Search results: Found 38

Listing 1 - 10 of 38 << page
of 4
>>
Sort by
Aino Kallas

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Litteraria ISBN: 9789522227874 9789522227508 9789522222602 Year: Pages: 259 DOI: 10.21435/sflit.4 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation grant and SKS
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- History --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:01:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"The collection, first one ever on Aino Kallas in English, highlights her significance to the artistic and intellectual horizons of modernity of Finland and Estonia as well as those of Scandinavia and Europe. In the 1920s and 30s, Aino Kallas became an internationally renowned author and a selection of her work was translated into English. For her, participating in the immediate cultural debates in Estonia and Finland was a priority, yet her whole oeuvre is a negotiation between her more immediate contexts and the leading conceptual frameworks of aesthetics, geniality, knowledge, subjectivity, race, sexuality, nature, etc., circling in Europe at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. Containing articles focusing on the question of female voice and echoes of feminist ecological thought in her fiction, a contrapuntal reading of her fiction and that of Isak Dinesen, her unknown manuscript “Bathseba”, the implications of existentialist thought for her work, Kallas’ engagement in her cultural criticism and life writings with decadent modernism, issues of race and heredity, subjectivity and borders, travel, ageing, her interpretation of Goethe, and the iconography of Kallas, the collection features the work of today’s leading Aino Kallas scholars in Finland and in Estonia. "

Keywords

modernization --- diaries --- ageing --- mourning --- poetry --- biography

The Generational Welfare Contract: Justice, Institutions and Outcomes

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781783471027 9781783471034 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.4337/9781783471034 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science --- Social and Public Welfare --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-19 11:27:35
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This groundbreaking book brings together perspectives from political philosophy and comparative social policy to discuss generational justice. Contributing new insights about the preconditions for designing sustainable, inclusive policies for all of society, the authors expose the possibilities of supporting egalitarian principles in an ageing society through balanced generational welfare contracts. Welfare states are largely structured around social risks that appear in distinct phases of human life, including childhood, working age and old age. By empirically analysing the causes and consequences of social policy in a large number of countries, the authors show that balanced generational welfare contracts – in which age-related social protection is more evenly distributed across different stages of life – is to the advantage of all age groups, therefore contributing to social justice and welfare state sustainability. The authors offer a combination of descriptive data analysis and statistical regressions to provide robust evidence that countries can avoid generational trade-offs in policymaking and find positive-sum solutions.

Ageing, Diversity and Equality

Author:
Book Series: Routledge Advances in Sociology ISBN: 9780415786690 9781315226835 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100744
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:14
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Current understandings of ageing and diversity are impoverished in three main ways. Firstly, with regards to thinking about what inequalities operate in later life there has been an excessive preoccupation with economic resources. On the other hand, less attention has been paid to cultural norms and values, other resources, wider social processes, political participation and community engagement. Secondly, in terms of thinking about the ‘who’ of inequality, this has so far been limited to a very narrow range of minority populations. Finally, when considering the ‘how’ of inequality, social gerontology’s theoretical analyses remain under-developed. The overall effect of these issues is that social gerontology remains deeply embedded in normative assumptions which serve to exclude a wide range of older people. This book aims to challenge and provoke the above described normativity and offer an alternative approach which highlights the heterogeneity and diversity of ageing.

Retirement Timing and Social Stratification. A Comparative Study of Labor Market Exit and Age Norms in Western Europe

Author:
ISBN: 9788376560410 9783110399240 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560410 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:28:39
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The monograph disseminates the very topical issue of retirement and its timing as the key to one of the greatest challenges facing ageing societies. Postponing retirement is now almost universally regarded as indispensable in order to relieve European welfare states from the demography-related financial pressures. This seminal study, derived from a statistical analysis of a large-scale survey data, provides a thorough understanding of the micro- and macro-level determinants of retirement timing in contemporary Western Europe. The book is the first monograph to combine the analysis of the retirement attitudes with the analysis of the retirement behaviour within one research. It tackles the question as to whether early retirement can be explained by “early exit culture”, triangulating life course theory with a social stratification approach. The author used a novel and innovative approach to obtain the results. The methodology includes: tobit models of proscriptive age norms; simulations of the impact of class structure on a country’s average retirement age; competing risks models of different work-exit modalities; duration selection models of retirement timing.

Social Services Disrupted: Changes, Challenges and Policy Implications for Europe in Times of Austerity

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: New Horizons in Social Policy series ISBN: 9781786432100 9781786432117 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.4337/9781786432117
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Social Sciences --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 13:40:13
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Public social services are a key component of the welfare state in most of Europe, although their development trajectories, coverage and legal status still vary considerably among countries. How such services are provided, and for whom, impacts significantly on social and territorial cohesion, gender balance and, ultimately, on the development of any society. However, while much is discussed and written about social policy and welfare systems, social services remain somewhat neglected. Although they have gained a stronger foothold in national legislations and social policy agendas, their status remains weaker compared to education or health. Moreover, because of the austerity measures following the 2008 financial crisis, they have been subject to cuts and reorganisation, which have brought about significant disruption. This book revives the discussion on public social services and their redesign, with a focus on services relating to care and the social inclusion of vulnerable groups. Conveying the main findings of the EU-funded COST Action IS1102 Social Services, Welfare States and Places, the book provides rich information on the changes that occurred in the organisation and supply of public social services over the last thirty years in different European places and service fields. Despite the persisting variety in social service models, three shared trends emerge: public sector disengagement, ‘vertical re-scaling’ of authority and ‘horizontal re-mix’ in the supply system. The consequences of such changes are evaluated from different perspectives – governance, social and territorial cohesion, labour market, gender – and are eventually deemed ‘disruptive’ in both economic and social terms. The policy implications of the restructuring are also explored.The book will appeal to a broad audience: researchers and students, policy-makers, civil servants, service providers, social workers and users’ organisations.

Ageing and Technology

Authors: ---
Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783837629576 9783839429570 Year: Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101242
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The booming increase of the senior population has become a social phenomenon and a challenge to our societies, and technological advances have undoubtedly contributed to improve the lives of elderly citizens in numerous aspects. In current debates on technology, however, the »human factor« is often largely ignored. The ageing individual is rather seen as a malfunctioning machine whose deficiencies must be diagnosed or as a set of limitations to be overcome by means of technological devices. This volume aims at focusing on the perspective of human beings deriving from the development and use of technology: this change of perspective – taking the human being and not technology first – may help us to become more sensitive to the ambivalences involved in the interaction between humans and technology, as well as to adapt technologies to the people that created the need for its existence, thus contributing to improve the quality of life of senior citizens.

Mittendrin?

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Beitrage zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft ISBN: 9783847402572 9783847406365 Year: Pages: 273 DOI: 10.3224/84740636 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Older people today find themselves in a more favourable life situation than previous generations: Many of them have a high standard of living, a high level of education and good health. In view of this potential, the question arises as to what plans and ideas older people have today about living in the "third age". What decisions do they make in their transition to retirement with regard to further employment participation, civil society involvement or family support? This volume presents current findings from the interdisciplinary study "Transitions and Old Age Potential (TOP)" by the Federal Institute for Population Research on the life plans, potentials and transitions of 55- to 70-year-olds in Germany. In addition to presenting current scientific results, the volume aims to derive recommendations for action for politicians, companies and civil society organisations - and not least for the elderly themselves.

Design & Usabilità in ambito sanitario

Author:
Book Series: Serie di architettura e design ISBN: 9788835102281 Year: Pages: 183 Language: Italian
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-25 00:09:26
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The progressive ageing of the global population is on the one hand a goal of today's society, and at the same time one of the main socio-economic problems of health and pension systems. The transition from hospitalization to home treatment seems to be a first concrete response. The main reasons that push towards the strengthening of home care are also favoured by new technologies applied to health care that aim to contain public spending, through the implementation of innovative services, including medical devices to use at home. At the same time, the increase in risk conditions caused by the complexity of hospital care requires greater attention and immediate intervention, as represented by a study conducted by two researchers at John Hopkins University, who have shown that medical errors are the third leading cause of mortality in America. This volume is addressed to designers, students of Design courses and all those who address the disciplines of the project. To give them a better understanding of the theoretical-practical course described in the book, this has been divided into two parts. The first part, theory, is dedicated to the description of the current scenario in its multiple aspects - diverging phase -, aimed at defining two design strategies that can be used during the development process of a medical product, both for hospital and home use - converging phase -, as described in the second part, dedicated to practice and experimentation.

Researching Ageing

Author:
Book Series: Routledge Advances in Research Methods ISBN: 9780367507558 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.4324/9781003051169 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-10 23:58:13
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book explores the diversity of methodological approaches to researching ageing, considering which methodological paradigm best captures the phenomenon. Interdisciplinary in scope, it brings together research from scholars from Austria, Canada, France, Hong Kong, Israel, Poland, UK and USA to uncover the conditions under which qualitative and quantitative approaches to research on ageing can best be reconciled and rendered complementary. Presenting international reflection on methods for studying old age from a variety of research backgrounds, Researching Ageing showcases the latest research in the field and will appeal to scholars across the social sciences, including sociology, demography, psychology, economics and geography, with interests in gerontology, ageing and later life.

Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Ageing and Diseases

ISBN: 9783038422518 9783038422525 Year: Pages: XXVI, 516 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 07:37:51
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The past decade has witnessed an explosion of knowledge regarding how mitochondrial dysfunction may translate into ageing and disease phenotypes, as well as how it is modulated by genetic and lifestyle factors. Impairment of the mitochondria may be caused by mutations or deletions in nuclear or mitochondrial DNA. Hallmarks of mitochondrial dysfunction include decreased ATP production, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, swollen mitochondria, damaged cristae, increased oxidative stress, and decreased mitochondrial DNA copy number. In addition to energy production, mitochondria play an important role in regulating apoptosis, buffering calcium release, retrograde signaling to the nuclear genome, producing reactive oxygen species (ROS), participating in steroid synthesis, signaling to the immune system, as well as controlling the cell cycle and cell growth. Dysfunctional mitochondria have been implicated in ageing and in several diseases, many of which are age-related, including mitochondrial diseases, cancers, metabolic diseases and diabetes, inflammatory conditions, neuropathy, and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and Huntington’s disease. Additionally, a possible link between mitochondrial metabolism and the ubiquitin-proteasome and autophagy-lysosome systems is emerging as a novel factor contributing to the progression of several human diseases. This special issue calls for original research, mini and full reviews, and perspectives that address the progress and current standing in the vast field of mitochondrial biology. These include, but are not limited to: ageingneurodegenerative diseasesmitochondrial diseasesmetabolic diseasesprotein homeostasiscell/retrograde signalingoxidative stresspaincancerimmune systemtherapies to counteract mitochondrial dysfunction

Listing 1 - 10 of 38 << page
of 4
>>
Sort by