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Human Rights and Democracy - The Precarious Triumph of Ideals

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ISBN: 9781849663458 9781849663465 9781849663472 9781849664868 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:54
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Combines an overview of the key theoretical models of democracy and human rights with a state-of-the-art survey which reports on trade-offs between achievements, set-backs and challenges in some of the world's 'hotspots'. The 20th century has been described as the bloodiest in human history, but it was also the century in which people around the world embraced ideas of democracy and human rights as never before, constructing social, political and legal institutions seeking to contain human behaviour. Todd Landman offers an optimistic, yet cautionary tale of these developments, drawing on the literature, from politics, international relations and international law. He celebrates the global turn from tyranny and violence towards democracy and rights but also warns of the precariousness of these achievements in the face of democratic setbacks and the undermining of rights commitments by many countries during the so-called ‘War on Terror'. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- human rights

Die Schweiz im KSZE-Prozeß 1972-1983. Einfluß durch Neutralität

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486767315 Year: Volume: 99 Pages: 353 DOI: 10.1524/9783486767315 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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Switzerland was not content to stay on the sidelines of the CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe) negotiations. Particularly in the area of human rights policies and by applying its talent for successful mediation between East and West, Switzerland achieved great recognition, as Philip Rosin`s thoroughly researched and methodologically persuasive study clearly reveals.

Keywords

Switzerland --- CSCE --- human rights

Österreich im KSZE-Prozess 1969-1983. Neutraler Vermittler in humanitärer Mission

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486719307 Year: Volume: 98 Pages: 476 DOI: 10.1524/9783486719307 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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Austria was active in the CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe) negotiations, primarily in the contentious areas of humanitarian issues and human rights. Despite consistent claims of neutrality, Vienna supported the Western position on all important questions. Benjamin Gilde's broadly researched study offers major insight into the history of the humanitarian aspect of the CSCE.

Keywords

CSCE --- Austria --- human rights

Human Rights in Business

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138284180 9781315269467 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: European Commission
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:22
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The capacity to abuse, or in general affect the enjoyment of human, labour and environmental rights has risen with the increased social and economic power&#xD;that multinational companies wield in the global economy. At the same time,&#xD;it appears that it is difficult to regulate the activities of multinational companies&#xD;in such a way that they conform to international human, labour and environmental&#xD;rights standards. This has partially to do with the organization of companies&#xD;into groups of separate legal persons, incorporated in different states, as&#xD;well as with the complexity of the corporate supply chain. Absent a business&#xD;and human rights treaty, a more coherent legal and policy approach is required.&#xD;Faced with the challenge of how to effectively access the right to remedy in&#xD;the European Union for human rights abuses committed by EU companies in&#xD;non-EU states, a diverse research consortium of academic and legal institutions&#xD;was formed. The consortium, coordinated by the Globernance Institute for&#xD;Democratic Governance, became the recipient of a 2013 Civil Justice Action&#xD;Grant from the European Commission Directorate General for Justice. A mandate&#xD;was thus issued for research, training and dissemination so as to bring&#xD;visibility to the challenge posed and moreover, to provide some solutions for&#xD;the removal of barriers to judicial and non-judicial remedy for victims of business related&#xD;human rights abuses in non-EU states. The project commenced in&#xD;September 2014 and over the course of two years the consortium conducted&#xD;research along four specific lines in parallel with various training sessions across&#xD;EU Member States.&#xD;The research conducted focused primarily on judicial remedies, both jurisdictional&#xD;barriers and applicable law barriers; non-judicial remedies, both to company based grievance. The results of this research endeavour make up the content of&#xD;this report whose aim is to provide a scholarly foundation for policy proposals&#xD;by identifying specific challenges relevant to access to justice in the European&#xD;Union and to provide recommendations on how to remove legal and practical&#xD;barriers so as to provide access to remedy for victims of business-related human&#xD;rights abuses in non-EU states.

KSZE-Prozess und Perestroika in der Sowjetunion. Demokratisierung, Werteumbruch und Auflösung 1985-1991

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486757873 Year: Volume: 100 Pages: 404 DOI: 10.1524/9783486757873 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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The Soviet leadership was certain of its success after the signing of the Final Act of the CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe), and especially pleased with the agreements on trust-building measures. Yulia von Saal`s study convincingly shows how the Kremlin underestimated the explosive power of the Final Act in terms of civil and human rights, which launched it on a path of constantly mounting pressure for democratization.

Making Religion and Human Rights at the United Nations

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Book Series: Religion and Society ISSN: 1437-5370 ISBN: 9783110478068 Year: Volume: 67 Pages: 323 DOI: 10.1515/9783110478068 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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This volume examines the different and sometimes contradictory approaches of four UN human rights committees to the concept of religion. Drawing on critical perspectives from religious studies, the book combines a genealogical assessment of the role of religion in international law with a detailed textual study of the reporting practice of the committees monitoring racial discrimination, civil and political rights, women's rights, and children's rights. Årsheim argues that the role of religion within the rights traditions monitored by the committees varies to the extent that their recommendations risk contradicting one another, thereby undermining their credibility and potential to bring about real change on the ground: Where some committees view religion singularly as a core individual right, others see religion partly as an inherent threat to the realization of other rights, but also as a potent social force to be reckoned with. In order to remedy this situation, Årsheim proposes the publication of a joint general comment by all the committees, spelling out their approach to the role of religion in the implementation of human rights.

Becoming a Movement: Identity, Narrative and Memory in the European Global Justice Movement

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Book Series: Radical Subjects in International Politics: Action and Activism ISBN: 9781786603791 Year: Pages: 164 Language: English
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield International Grant: DFG funded Cluster of Excellence “Normative Orders” at Goethe University Frankfurt am Main
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-04 12:51:11
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Social movement scholars have become increasingly interested in the role of stories in contentious politics. Stories may facilitate the mobilization of activists and strengthen the resonance of their claims within public discourse and institutional politics. This book explores the role of narratives in building collective identity – a vital element in activists’ continued commitment. While often claimed important, the connection between narratives and movement identity remains understudied. Drawing on a rich pool of original data, the book’s analysis focusses on the Global Justice Movement (GJM), a movement known for its diversity of political perspectives. Based on a comparison of different national constellations of the GJM in Europe, the book demonstrates the centrality of activists’ narratives in forming and maintaining movement identity and in making the GJM more enduring.

Constitutionalism and democratic transitions

Authors: ---
ISBN: 8884534003 8884534011 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_356359 Language: English
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The book - as the outcome of a research performed by the University of Florence and the United States Institute of Peace of Washington - explores the role of law in the process of democratic transition in South Africa. More specifically it emphasize how constitutional law may contribute to "civilize" apparently unreconcilable conflicts, a part from laying down the foundations of the new legal order and institutions.

Technicians of Human Dignity

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ISBN: 9780823274888 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605861 Language: English
Publisher: Fordham University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-09 11:01:15
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Technicians of Human Dignity traces the extraordinary rise of human dignity as a defining concern of religious, political, and bioethical institutions over the last half century and offers original insight into how human dignity has become threatened by its own success. The global expansion of dignitarian politics has left dignity without a stable set of meanings or referents, unsettling contemporary economies of life and power. Engaging anthropology, theology, and bioethics, Bennett grapples with contemporary efforts to mobilize human dignity as a counter-response to the biopolitics of the human body, and the breakdowns this has generated. To do this, he investigates how actors in pivotal institutions —the Vatican, the United Nations, U.S. Federal Bioethics—reconceived human dignity as the bearer of intrinsic worth, only to become frustrated by the Sisyphean struggle of turning its conceptions into practice. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Manual on the Human Rights to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation for Practitioners

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781780407449 9781780407432 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: 10.2166/9781780407449 Language: English
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-05 11:01:52
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"The Manual highlights the human rights principles and criteria in relation to drinking water and sanitation. It explains the international legal obligations in terms of operational policies and practice that will support the progressive realisation of universal access. The Manual introduces a human rights perspective that will add value to informed decision making in the daily routine of operators, managers and regulators. It also encourages its readership to engage actively in national dialogues where the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation are translated into national and local policies, laws and regulations. Creating such an enabling environment is, in fact, only the first step in the process towards progressive realisation. Allocation of roles and responsibilities is the next step, in an updated institutional and operational set up that helps apply a human rights lens to the process of reviewing and revising the essential functions of operators, service providers and regulators."

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