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KSZE-Prozess und Perestroika in der Sowjetunion. Demokratisierung, Werteumbruch und Auflösung 1985-1991

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486757873 Year: Volume: 100 Pages: 404 DOI: 10.1524/9783486757873 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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The Soviet leadership was certain of its success after the signing of the Final Act of the CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe), and especially pleased with the agreements on trust-building measures. Yulia von Saal`s study convincingly shows how the Kremlin underestimated the explosive power of the Final Act in terms of civil and human rights, which launched it on a path of constantly mounting pressure for democratization.

Deutschland, Russland, Komintern. II. Dokumente (1918–1943). Nach der Archivrevolution: Neuerschlossene Quellen zu der Geschichte der KPD und den deutsch-russischen Beziehungen

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Book Series: Archive des Kommunismus - Pfade des XX. Jahrhunderts ISSN: 2197-6864 ISBN: 9783110339789 9783110395549 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 1840 DOI: 10.1515/9783110339789 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-29 13:26:59
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Since its creation in 1998, the “German-Russian Historical Commission” has conducted research on the Communist International. Thanks to the archival revolution, the Commission has succeeded in closing important gaps in earlier research on German–Russian relations and the history of German communism. This volume contains over 500 documents, and will become a standard work long consulted by future researchers.

Deutschland, Russland, Komintern. I. Überblicke, Analysen, Diskussionen. Neue Perspektiven auf die Geschichte der KPD und die deutsch-russischen Beziehungen (1918–1943)

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Book Series: Archive des Kommunismus - Pfade des XX. Jahrhunderts ISSN: 2197-6864 ISBN: 9783110301342 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: viii, 477 DOI: 10.1515/9783110301342 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-26 15:28:23
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Thanks to the archival revolution, relations between the Comintern, the Soviet government and the KPD (German Communist Party) now appear in a new light. Careful analyses contextualize this history against the backdrop of the simultaneously published volume of sources. This project undertaken by the German-Russian Historical Commission contributes significantly to a transnational understanding of German communism and German-Soviet relations.

Sfumature di rosso : La Rivoluzione russa nella politica italiana del Novecento

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ISBN: 9788899982324 DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.2270 Language: Italian
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
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Nel corso del XX secolo l’Italia è stato uno dei paesi dell’Occidente in cui il confronto politico e la dialettica fra le classi sociali ha assunto la più marcata connotazione ideologica. Questo alto livello di ideologizzazione ha fatto sì che nelle culture politiche italiane si stratificassero molteplici concezioni e rappresentazioni della rivoluzione, all’interno delle quali occupano un ruolo centrale quelle della Rivoluzione russa e, in particolare, di quella bolscevica dell’ottobre 1917. Questo volume raccoglie una serie di ricerche sulle rappresentazioni della Rivoluzione russa nella politica italiana del Novecento. Le rappresentazioni del 1917, e quelle della forma di Stato e di governo nata dalla Rivoluzione rappresentano un punto di osservazione sull’evoluzione delle culture politiche, delle loro relazioni e contrapposizioni, della circolazione di idee e delle influenze reciproche. Dalla metà degli anni Venti fino al crollo dell’Unione Sovietica nel 1991, gli eventi russi del 1917 e il “modello sovietico” diventano un termine di confronto, un esempio a cui ispirarsi o, comunque, un elemento imprescindibile per tutte quelle correnti politiche e culturali che cercano di elaborare una lettura (positiva o negativa, ideologica o più orientata all’analisi reale) della società di massa, del capitalismo fordista, del rapporto fra Stato e classi sociali e di quello fra interessi economici individuali e collettivi.

Fashion Meets Socialism: Fashion industry in the Soviet Union after the Second World War

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789522226655 9789522227522 9789522226785 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.20 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation and SKS
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:39
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"This book presents, above all, a study of the establishment and development of the Soviet organization and system of fashion industry and design as it gradually evolved in the years after the Second World War in the Soviet Union, which was, in the understanding of its leaders, reaching the mature or last stage of socialism when the country was firmly set on the straight trajectory to its final goal, Communism. What was typical of this complex and extensive system of fashion was that it was always loyally subservient to the principles of the planned socialist economy. This did not by any means indicate that everything the designers and other fashion professionals did was dictated entirely from above by the central planning agencies. Neither did it mean that their professional judgment would have been only secondary to ideological and political standards set by the Communist Party and the government of the Soviet Union. On the contrary, as our study shows, the Soviet fashion professionals had a lot of autonomy. They were eager and willing to exercise their own judgment in matters of taste and to set the agenda of beauty and style for Soviet citizens. The present book is the first comprehensive and systematic history of the development of fashion and fashion institutions in the Soviet Union after the Second World War. Our study makes use of rich empirical and historical material that has been made available for the first time for scientific analysis and discussion. The main sources for our study came from the state, party and departmental archives of the former Soviet Union. We also make extensive use of oral history and the writings published in Soviet popular and professional press."

The Electrification of Russia, 1880-1926

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ISBN: 9781501707162 Year: Pages: 288 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-26 08:56:43
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≤p≥The Electrification of Russia, 1880–1926 is the first full account of the widespread adoption of electricity in Russia, from the beginning in the 1880s to its early years as a state technology under Soviet rule. Jonathan Coopersmith has mined the archives for both the tsarist and the Soviet periods to examine a crucial element in the modernization of Russia. Coopersmith shows how the Communist Party forged an alliance with engineers to harness the socially transformative power of this science-based enterprise. A centralized plan of electrification triumphed, to the benefit of the Communist Party and the detriment of local governments and the electrical engineers. Coopersmith's narrative of how this came to be elucidates the deep-seated and chronic conflict between the utopianism of Soviet ideology and the reality of Soviet politics and economics.

Revolutionary Acts

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ISBN: 9781501707209 Year: Pages: 264 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-26 08:56:43
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During the Russian Revolution and Civil War, amateur theater groups sprang up in cities across the country. Workers, peasants, students, soldiers, and sailors provided entertainment ranging from improvisations to gymnastics and from propaganda sketches to the plays of Chekhov. In Revolutionary Acts, Lynn Mally reconstructs the history of the amateur stage in Soviet Russia from 1917 to the height of the Stalinist purges. Her book illustrates in fascinating detail how Soviet culture was transformed during the new regime's first two decades in power.

Of all the arts, theater had a special appeal for mass audiences in Russia, and with the coming of the revolution it took on an important role in the dissemination of the new socialist culture. Mally's analysis of amateur theater as a space where performers, their audiences, and the political authorities came into contact enables her to explore whether this culture emerged spontaneously ""from below"" or was imposed by the revolutionary elite. She shows that by the late 1920s, Soviet leaders had come to distrust the initiatives of the lower classes, and the amateur theaters fell increasingly under the guidance of artistic professionals. Within a few years, state agencies intervened to homogenize repertoire and performance style, and with the institutionalization of Socialist Realist principles, only those works in a unified Soviet canon were presented.

Research Guide to the Russian and Soviet Censuses

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ISBN: 9781501707155 Year: Pages: 328 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-26 08:56:43
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Taken together, the Russian census of 1897 and the Soviet censuses of 1926, 1959, 1970, and 1979 constitute the largest collection of empirical data available on that country, but until the publication of this book in 1986, the daunting complexity of that material prevented Western scholars from exploiting the censuses fully. This book is both a guide and a detailed index to these censuses. The first part of the book consists of eight essays by specialist on the USSR, six of them dealing with the use of census materials and the availability of data for research on ethnicity and language, marriage and the family, education and literacy, migration and organization, age structure, and occupations. The second part, a comprehensive index for all the published censuses, presents more than six hundred annotated entries for the census tables, a keyword index that enables researchers to find census data by subject, and a list of political-administrative units covered in each census.

Revolution of the Mind

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ISBN: 9781501707179 Year: Pages: 320 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-26 08:56:43
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Using archival materials never previously accessible to Western scholars, Michael David-Fox analyzes Bolshevik Party educational and research initiatives in higher learning after 1917. His fresh consideration of the era of the New Economic Policy and cultural politics after the Revolution explains how new communist institutions rose to parallel and rival conventional higher learning from the Academy of Sciences to the universities. Beginning with the creation of the first party school by intellectuals on the island of Capri in 1909, David-Fox argues, the Bolshevik cultural project was tightly linked to party educational institutions. He provides the first account of the early history and politics of three major institutions founded after the Revolution: Sverdlov Communist University, where the quest to transform everyday life gripped the student movement; the Institute of Red Professors, where the Bolsheviks sought to train a new communist intellectual or red specialist; and the Communist Academy, headquarters for a planned, collectivist, proletarian science.

Hope Lies in the Proles

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ISBN: 9780745399294 9781786801890 9781786802194 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100940
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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George Orwell was one of the most significant literary figures on the left in the twentieth century. While titles such as 1984, Animal Farm and Homage to Catalonia are still rightly regarded as modern classics, his own politics are less well understood.Hope Lies in the Proles offers a sympathetic yet critical account of Orwell's political thinking and its continued significance today. John Newsinger explores various aspects of Orwell's politics, detailing Orwell's attempts to change working-class consciousness, considering whether his attitude towards the working class was romantic, realistic or patronising - or all three at different times. He also asks whether Orwell's anti-fascism was eclipsed by his criticism of the Soviet Union, and explores his ambivalent relationship with the Labour Party. Newsinger also breaks important new ground regarding Orwell's shifting views on the USA, and his relationship with the progressive Left and feminism.

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