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GIS in Sustainable Urban Planning and Management

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ISBN: 9781138505551 9781315146638 Year: Pages: 364 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:43:23
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GIS is used today to better understand and solve urban problems. This book explores and illustrates the use of geo-information in the planning and management of urban regions. The first part of the book addresses the concept of sustainable urban development, its different frameworks, the many ways of measuring sustainability, and its value in the urban policy arena. The second part discusses how urban planning can shape our cities, examines various spatial configurations of cities, the spread of activities, and the demands placed on different functions to achieve strategic objective. It further focuses on the recognition that urban dwellers are increasingly under threat from natural hazards and climate change.

Semantic technologies for distributed information systems

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ISBN: 9783866441002 Year: Pages: XIV, 226 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000005707 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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In this book we show how semantic technologies and in particular the use of ontologies can be employed to address a number of typical challenges in distributed information systems: First, we illustrate how ontologies enable the integration of information across heterogeneous nodes. Second, we show how ontology evolution allows dealing with the dynamics in the information in a consistent manner. Third, we present a model for ontologybased coordination using semantic overlay networks.

Rethinking Productivity in Software Engineering

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ISBN: 9781484242216 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4842-4221-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:04
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Get the most out of this foundational reference and improve the productivity of your software teams. This open access book collects the wisdom of the 2017 "Dagstuhl" seminar on productivity in software engineering, a meeting of community leaders, who came together with the goal of rethinking traditional definitions and measures of productivity. The results of their work, Rethinking Productivity in Software Engineering, includes chapters covering definitions and core concepts related to productivity, guidelines for measuring productivity in specific contexts, best practices and pitfalls, and theories and open questions on productivity. You'll benefit from the many short chapters, each offering a focused discussion on one aspect of productivity in software engineering. Readers in many fields and industries will benefit from their collected work. Developers wanting to improve their personal productivity, will learn effective strategies for overcoming common issues that interfere with progress. Organizations thinking about building internal programs for measuring productivity of programmers and teams will learn best practices from industry and researchers in measuring productivity. And researchers can leverage the conceptual frameworks and rich body of literature in the book to effectively pursue new research directions. What You'll Learn Review the definitions and dimensions of software productivity See how time management is having the opposite of the intended effect Develop valuable dashboards Understand the impact of sensors on productivity Avoid software development waste Work with human-centered methods to measure productivity Look at the intersection of neuroscience and productivity Manage interruptions and context-switching Who Book Is For Industry developers and those responsible for seminar-style courses that include a segment on software developer productivity. Chapters are written for a generalist audience, without excessive use of technical terminology. ; Collects the wisdom of software engineering thought leaders in a form digestible for any developer Shares hard-won best practices and pitfalls to avoid An up to date look at current practices in software engineering productivity

Die Canabae von Carnuntum – eine Modellstudie der Erforschung römischer Lagervorstädte

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783700171287 Year: Pages: 291 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_441664 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 8
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:32
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Due to decades of systematic work in aerial archaeology a preliminary master plan of the ancient remains of Roman Carnuntum, that remain hidden beneath the ground, could be made. This plan shows archaeological structures that extend over several square kilometers of the densely built-up area, which include the canabae and features related to the water supply. When viewed together with the published research of older excavations, a reassessment of the previous state of research was carried out and a model of the canabae was developed.

XoveTIC 2019: The 2nd XoveTIC Conference (XoveTIC 2019) A Coruña, Spain, 5–6 September 2019

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783039214433 / 9783039214440 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-444-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This issue of Proceedings gathers papers presented at XOVETIC2019 (A Coruña, Spain, 5-6 September 2019), a conference with the main goal of bringing together young researchers working in big data, artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, HPC(High-performance computing), cybersecurity, bioinformatics, natural language processing, 5G and others areas from the field of ICT (Information Communications Technology), and offering a platform to present the results of their research to a national audience in Galicia and north of Portugal. This second edition aims to serve as the basis of this event, which will be consolidated over time and acquire international projection. The conference is co-funded by Xunta de Galicia and European Union. European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).

Open Access and the Library

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038977407 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-741-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Libraries are places of learning and knowledge creation. Over the last two decades, digital technology—and the changes that came with it—have accelerated this transformation to a point where evolution starts to become a revolution.The wider Open Science movement, and Open Access in particular, is one of these changes and is already having a profound impact. Under the subscription model, the role of libraries was to buy or license content on behalf of their users and then act as gatekeepers to regulate access on behalf of rights holders. In a world where all research is open, the role of the library is shifting from licensing and disseminating to facilitating and supporting the publishing process itself.This requires a fundamental shift in terms of structures, tasks, and skills. It also changes the idea of a library’s collection. Under the subscription model, contemporary collections largely equal content bought from publishers. Under an open model, the collection is more likely to be the content created by the users of the library (researchers, staff, students, etc.), content that is now curated by the library.Instead of selecting external content, libraries have to understand the content created by their own users and help them to make it publicly available—be it through a local repository, payment of article processing charges, or through advice and guidance. Arguably, this is an overly simplified model that leaves aside special collections and other areas. Even so, it highlights the changes that research libraries are undergoing, changes that are likely to accelerate as a result of initiatives such as Plan S.This Special Issue investigates some of the changes in today’s library services that relate to open access.

Landscape Urbanism and Green Infrastructure

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ISBN: 9783039213696 / 9783039213702 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-370-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This volume examines the applicability of landscape urbanism theory in contemporary landscape architecture practice by bringing together ecology and architecture in the built environment. Using participatory planning of green infrastructure and application of nature-based solutions to address urban challenges, landscape urbanism seeks to reintroduce critical connections between natural and urban systems. In light of ongoing developments in landscape architecture, the goal is a paradigm shift towards a landscape that restores and rehabilitates urban ecosystems. Nine contributions examine a wide range of successful cases of designing livable and resilient cities in different geographical contexts, from the United States of America to Australia and Japan, and through several European cities in Italy, Portugal, Estonia, and Greece. While some chapters attempt to conceptualize the interconnections between cities and nature, others clearly have an empirical focus. Efforts such as the use of ornamental helophyte plants in bioretention ponds to reduce and treat stormwater runoff, the recovery of a poorly constructed urban waterway or participatory approaches for optimizing the location of green stormwater infrastructure and examining the environmental justice issue of equative availability and accessibility to public open spaces make these innovations explicit. Thus, this volume contributes to the sustainable cities goal of the United Nations.

Keywords

pedestrian zones --- well-being --- viable city --- residents’ views --- green infrastructure --- Greece --- biophilic urbanism --- vacant land --- street verges --- spontaneous vegetation --- postal questionnaire --- Asia --- Japan --- recreation --- urban sustainability --- landscape urbanism --- green gentrification --- Soviet-era housing blocks --- deprived areas --- Roma minority --- built environment --- urban design --- regenerative design --- sustainable development --- river restoration --- biophilic urbanism --- green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) --- social equity --- site suitability modeling --- geographic information systems --- environmental justice --- urban planning --- Philadelphia --- urban design --- landscape first --- post-postmodernism --- landscape history --- urban ecology --- plant ecology --- context-sensitive design --- landscape theory --- urban geography --- nature-based solution --- floating treatment wetland --- pollutant removal --- runoff --- biophilic design --- green infrastructure --- Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) --- public open space --- re-naturing cities --- urban nature --- visitor satisfaction survey --- resource rationalization --- biophilic design --- public amenity --- public green infrastructure (PGI) --- public open space --- renaturing cities --- sustainable development --- livability --- liveability --- urban nature (UN) --- well-being --- built environment --- nature-based solutions --- sustainable cities --- biophilic design --- urban planning --- landscape architecture --- environmental justice --- public perception --- well-being

Research and Development Progress in 3D Cadastral Systems

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039210565 / 9783039210572 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-057-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The increasing complexity of infrastructures and densely built-up areas requires a proper registration of the legal status (private and public), which can only be provided to a limited extent by the existing 2D cadastral registrations. The registration of the legal status in complex 3D situations is investigated under the header of 3D Cadastres. This publication, containing 13 selected contributions on 3D Cadastre, addresses the following areas:

Keywords

country profile --- LADM --- 3D cadastre --- GeoInfoStrategy --- 3D cadastral registration --- architectural models (BIM) --- 3D deed --- 3D land administration --- 3D cadastres --- survey plans --- LandXML --- InfraGML --- multi-level topology --- geographic information systems --- rights --- restrictions --- responsibilities --- spatial data infrastructure --- real property --- PLR --- RRR --- 3D Cadastre --- legal framework --- marine administration system (MAS) --- marine cadastre (MC) --- marine information data model --- land administration domain model (LADM) --- ISO 19152 --- S-121 maritime limits and boundaries (MLB) --- marine rights --- restrictions and responsibilities (RRRs) --- building information modelling --- stratified legal interests --- legal view --- physical view --- multistorey buildings --- 3D cadastre --- 3D real property --- land administration --- legal --- institutional --- technical --- topographic signs --- LADM --- Serbian country profile --- 3D cadastre --- 3D cadastre --- land administration --- legal and physical space --- INTERLIS modelling language --- constraints --- code lists --- spatial data modelling --- Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) --- ISO 1952 --- Model Driven Architecture (MDA) --- BIM --- IDM --- workflow --- MVD --- Environs Act --- land registry map --- superficies --- complex multi-use rights --- 3D cadastral survey system --- 3D cadastre --- 3D parcel --- rights restrictions responsibilities --- spatial object --- spatial unit --- private rights --- common rights --- indoor --- navigation --- party --- 3D cadastre --- land management --- spatial data and functionalities --- 3D volumetric parcel --- n/a

Marine Oil Spills 2018

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ISBN: 9783038978541 9783038978558 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-855-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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The mitigation of oil spills is an important facet of environmental protection. Understanding oil spills is a first step toward preventing and minimizing their damage to the environment. This compilation presents several of the current studies related to such an understanding of oil spills and the environment.This book is a compilation of 14 papers presenting new developments in the field of oil spills, giving insight into the rapidly changing world of oil spill studies and technology. The 14 papers included cover topics varying from risk analysis to oil spill remote sensing. Broadly categorized, included are six papers on modeling, four papers on remote sensing, three papers on risk assessment, and one paper on oil spill countermeasures. Each paper presents a unique insight into a facet of oil spill research and technology. The authors of these papers represent many different countries and affiliations around the world.

Keywords

RANS --- non-breaking ocean waves --- random walk method --- Lagrangian particle dispersion --- oil spill model --- oil spill --- impact modeling --- simulation --- contingency planning --- oil spill model --- ocean trajectory --- GNOME --- BLOSOM --- Salish Sea --- Point Wells --- Foss Barge --- hindcast --- windage --- model comparison --- oil spill model --- FVCOM --- OSCAR --- M/V Marathassa oil spill --- the English Bay --- Vancouver Harbour --- oil spill response --- sea-coastal zones --- methods of vulnerability mapping to oil --- the problems of vulnerability maps development --- ordinal values --- arithmetic operations with rank values --- marine pollution --- oil spill pollution --- oil spill accidents --- oil spill mitigation plans --- coastal protection --- statistical analysis --- PROMETHEE methodology --- Access Western Blend (condensate/bitumen-dilbit) --- Western Canadian Select (condensate mixed with synthetic crude/bitumen-dilsynbit) --- Synthetic Bitumen (synthetic crude/bitumen-Synbit) --- Heidrun --- dispersant --- wave tank --- dispersion effectiveness (DE) --- oil-slick discrimination algorithm --- petrogenic oil-slick category --- naturally-occurring oil seeps --- man-made oil spills --- exploratory data analysis --- remote sensing --- synthetic aperture radar --- RADARSAT --- Gulf of Mexico --- Campeche Bay --- oil spill --- Italian seas --- numerical forecasting tool --- emergency management --- oil spill --- remote sensing --- reflection coefficient --- electromagnetic roughness --- multi-frequency detector --- multiple observations --- probability density function --- probability of detection --- contingency planning --- marine information systems --- environmental monitoring --- proactive systems --- decision support systems --- signal integration --- oil spills --- oil slicks characterization --- oil thickness --- polarized SAR data --- polarimetric SAR data (PolSAR) --- statistical region-based classification --- uncertainty maps --- UAVSAR --- trajectory model --- oil spill model --- oil spill response --- oil spill risk analysis --- Gulf of Mexico --- Outer Continental Shelf --- environmental resources --- risk modelling --- Princeton Ocean Model --- trajectory analysis --- oil spill --- numerical simulation --- LES --- low atmosphere --- coastal flow --- contingency plan --- Kotor bay --- n/a

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