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Galen's Treatise Περὶ Ἀλυπίας (De indolentia) in Context

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Book Series: Studies in Ancient Medicine ISBN: 9789004383302 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.1163/9789004383302 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 04:58:53
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This volume offers a multi-disciplinary approach to the “new” Galen text De indolentia, discovered in 2005. It addresses Galen’s literary production, his medical and philosophical contribution, the Antonine plague, the reign of Commodus, and finally the reception of the text. Readership: All interested in Galen, ancient Greek philosophy, Roman history, the history of medicine, and the history of literature.

The making of British bioethics

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ISBN: 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 303 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_502670 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 081493
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-16 11:01:07
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Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.

Medizinische Gutachten des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts. Sprachhistorische Untersuchungen zu einer Textsortenklasse

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Book Series: Lingua Academica ISBN: 9783110555080 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 286 DOI: 10.1515/9783110555080 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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Medical reports were a major element of medical communication as early as the 17th and 18th centuries. What characterizes such texts? Using a broad-based analytic model from the field of text linguistics, the author investigates specific classes of texts – consultations, court reports, and autopsy reports – in terms of their cultural and scientific history while also identifying their particular linguistic hallmarks.

Barren Women. Religion and Medicine in the Medieval Middle East

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Book Series: Islam – Thought, Culture, and Society ISSN: 2628-4286 ISBN: 9783110596588 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 324 DOI: 10.1515/9783110596588 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion --- History --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:43:54
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This book explores the ramifications of being infertile in the medieval Arab-Islamic world by examining legal texts, medical treatises, and works of religious preaching. Sara Verskin illuminates how attitudes toward mixed-gender interactions legal theories pertaining to marriage, divorce, and inheritance and scientific theories of reproduction contoured the intellectual and social landscape infertile women had to navigate.

The Vitamin A Story

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ISBN: 9783318021882 9783318021899 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Karger Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103006
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-26 11:24:34
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This book shows how vitamin A deficiency – before the vitamin was known to scientists – affected millions of people throughout history. It is a story of sailors and soldiers, penniless mothers, orphaned infants, and young children left susceptible to blindness and fatal infections. We also glimpse the fortunate ones who, with ample vitamin A-rich food, escaped this elusive stalker. Why were people going blind and dying? To unravel this puzzle, scientists around the world competed over the course of a century. Their persistent efforts led to the identification of vitamin A and its essential role in health. As a primary focus of today’s international public health efforts, vitamin A has saved hundreds of thousands of lives. But, we discover, they could save many more were it not for obstacles erected by political and ideological zealots who lack a historical perspective of the problem.

Progress and pathology

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781526147547 Year: Pages: 392 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:14
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This collaborative volume explores changing perceptions of health and disease in the context of the burgeoning global modernities of the long nineteenth century. During this period, popular and medical understandings of the mind and body were challenged, modified, and reframed by the politics and structures of ‘modern life’, understood in industrial, social, commercial, and technological terms. Bringing together work by leading international scholars, this volume demonstrates how a multiplicity of medical practices were organised around new and evolving definitions of the modern self. The study offers varying and culturally specific definitions of what constituted medical modernity for practitioners around the world in this period. Chapters examine the ways in which cancer, suicide, and social degeneration were seen as products of the stresses and strains of ‘new’ ways of living in the nineteenth century, and explore the legal, institutional, and intellectual changes that contributed to both positive and negative understandings of modern medical practice. The volume traces the ways in which physiological and psychological problems were being constituted in relation to each other, and to their social contexts, and offers new ways of contextualising the problems of modernity facing us in the twenty-first century.

Das Weib als Versuchsperson

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Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783839408360 9783899428360 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.14361/9783839408360 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:30
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Mit dem practical turn in der Wissenschaftsforschung avancierte das Experiment zu einem vielbeachteten Gegenstand historischer und wissenssoziologischer Untersuchungen. Eines wurde bislang jedoch weitestgehend ausgeblendet: der medizinische Menschenversuch. Dieses Buch widmet sich der Experimentalisierung des Menschen, indem es anhand der Syphilisforschung nachzeichnet, wie der Frauenkörper zu dem »Ding« (Hans Jonas) des Experiments wurde: Welche politischen Leitideen, welche gesellschaftlichen Projekte, welche literarischen Phantasien manifestierten sich in den Menschenlaboratorien des 19. Jahrhunderts?

Colonial Caring

Authors: ---
Book Series: Nursing History and Humanities ISBN: 9780719099700 9781526129369 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100903
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-21 11:02:20
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From the height of colonialism in the mid-nineteenth century, through to the aftermath of the Second World War, nurses have been at the heart of colonial projects. They were ideally placed to insinuate the ‘improving’ culture of their employers into the local communities they served, and travelled in droves to far-flung parts of the globe to serve their country. Issues of gender, class and race permeate this book, as the complex relationships between nurses, their medical colleagues, governments and the populations they nursed are examined in detail, using case studies which draw on exciting new sources. Many of the chapters are based on first-hand accounts of nurses and reveal that not all were motivated by patriotic vigour or altruism, but went out in search of adventure. The book will be an essential read for colonial historians, as well as historians of gender and ethnicity.

Die Regierung der Gesundheit

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837636956 9783839436950 Year: Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103362
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Michel Foucault suchte bereits 1983 nach den Rationalitäten, die unseren gesundheitlichen Wahlentscheidungen zu Grunde liegen. Diese Frage stellt sich heute noch dringender, bedenkt man den neoliberalen Wandel von Gesundheitsdiskursen in den letzten Jahrzehnten. Diese Diskurse finden ihre Vorfahren in der religiösen und bürgerlichen Selbstpraxis sowie in der ärztlichen Praxis der Beratung und Überzeugung. Irene Poczka betrachtet diese als Regierungsweisen, die schließlich auch die politischen Techniken beeinflussten, mit denen die Gesundheit der Bevölkerungen reguliert werden sollte. Sie stellt fest: Im Europa des 19. Jahrhunderts lassen sich überall diskursive Fragmente einer Genealogie liberalen Regierens von Gesundheit ausmachen.

Umstrittene Körperteile

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Book Series: Histoire ISBN: 9783839432327 9783837632323 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.14361/9783839432327 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 11:01:22
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How did the Swiss organ donation crisis come about? Despite reforms and advertising campaigns, from the late '80s, Swiss transplant medicine began to lament an increasing mistrust in organ donation and falling donor numbers. Simon Hofmann throws light on the role of doctors, nurses, family members and donees, but also of the media, politicians and the pharmaceutical industry. In doing so, he draws out the relations between hospital practices, public debates, and fictitious narratives about organ smuggling. He tells a complex and contradictory story of modern biomedicine at the edge of life and death, which is shaped as much by economic calculations as by utopian hope and traumatic fears.

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