several of the chapters reflect. "

Feminist new materialisms: Activating Ethico-Politics Through Genealogies in Social Sciences

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ISBN: 9783039218080 9783039218097 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-809-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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For the editors of this collection, new materialisms have always been the entanglement of epistemology, ontology, ethics, and politics. Looking back to the notion of “situated knowledges” (Haraway, 1988) that – among others – “planted the seed for feminist new materialism” (van der Tuin, 2015, 26) – one sees how those (at least) four planes are entangled (Rogowska-Stangret, 2018) in order to bring forth “response-able” (Haraway, 2008) research. New materialism is thus an ethico-onto-epistemological framework (Barad, 2007; Revelles-Benavente, 2018) that by activating its ethico-politics helps to diagnose, infer, and transform gendered, environmental, anthropocentric, social injustices from a multidimensional angle. Social injustices are a driving motivation to pursue research and are the reason why the editors and authors of this Special Issue cannot understand new materialism without feminism (in the lines of eds. Hinton & Teusch, 2015). Contemporary feminist researchers are providing new materialisms with a transversal approach, (Yuval-Davis 1997) that comes from many different disciplines without canonizing back again knowledge creation and production and in hope that they will not enter back into classifixations (van der Tuin, 2015). It is “situated” (Haraway, 1988) research “response-able” (Haraway, 2008) to material-discursive practices that iterate in a dynamic conceptualization of matter.

Public-Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development

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ISBN: 9783038978329 9783038978336 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-833-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Voluntary sustainability standards (VSS) and other private governance instruments (e.g., Fair Trade, Forest Stewardship Council, Fair Wear Foundation, GLOBALGAP) are increasingly regulating global production processes and economic activities. VSS verify the compliance of products or production processes with sustainability standards. The importance of voluntary sustainability standards is now widely recognized. After being operational for more than two decades, they have established themselves as private governance instruments. This recognition is also exemplified by their integration in public regulatory approaches. Governments and international organizations are partnering with voluntary sustainability standards to pursue sustainable development policies. We witness the integration of VSS in the regulatory approaches of local and national governments in countries around the world, the integration of VSS in trade policies, the emergence of public–private initiatives to govern global supply chains, and the inclusion of private initiatives in experimentalist governance regimes. This Special Issue seeks to bring together research on the interface between private and public governance. We welcome contributions which analyze specific case studies on the emergence and development of these private–public interactions, the design of public–private governance, the effectiveness of these governance arrangements, and critical perspectives on the possibilities and limitations of such public–private forms of governance. We welcome multi-disciplinary perspectives including contributions from economics, political science, law, sociology, geography, and anthropology. Papers selected for this Special Issue are subject to a peer review procedure with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, developments, and applications.

The Role and Meaning of Religion for Korean Society

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ISBN: 9783038978886 9783038978893 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-889-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:28
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This special issue presents discussions of the role and meaning of religion for Korean society. Covering wide-ranging time periods, the authors explores with their own cases four major characteristics of Korean religion: Creativity, Greater Responsiveness, Adaptability, and Prophethood. Their topical religious traditions include Neo-Confucianism, Christianity, Buddhism, and Korean new religious movements.

Keywords

Korean Christianity --- Bible --- scriptures --- performance --- semantics --- Tongdok --- Pansori --- bibliodrama --- Korean religion --- Korean Protestants --- Gukgajochangidohoe (Korean National Prayer Breakfast) --- prophetic consciousness --- Korean Neo-Confucianism --- li-ki metaphysics --- Confucian democracy --- popular sovereignty --- pluralism --- public culture --- spirituality --- Confucianism --- Joseon Korea --- Western Learning --- Shin Hudam --- Jeong Yag-Jong --- Tasan Jeong Yag-Yong --- Candlelight Revolution --- civil society --- Confucianism --- impeachment --- South Korea --- Satipa??h?na --- mindful hwadu Sisimma --- Sati-Sisimma --- bare attention --- counter-illumination --- Chan/Seon/Zen --- Korean Ganhwa Seon --- religious education --- equalization policy --- confessional perspective --- non-confessional perspective --- religion and state --- religion and constitution --- religion and human rights --- teaching rights of religion --- Korean Neo-Confucianism --- the Four–Seven Debate --- li and qi --- moral metaphysics --- moral psychology --- theistic turn --- liberation theology --- minjung theology --- minjungshinhak --- minjung --- han --- integral mission --- secularization --- secularization theory --- critical theory --- metaphysical pathos --- ecclesiastical social responsibility --- Korean Buddhism --- modernization and Buddhism --- patriotic Buddhism --- marriage of monks --- all-embracing Buddhism --- religiousness of confucianism --- korean confucianism --- affection (chinchin/qinqin) --- respect (chonjon/zunzun) --- three-year mourning --- controversy on mourning attire --- Chos?n Dynasty --- Song Siy?l --- H? Mok --- Yun Hyu --- the Jogye Order --- decreased number of monks --- aging monks --- education for monks --- educational innovation

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