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Marine Oil Spills

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ISBN: 9783038425045 9783038425052 Year: Pages: VIII, 168 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-02 11:45:44
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Major oil spills attract the attention of the public and the media. This was especially the case after the Deepwater Horizon spill. In recent years, this attention has created a global awareness of the risks of oil spills and the damage they do to the environment. Oil is a necessity in our industrial society, however, and a major component of our lifestyle. This means that the risk of major spills continues as does the interest in spills.The Deepwater Horizon spill began a new series of scientific studies that have greatly increased our understanding of oil spills. This book contains 10 such studies. These studies vary from toxicity studies to social studies of human reaction to spills and risk. Importantly, the book is a sampling of important new topics that have become important after the Deepwater Horizon spill. These new topics include new chemical and tracing techniques, new risk perception techniques, perspectives on human health and spills, and discussion on new fuels. This book makes a significant contribution to the understanding of facets of spills and explores 10 very different facets of oil spills.

Climate change and the oil industry: Common problem, different strategies

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780719065583 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Multinational corporations are not merely the problem in environmental concerns, but could also be part of the solution. The oil industry and climate change provide the clearest example of how the two are linked; what is less well-known is how the industry is responding to these concerns. This volume presents a detailed study of the climate strategies of ExxonMobil, Shell and Statoil. With an innovative analytical approach, the authors explain variations at three decision-making levels: within the companies themselves, in the national home-bases of the companies, and at an international level. The analysis generates policy-relevant knowledge about whether and how corporate resistance to a viable climate policy can be overcome. The analytical approach developed by the authors is also applicable to other areas of environmental degradation where multinational corporations play a central role. The book is invaluable to students, researchers and practitioners interested in national and international environmental politics and business environmental management.

Keywords

environmentalism --- oil --- exxon --- multinational

Imperial Standard: Imperial Oil, Exxon, and the Canadian Oil Industry from 1880

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Book Series: Energy Histories, Cultures, and Politics ISSN: 25623494 ISBN: 9781773850368 Year: Pages: 380 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-05 21:57:31
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For over 130 years, Imperial Oil dominated Canada’s oil industry. From Petrolia to Turner Valley, Imperial was always nearby and ready to take charge. Their 1947 discovery of crude oil in Leduc, Alberta transformed the industry and the country. But from 1899 onwards, two-thirds of the company was owned by an American giant, making Imperial Oil one of the largest foreign-controlled multinationals in Canada. Imperial Standard is the first full-scale history of Imperial Oil. It illuminates Imperial’s longstanding connections to Standard Oil of New Jersey, also known as Exxon Mobil. Although this relationship was often beneficial to Imperial, allowing them access to technology and capital, it also came at a cost. During the energy crises of the 1970s and 80s, Imperial was assailed as the embodiment of foreign control of Canada’s natural resources, and in the 1990s it followed Exxon’s lead in resisting charges that the oil industry contributes to climate change.Graham D. Taylor draws on an extensive collection of primary sources, including both the Imperial Oil and Exxon Mobil archives, to explore the complex relationship between the two companies. This groundbreaking history provides unprecedented insight into one of Canada’s most influential oil companies as well as the industry itself.

Keywords

Oil --- Industry --- Multinational

Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada

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ISBN: 9781771990295 9781771990301 9781771990325 9781771990318 Year: Pages: 440 DOI: 10.15215/aupress/9781771990295.01 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-10 20:03:30
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Prior to May 2015, the oil-rich jurisdiction of Alberta had, for over four decades, been a one-party state. During that time, the rule of the Progressive Conservatives essentially went unchallenged, with critiques of government policy falling on deaf ears and Alberta ranking behind other provinces in voter turnout. Given the province’s economic reliance on oil revenues, a symbiotic relationship also developed between government and the oil industry. Cross-national studies have detected a correlation between oil-dependent economies and authoritarian rule, a pattern particularly evident in Africa and the Middle East. Alberta Oil and the Decline of Democracy in Canada sets out to test the “oil inhibits democracy” hypothesis in the context of an industrialized nation in the Global North.In probing the impact of Alberta’s powerful oil lobby on the health of democracy in the province, contributors to the volume engage with an ongoing discussion of the erosion of political liberalism in the West. In addition to examining energy policy and issues of government accountability in Alberta, they explore the ramifications of oil dependence in areas such as Aboriginal rights, environmental policy, labour law, women’s equity, urban social policy, and the arts. If, as they argue, reliance on oil has weakened democratic structures in Alberta, then what of Canada as whole, where the short-term priorities of the oil industry continue to shape federal policy? In Alberta, the New Democratic Party is in a position to reverse the democratic deficit that is presently fuelling political and economic inequality. The findings in this book suggest that, to revitalize democracy, provincial and federal leaders alike must find the courage to curb the influence of the oil industry on governance.

Alberta’s Lower Athabasca Basin: Archaeology and Palaeoenvironments

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Book Series: Recovering the Past: Studies in Archaeology ISSN: 2291-6784; 2291-6792 ISBN: 9781926836904 9781926836911 9781926836928 Year: Pages: 566 DOI: 10.15215/aupress/9781926836904.01 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-17 23:37:41
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Over the past two decades, the oil sands region of northeastern Alberta has been the site of unprecedented levels of development. Alberta's Lower Athabasca Basin tells a fascinating story of how a catastrophic ice age flood left behind a unique landscape in the Lower Athabasca Basin, one that made deposits of bitumen available for surface mining. Less well known is the discovery that this flood also produced an environment that supported perhaps the most intensive use of boreal forest resources by prehistoric Native people yet recognized in Canada. Studies undertaken to meet the conservation requirements of the Alberta Historical Resources Act have yielded a rich and varied record of prehistoric habitation and activity in the oil sands area. Evidence from between 9,500 and 5,000 years ago—the result of several major excavations—has confirmed extensive human use of the region’s resources, while important contextual information provided by key geological and palaeoenvironmental studies has deepened our understanding of how the region’s early inhabitants interacted with the landscape.Touching on various elements of this rich environmental and archaeological record, the contributors to this volume use the evidence gained through research and compliance studies to offer new insights into human and natural history. They also examine the challenges of managing this irreplaceable heritage resource in the face of ongoing development.Contributors: Alwynne Beaudoin, Angela Younie, Brian O.K. Reeves, Duane Froese, Elizabeth Roberston, Eugene Gryba, Gloria Fedirchuk, Grant Clarke, John W. Ives, Janet Blakey, Jennifer Tischer, Jim Burns, Laura Roskowski, Luc Bouchet, Murray Lobb, Nancy Saxberg, Raymond LeBlanc, Robert R. Young, Robin Woywitka, Thomas V. Lowell, and Timothy Fisher

Nach Achtundsechzig. Krisen und Krisenbewusstsein in Deutschland und Frankreich in den 1970er Jahren

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Schriftenreihe der Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte Sondernummer ISSN: 2190-1228 ISBN: 9783486743432 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1524/9783486743432 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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On both sides of the Rhine, the 1970s were characterized by intense social upheaval, economic shocks, and domestic and foreign policy uncertainties. This volume examines perceptions and consequences of the 1968 protest movement along with the impact of the 1973 oil crisis and the threat of terrorism as transnational phenomena.

Environment, Development and Change in Rural Asia-Pacific

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Pacific Rim Geographies ISBN: 9780203967843 9780415404143 9780415512572 9781134138920 9781134138913 9781134138876 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203967843 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Geography --- Economics --- Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:25
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This volume examines the economic, political, social and environmental challenges facing rural communities in the Asia-Pacific region, as global issues intersect with local contexts. Such challenges, from climatic change and volcanic eruption to population growth and violent civil unrest, have stimulated local resilience amongst communities and led to evolving regional institutions and environment management practices, changing social relationships and producing new forms of stratification. Bringing together case studies from across mainland Southeast Asia and the Island Pacific, an expert team of international contributors reveal how communities at the periphery take charge of their lives, champion the virtues of their own local systems of production and consumption, and engage in the complexities of new structures of development that demand a response to the vacillations of global politics, economy and society. Inherent in this is the recognition that 'development' as we have come to know it is far from over. Each chapter emphasizes the growing recognition that ecological and environmental issues are key to any understanding and analysis of structures of sustainable development. Providing diverse multidisciplinary theoretical and empirical perspectives, Environment, Development and Change in Rural Asia-Pacific makes an important contribution to the revitalization of development studies and as such will be essential reading for scholars in the field, as well as those with an interest in Asia-Pacific studies, economic geography and political economy.

Keywords

regional --- political --- ecology --- oil --- palm --- landesque --- capital --- harold --- brookfield --- plantations

Marine Oil Spills 2018

Author:
ISBN: 9783038978541 9783038978558 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-855-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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The mitigation of oil spills is an important facet of environmental protection. Understanding oil spills is a first step toward preventing and minimizing their damage to the environment. This compilation presents several of the current studies related to such an understanding of oil spills and the environment.This book is a compilation of 14 papers presenting new developments in the field of oil spills, giving insight into the rapidly changing world of oil spill studies and technology. The 14 papers included cover topics varying from risk analysis to oil spill remote sensing. Broadly categorized, included are six papers on modeling, four papers on remote sensing, three papers on risk assessment, and one paper on oil spill countermeasures. Each paper presents a unique insight into a facet of oil spill research and technology. The authors of these papers represent many different countries and affiliations around the world.

Keywords

RANS --- non-breaking ocean waves --- random walk method --- Lagrangian particle dispersion --- oil spill model --- oil spill --- impact modeling --- simulation --- contingency planning --- oil spill model --- ocean trajectory --- GNOME --- BLOSOM --- Salish Sea --- Point Wells --- Foss Barge --- hindcast --- windage --- model comparison --- oil spill model --- FVCOM --- OSCAR --- M/V Marathassa oil spill --- the English Bay --- Vancouver Harbour --- oil spill response --- sea-coastal zones --- methods of vulnerability mapping to oil --- the problems of vulnerability maps development --- ordinal values --- arithmetic operations with rank values --- marine pollution --- oil spill pollution --- oil spill accidents --- oil spill mitigation plans --- coastal protection --- statistical analysis --- PROMETHEE methodology --- Access Western Blend (condensate/bitumen-dilbit) --- Western Canadian Select (condensate mixed with synthetic crude/bitumen-dilsynbit) --- Synthetic Bitumen (synthetic crude/bitumen-Synbit) --- Heidrun --- dispersant --- wave tank --- dispersion effectiveness (DE) --- oil-slick discrimination algorithm --- petrogenic oil-slick category --- naturally-occurring oil seeps --- man-made oil spills --- exploratory data analysis --- remote sensing --- synthetic aperture radar --- RADARSAT --- Gulf of Mexico --- Campeche Bay --- oil spill --- Italian seas --- numerical forecasting tool --- emergency management --- oil spill --- remote sensing --- reflection coefficient --- electromagnetic roughness --- multi-frequency detector --- multiple observations --- probability density function --- probability of detection --- contingency planning --- marine information systems --- environmental monitoring --- proactive systems --- decision support systems --- signal integration --- oil spills --- oil slicks characterization --- oil thickness --- polarized SAR data --- polarimetric SAR data (PolSAR) --- statistical region-based classification --- uncertainty maps --- UAVSAR --- trajectory model --- oil spill model --- oil spill response --- oil spill risk analysis --- Gulf of Mexico --- Outer Continental Shelf --- environmental resources --- risk modelling --- Princeton Ocean Model --- trajectory analysis --- oil spill --- numerical simulation --- LES --- low atmosphere --- coastal flow --- contingency plan --- Kotor bay --- n/a

Machineries of Oil

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Book Series: Infrastructures ISBN: 9780262037044 9780262344838 Year: Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101019
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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Machineries of Oil is an investigation into oil infrastructure in modern society, examining local power struggles over the construction of the global oil industry in a non-western context. This history is crucial for understanding the twentieth-century politics of the Middle East and the peculiar ways in which countries of the Global South have served as irreplaceable laboratories for producing knowledge and know-how on nature and society. This book will come at a time when tensions between the US and Iran, and tensions surrounding the politics of the oil industry in the Middle East in particular, have become unfortunately heightened in the wake of the change in US administration. We feel this book is particularly suited to the Knowledge Unlatched program because our reach to Middle East studies audiences is somewhat limited, and we’d like this book to be available to as many readers as possible, despite limited marketing resources to go beyond our usual channels.

Burning Up

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ISBN: 9780745335629 9781786803122 9781786803139 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102237
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-05 09:51:01
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Coal, gas and oil have been capitalism's main fuels since the industrial revolution. And yet, of all the fossil fuels ever consumed, more than half were burned in the last 50 years. Most alarming of all, fossil fuel consumption has grown fastest in the last three decades, since scientists confirmed that it is the main cause of potentially devastating global warming. In Burning Up, Simon Pirani recounts the history of fossil fuels' relentless rise since the mid twentieth century. Dispelling explanations foregrounding Western consumerism, and arguments that population growth is the main problem, Pirani shows how fossil fuels are consumed through technological, social and economic systems, and that these systems must change. This is a major contribution to understanding the greatest crisis of our time.

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