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The Nivison Annals. Selected Works of David S. Nivison on Early Chinese Chronology, Astronomy, and Historiography

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Book Series: Library of Sinology ISSN: 2625-0616 ISBN: 9781501505393 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 330 DOI: 10.1515/9781501505393 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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This book features previously unpublished innovative essays on early Chinese chronology, astronomy, and historiography by the late David S. Nivison (1923-2014). Nivison was instrumental in developing early China Studies in the United States and is well-known for revising the date of the Zhou conquest of Shang and for his theory that Western Zhou kings employed two calendars.

Finding, Inheriting or Borrowing?

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Book Series: Mainzer Historische Kulturwissenschaften ISBN: 9783839442364 9783837642360 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.14361/9783839442364 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-28 11:21:02
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Since the dawn of humanity, people have developed concepts about themselves and the natural world in which they live. This volume aims at investigating the construction and transfer of such concepts between and within various ancient and medieval cultures. The single contributions try to answer questions concerning the sources of knowledge, the strategies of transfer and legitimation as well as the conceptual changes over time and space. After a comprehensive introduction, the volume is divided into three parts: The contributions of the first section treat various theoretical and methodological aspects. Two additional thematic sections deal with a special field of knowledge, i.e. concepts of the moon and of the end of the world in fire.

Remédios vários e receitas aprovadas. Segredos vários

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Book Series: DIAITA: Scripta & Realia ISSN: 21836530 ISBN: 9789892612812 Year: Pages: 686 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1282-9 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-12 17:47:50
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This book presents the semidiplomatic and interpretive issues of the most extensive work which houses the codex 142 of the Arquivo Distrital de Braga, corresponding to its second part, which starts calling itself Remedios varios, e Receitas Approvadas, but also includes, for the end, a copy of the well known and ancient calendaries, or fastos, distributing for each month of the year the recommendations about what to do for the maintenance of the good health, on the one hand, and about the agriculture of each month, of the other, and yet a long line of Several Secrets, with domestic revenues and advice, culinary, agricultural, veterinary, botanical, technic, and even magic and religious (healing prayers, etc.). Conceived as a treaty, it shows the collection of numerous natural remedies, from antiquity to the seventeenth century, mostly dependent on herbs, medicinal plants and trees, available to any person, and even more exotic products such as spices, or swallow nests, that the Discoveries put within reach of Europe by the Portuguese, originating both in Asia and in Africa or in Brazil. Organized by disease or also either by body parts, medicinal herbs and other ingredients, the manuscript highlights a prevalently preventive medicine and is not limited reductively to therapeutic medicine. In all the codex, and in many of the remedies, diet is key, and this is not a restrictive diet for patients, but of very specific and abundant dietary recommendations to maintain health in a much more timely and holistic perspective. The reader may find constant and rich cross-references between this part II of Codex 142 of remedies, the first part, of cooking recipes, already edited, and the third, about agriculture, with valuable and unique recipes and recommendations from de fields of agriculture, pecuary, veterinary and ecological animal husbandry. Despite the specificity of each part, the information, thorough and from a knowledgeable hand, reveals itself through the three notebooks repeated under different facets, complementary, forming an essential triptych to life: nourishment, health, agricultural and veterinary activity in perfect balance with nature and man.

Cosmic Plasmas and Electromagnetic Phenomena

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ISBN: 9783039214655 / 9783039214662 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-466-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General) --- Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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During the past few decades, plasma science has witnessed a great growth in laboratory studies, in simulations, and in space. Plasma is the most common phase of ordinary matter in the universe. It is a state in which ionized matter (even as low as 1%) becomes highly electrically conductive. As such, long-range electric and magnetic fields dominate its behavior. Cosmic plasmas are mostly associated with stars, supernovae, pulsars and neutron stars, quasars and active galaxies at the vicinities of black holes (i.e., their jets and accretion disks). Cosmic plasma phenomena can be studied with different methods, such as laboratory experiments, astrophysical observations, and theoretical/computational approaches (i.e., MHD, particle-in-cell simulations, etc.). They exhibit a multitude of complex magnetohydrodynamic behaviors, acceleration, radiation, turbulence, and various instability phenomena. This Special Issue addresses the growing need of the plasma science principles in astrophysics and presents our current understanding of the physics of astrophysical plasmas, their electromagnetic behaviors and properties (e.g., shocks, waves, turbulence, instabilities, collimation, acceleration and radiation), both microscopically and macroscopically. This Special Issue provides a series of state-of-the-art reviews from international experts in the field of cosmic plasmas and electromagnetic phenomena using theoretical approaches, astrophysical observations, laboratory experiments, and state-of-the-art simulation studies.

Cosmological Inflation, Dark Matter and Dark Energy

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ISBN: 9783039217649 / 9783039217656 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-765-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Various cosmological observations support not only cosmological inflation in the early universe, which is also known as exponential cosmic expansion, but also that the expansion of the late-time universe is accelerating. To explain this phenomenon, the existence of dark energy is proposed. In addition, according to the rotation curve of galaxies, the existence of dark matter, which does not shine, is also suggested. If primordial gravitational waves are detected in the future, the mechanism for realizing inflation can be revealed. Moreover, there exist two main candidates for dark matter. The first is a new particle, the existence of which is predicted in particle physics. The second is an astrophysical object which is not found by electromagnetic waves. Furthermore, there are two representative approaches to account for the accelerated expansion of the current universe. One is to assume the unknown dark energy in general relativity. The other is to extend the gravity theory to large scales. Investigation of the origins of inflation, dark matter, and dark energy is one of the most fundamental problems in modern physics and cosmology. The purpose of this book is to explore the physics and cosmology of inflation, dark matter, and dark energy.

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