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REFLECTIONS ON MONETARISM: Britain’s Vain Search for a Successful Economic Strategy

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ISBN: 9781852784416 9781788970709 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.4337/9781788970709
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-18 16:15:45
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The last 20 years have seen severe macroeconomic instability in Britain, with three extreme and highly damaging boom-bust cycles. Professor Tim Congdon, one of the City’s most well-known commentators, has been an influential critic of successive governments’ failures in economic policy throughout this period. Reflections on Monetarism brings together his most important academic papers and journalism, including his remarkably prescient series of articles in The Times from 1985 to 1988 forecasting that the Lawson credit boom would wreck the Thatcher Government’s reputation for sound financial management. He presents a powerful argument that the root cause of Britain’s economic instability has been the volatile growth of credit and the money supply.

Keynes, the Keynesians and Monetarism

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ISBN: 9781847201393 9781847206923 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.4337/9781847206923
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-26 12:56:21
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Keynes, the Keynesians and Monetarism is a major contribution to the continuing debate on macroeconomic policy-making. Tim Congdon has been a strong supporter of monetarist economic principles for over 30 years. His writings – in the newspapers and for parliamentary committees, as well as in academic journals – played an influential role in the transformation of British macroeconomic policy in the 1980s and 1990s. This book brings together the main papers written by the author since his 1992 collection, Reflections on Monetarism. It challenges several ‘conventional wisdoms’ about UK macroeconomic policy (and thinking about policy), arguing – for example – that the Keynesians’ advocacy of incomes policy and fiscal activism in the immediate post-war decades did not have a clear basis in Keynes’s own writings. The book denies that the UK had a ‘Keynesian revolution’, in the sense of a deliberately pursued fiscal activism to promote ‘full employment’. Implicit throughout the volume is a distinctive view of how the economy works, with an account of the transmission mechanism (from money to the economy) in which movements in asset prices and aggregate demand are strongly influenced by the quantity of money. Congdon uses this approach to demonstrate that monetary policy has had more powerful effects on macroeconomic activity in the post-war period than fiscal policy. He also suggests that the now fashionable ‘New Keynesian’ view of policy-making acknowledges the primacy of monetary policy and would be better termed ‘output gap monetarism’. In short, Keynes, the Keynesians and Monetarism contends that monetarism defeated Keynesianism in the battle of ideas in the 1970s and 1980s. The achievement of greater macroeconomic stability in the last 15 years is largely due to the impact of monetarist thinking on policy-making.The book is clearly and attractively written, and covers topics that are fundamental to macroeconomic thinking and policy-making. It will be a provocative and appealing read for scholars at all levels of economics, macroeconomics and monetary theory. It will also find an audience among policymakers in central banks and finance ministries, business economists working in companies, and financial economists in the City of London and other centres.

Unit Roots and Structural Breaks

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ISBN: 9783038428114 9783038428121 Year: Pages: VI, 162 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-13 15:24:38
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This book deals with problems related to unit roots and structural change, and the interplay between the two. The research agenda dealing with these topics have proved to be of importance to devise procedures that are reliable for inference and forecasting. Several important contributions have been made. Still, there is scope for improvements to and analyses of the existing procedures. This book provides contributions that follow up on what has been done and/or offer new perspectives on such issues and related ones.

The Political Economy of Populism

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Book Series: Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy ISBN: 9780367368029 Year: Pages: 108 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:59:09
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"The Political Economy of Populism explores the interplay between identity, the economy and inequality to explain the dynamics of populist votes since the beginning of the 20th century. The book discusses the political and economic implications of populist governance using data on populist incumbencies and linking it to historical data on the macro economy and democracy. Chapters draw from the most recent political science, economics and other social science literature, as well as historical data, to explain the long-term causes and consequences of populism. Populism emerges and gains traction when political entrepreneurs exploit underlying identity conflicts for political gains. As the distributional consequences of both economic distress and economic growth typically favor the elite over the poor and the lower middle class, economic shocks usually sharpen the underlying identity conflicts between the groups. The book provides evidence of significant differences in the ways fiscal and monetary policies are conducted by incumbent populists in Latin America, Europe and the OECD. The work concludes by suggesting avenues through which a 21st century social consensus can be built, so that our society can avoid repeating the mistakes that led to wars and failed economic experiments in the 20th century. This book marks a significant contribution to the study of populism and is suited to students and scholars across the social sciences, including economics, political science and sociology. "

Advanced Mathematical Methods: Theory and Applications

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ISBN: 9783039282463 9783039282470 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-247-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The many technical and computational problems that appear to be constantly emerging in various branches of physics and engineering beg for a more detailed understanding of the fundamental mathematics that serves as the cornerstone of our way of understanding natural phenomena. The purpose of this Special Issue was to establish a brief collection of carefully selected articles authored by promising young scientists and the world's leading experts in pure and applied mathematics, highlighting the state-of-the-art of the various research lines focusing on the study of analytical and numerical mathematical methods for pure and applied sciences.

Keywords

ultraparabolic equation --- ultradiffusion process --- probabilistic representation --- mathematical finance --- linear elastostatics --- layer potentials --- fredholmian operators --- fractional differential equations --- fractional derivative --- Abel-type integral --- time delay --- distributed lag --- gamma distribution --- macroeconomics --- Keynesian model --- integral transforms --- Laplace integral transform --- transmutation operator --- generating operator --- integral equations --- differential equations --- operational calculus of Mikusinski type --- Mellin integral transform --- fractional derivative --- fractional integral --- Mittag–Leffler function --- Riemann–Liouville derivative --- Caputo derivative --- Grünwald–Letnikov derivative --- space-time fractional diffusion equation --- fractional Laplacian --- subordination principle --- Mittag-Leffler function --- Bessel function --- exterior calculus --- exterior algebra --- electromagnetism --- Maxwell equations --- differential forms --- tensor calculus --- Fourier Theory --- DFT in polar coordinates --- polar coordinates --- multidimensional DFT --- discrete Hankel Transform --- discrete Fourier Transform --- Orthogonality --- multispecies biofilm --- biosorption --- free boundary value problem --- heavy metals toxicity --- method of characteristics --- relativistic diffusion equation --- Caputo fractional derivatives of a function with respect to another function --- Bessel-Riesz motion --- Mittag–Leffler function --- matrix function --- Schur decomposition --- Laplace transform --- fractional calculus --- central limit theorem --- anomalous diffusion --- stable distribution --- fractional calculus --- power law --- n/a

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